In the sixteenth century, Europe began to expand by sending explorers and missionaries out to discover new territory. In the Americas, it is was primarily the Spanish, the French, and some English. Both Spain and France had different motives for sending the explorers and missionaries to the New World. The missionaries were mostly Jesuits, and while they are the same order, the Spanish Jesuits operated differently that the French Jesuits. This reflection will look at some of the Jesuit philosophies and contrast how the Spanish and French carried out their mission.
Ignatius Loyola was a Spanish priest and theologian, who founded the religious order called the Society of Jesuits in 1540. The Society of Jesuits were missionaries, or those who traveled to spread Catholicism and convert non-Catholics. During the Counter-Reformation, Jesuit missionaries traveled throughout Europe and won back many of the Europeans who had converted to Protestantism. Throughout Europe, they created schools, colleges, and seminaries. The Jesuits also ran charitable organizations, such as one for former prostitutes and one for Jewish people who converted to Catholicism.
The first Catholic missionaries, also know as Jesuits, came to New France in 1634 to spread Christianity and European values. The Jesuits established Sainte-Marie-aux-Hurons by the St. Lawrence River in 1639, creating a central base for all missionary work in New France. This paper will examine how the Jesuits ' feelings of superiority over the Huron people led to converting the native population to Christianity. Father Jean de Brébeuf saw both positive and negative aspects of the Huron confederacy. One aspect of the American Indians’ culture he approved of was their marriage customs.
DBQ European Exploration From 1400 to 1700 C.E. the Europeans began explorations into the new world and made settlements in the Americas. The explorers included Columbus, Magellan, and Cortez, and they are known in this era also known as the Age of Exploration. One of the European countries to first explore was Spain; however, the Spanish were not, one would say, good house guests. The Spanish saw the natives as inferior and In need of Christianity. The settlers mistreated the natives even though the laws back in Spain declared justice in dealing with the natives.
The Pilgrims main goal was to make a government on the land. So, they created the Mayflower Compact, which made everyone follow the laws and rules of the government. They developed a friendship with the Indians shortly after arriving and wanted to develop a trading alliance. Squanto was a Native American, who taught
The Edict of Nantes was issued in 1598 by Henri IV of France to grant French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) equal rights with Catholics. The Edict was introduced primarily to end the long-running, disruptive French Wars of Religion. Henri IV also had personal reasons for supporting the Edict. Until assuming the throne Henri himself had been a Protestant, and he remained sympathetic to their cause: he converted in order to become king, famously saying, "Paris is worth a Mass." The Edict succeeded in restoring peace and internal unity to France for many years.
1William Cronon’s Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England observes the changes of New England caused by the Indians and European settlers. In Cronon’s thesis he states, “the shift from Indian to European dominance in New England entailed important changes—well known to historians—in the ways these peoples organized their lives, but it also involved fundamental reorganizations—less well known to historians—in the region’s plant and animal communities” (Cronon xv). When colonist from Europe ventured to North America, the ecosystem would gradually change as of consequence. Cronon highlights not only the ecological changes caused by colonization but also the native’s practices that affected the environment. 2The economic and environmental value of New England was obvious and to the Europeans.
Founding of North American British Colonies The History of North American Colonies began with the Native Americans rather then with Christopher Columbus, even though current History says America was discovered by Columbus. He named it the New World. The Europeans grouped the Native Americans as "one people" even though they did not see themselves as such. That is because they were filled with a linguistic diverse group of individuals.
The reforms that the movement brought in Christianity caused turmoil within the European society. Even though scientists argue about the specific dates when the Renaissance era had begun or ended, there are no two ways that it had remarkably influenced the present day society. The reflection of ideas and concepts that were born in that era are still detectable in the present culture and yet significant differences between the early Renaissance Europe society and the contemporary society can be seen. Hause and Maltby's book presents an elaborate picture of an average man’s life through history starting with the early Renaissance to the contemporaneity. Their book ‘A History of European Society’ gives a very concise overview about the development of the western society and balanced information about the social and political
We are going to see to what extent we can say that Macaulay’s “Minute on Indian Education” reflects British society and the western point of view at the time. In a first part, we will focus on the opposition between Orientalists and Anglicists and in a second part, we will see about the western society seen as culturally superior compared to other nations and societies. On one hand, there was an opposition
The lens of Changes in the Land focuses on the Indians and how “their ability to move about the landscape” (Cronon 159), had been “severely constrained” by the actions of the Europeans, and how their life was affected by the settlement. The lens of Experiencing History: Interpreting America’s Past is one that speaks greatly of the Europeans and their life and their struggles and their point of view. This is specifically evident when the textbook speaks of “communities in conflict” (page 89), and how it spotlights the issues pertaining to the colonists. Another area where the textbook and Changes in the Land don’t align is the portrayal of the settlers and the way that they view and act on the land of New England.
The first permanent settlements established by the English in the Americas. The first permanent settlements like the Chesapeake area colonies, the Carolinas, the Puritan New England settlements and the Mid-Atlantic colonies but better known as the northern, middle and southern colonies, all differed in politics, religion, economics and social issue. Although they all differed in the above, they all had one thing in common, they were religious. With different beliefs but religious.
In 1492, supported by Spain and tasked with finding a westward route to Asia by sea and negotiate trade agreements, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World. After two more voyages to the New World, Columbus died in 1506 thinking he had discovered a route to Asia. Not until another explorer by the name of Amerigo Vespucci came to South America, did the Europeans discover they had stumbled upon an entirely different continent. Entry 2 Where did the Spanish settle in the New World?
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
Protestant Reformation to shape the landscape which they lived in. Protestants and Catholics were constantly trying to reinvent to common social norms that were already in placed in order to please their denomination. In the 1630s the Puritans, led by John Winthrop, settled in Boston with hopes of reforming the Church of England and emplacing their religion and its social values with of those who are already there (primarily Native Americans). Around twelve years later some Puritans, such as Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker, tried to reinvent the morals and theology of the Puritan Community. Years later in the 1730s and 1740s there is a revival called the Great Awakening which focused on reinventing the way people conducted their life and a call for personal choice.