Both Han China and Classical India used social structure systems as a method of political control. The caste or class a person was born into in either China or India, determined your position and status, unless under extreme circumstances would a person be lowered or raised in a caste or class. However, how people were placed into a specific social structure were very different. Han China developed a social structure based upon literacy, and Classical India introduced a caste system based on “occupation”. Literacy divided China educationally between first class, palace court, nobles, government officials; second class, peasants; third class, artisans; and fourth class, merchants and slaves.
Secondly, Angkor Wat, in Cambodia, was originally a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Vishnu. Hinduism spread to Cambodia many through sea routed to Khmer around the first century. The temple was later converted into a Buddhist temple from influences from merchants and missionaries from India; these merchants and missionaries later spread Buddhism to much of southeast and east Asia. These two documents further prove the dynamics of religious exchanges in the Indian Ocean Basin. By examining these four documents one can easily see the diverse exchanges throughout the Indian Ocean Basin by the spread of trade and religion.
Another factor that affected the people and caused them to rebel was the heavy taxes that were put upon them. And finally, the wars that were frequent at that time because of the disunity in the empire. How they came to power The first step that the Tang Dynasty took to begin its empire was reuniting China were it used its strong military power with the lead of Emperor Taizong. Then Li Yuan declared himself the new emperor of the Tang Dynasty to be known later as the founder of the Tang Dynasty. Parts it controlled Under the lead of the Emperor Taizong in the Reign of Zhen Guan the Tang Dynasty was able to conquer and reunite the northern Mongolian Plateau, the Gaogouli area that consists of northeast China and the northern Korean Peninsula, they were also able to include the Baiji area that included the southwestern Korean Peninsula In the 7th century, the Tang Dynasty also included Central Asia to its empire.
More so, many figures of the Buddha show the typical Chinese garments worn by Chinese scholars during this time: “The Central Asian style of robes is seen on Buddha figures.” This is one reason why the figure is seen reaching for the sky and showing a ritual presence in this figural representation. This is an important aspect of this type of Chinese statuary, which represents a localized version of the Buddha posing as a Chinese
2. Development of Pure Land Buddhism The idea of Pure Land Buddhism was raised in China and then spread to other countries, such as Japan and East Asia. (Wallace 2002, 43) It became famous in these countries but there are variations between the ideas. Take Indian and China as examples, Indian think that there would be separate life after rebirth as their present life may be suffering and the life after death should be happy and not connected to the present life. On the other hand, Chinese take rebirth as the continuation of life before death, which the human relations in the present life are connected to the life in Pure Land.
In Buddhism, Buddha preached most of the teachings. Like Hinduism, the main teaching of Buddhism is Dukkha, which is also referred as ‘sufferings’. Accordingly, Dharma and Dukkha are two important doctrines of both Hinduism and Buddhism respectively. In some cases there are similarities, and there are also some differences between them. As the original religious texts are difficult to understand, the interpretations are widely used among scholars to discus about a topic.
There are two types of Buddhism according to some sources, Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism is quite different than Theravada Buddhism as it refers to the daily practice of meditation by Buddhists. It also has many subcategories which are Tibetan Buddhism and Zen Buddhism. o 2.0 Similarities between Islam and Hinduism 2.1 Similarity in Meditation between Hinduism and Buddhism •
The birth and spread of major religions was through the Silk Road. The main religion that spread was Buddhism. The spread of Islamic religion took place in the Silk Road during the Tang Dynasty. A main religious spread was language, Buddhist translators translated a lot of Buddhist and Sanskrit terms into Chinese which were adopted by China (Erwin).Some more religions were spread on the Silk Road. Zoroastrianism was pushed from Persia to the east (TravelChinaGuide).
These teachings are the reflection that a person in the Chinese society might experience today. With these three teachings, there must be a balanced view of the opposite concepts of all three schools on thoughts (Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism in China, 2011). For example, Buddhism, stresses on the nature of the mind and psychology; Daoism teaches on the human body and the health, and Confucianism, teaches on political concepts in social harmony (Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism in China, 2011). The “two distinctive traits that characterized early Chinese religion and continue to influence Chinese beliefs and practices to this day: the alliance of the political community with religion, and the reliance on divination” (Corduan, 2012, p. 391-392). Corduan states that the “intertwining of society and religion are significant for two reasons” (Corduan, 2012, p. 392).
King Ashoka made a lot of effort to spread Buddhism not only across his kingdom but also outside his Kingdom. He was inspired by the teachings of lord Buddha and played a crucial role in spreading Buddhism across the indian sub-continent. He wanted to spread the word of ‘dhamma’ amongst the masses and most of his life as a ruler after the kaliga war was devoted in
One of Lao Tzu’s successors, Zhuang Zi was also a major influence to the religion, who wrote another crucial book to the religion. In addition to the influences made by certain people, Taoism morphed over time due to the influences from religions. In the beginning, Taoism was a religion focused on simple meditation and recitation of verses, but during the 5th century AD it stole some concepts from Buddhism including reincarnation (unity with the universe) and cosmology. During the 6th century many talismans and rituals became part of Taoism. By the 1200s, the differences between Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism became subtle and less defined.
The networks of trade and exchange revolutionized the way ideas and goods were traveled in the western hemisphere during the period of 300 B.C.E. to 600 C.E. Such trade networks include what is known today as the Silk Roads and the Indian Ocean Maritime System, which have evident overlap in the ideas and goods traded, yet deviate in likeness when studying their methods of trade .Silk Trade was usually started by Chinese emperors around 100 B.C.E to Central Asia, within short amount of time silk reached to Rome. Foreign Trade was mainly done through two route which was known as silk road and Indian ocean trade route. The trade started with silk from Chinese emperors to West Asia and from there to Rome.
The Chinese influence in Buddhism thought and art was founded by Kukai, who traveled to China and studied Chinese Buddhism, also studied their calligraphy and poetry. Because of secular travels and trading to China during the Muromachi period, many Chinese paintings and art objects were imported into Japan and greatly influence