Animal Farm is a novella written by George Orwell, where a pig dictator, Napoleon, tries to gain power by using different types of propaganda. This novella takes place in an imaginary farm in England that focuses on politics. George Orwell said that he was inspired by the Russian Revolution, but the idea of the awareness of corruption applies to the world. Similarly to Animal Farm, World War II “was arguably the most significant period of the 20th century” (historynet.com) that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The corruption and dictation of the government was what inspired George Orwell to write Animal Farm.
All major wars have occurred over the position or want of power. Napoleon Bonaparte, the French conqueror, conquered Europe for the power to rule it. Hitler started up slowly in his political career, and e started World War II, murdering 6 million Jews during the Holocaust. Napoleon in the political rankings of Animal Farm, up to the point which the desire for power corrupted him. Orwell shows how power corrupts a person by turning Napoleon, a good animal, into a monster.
Have you ever lived in a society that promised many promises but always broke them? Have you ever been lied to? Animal Farm shows how the societies and rulers oppress their citizens without the citizens realising that. It also shows how rulers will always change when they are in power and only work for their personal privilege. In Animal Farm, George Orwell argues that Napoleon has solidified his power by using fear mongering, manipulation, and scapegoating.
George Orwell wrote, “Man serves the interests of no creature except himself.” This quote is important because it explains the cause of the misery of a corrupted form of government, as well as depicting the context for the cause and creation of a dystopia. In Animal Farm by George Orwell, animalism was constituted after the animal revolution that overthrew Mr. Jones and ended his tyrannical rule. However, Napoleon gained power over Animal Farm and created a totalitarian rule. Napoleon used propaganda to maintain and expand his power. In “Harrison Bergeron” by Kurt Vonnegut, set in 2081, the Amendments made to the Constitution created a civil society where everyone was equal.
The animals in the farm overthrow him and rename it to Animal Farm. But, it turns into a disaster and Napoleon, one of the pigs, takes over the farm by manipulating the animals and gets guard dogs. The authors obvious irony and symbolism helps support the theme that history repeats itself because no matter what, the bad and good are constantly on war, and only repeat rather than make progress. Napoleon and Mr. Jones are paralleled two characters that help represent that history repeats itself. Mr Jones was overthrown by Napoleon, but Napoleon later acted exactly like Mr. Jones.
The pig leaders in Animal Farm represent the Russian Revolutionary leaders who controlled the Soviet Union. Napoleon, who takes charge after the death of Old Major, symbolizes Joseph Stalin. Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union in the mid 1920s, his goal was to strengthen the Union under communist ideals. Napoleon inherits similarities from Stalin, for example, the way Napoleon changes the rules and polices of the farm, his secretive meetings and actions, and lastly his manipulation of the animals. “You do not imagine, I hope that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege… The whole management and organization of this farm depends on us.” (Orwell 52).
After Moses returns to the farm, the author states, “they all declared contemptuously that his stories about Sugarcandy Mountain were lies, and yet they allowed him to remain on the farm, not working, with an allowance of a gill of beer a day” (Orwell 118). It is through this quote that the reader realizes that Napoleon is using Moses as way to control his people. By keeping Moses at the farm with beer, he can keep the idea of their own version of heaven alive. This is important because by using these ideas, the animals can justify the cruel leadership of Napoleon as they believe that the suffering will be worth it once they get to Sugarcandy Mountain. This idea of dying for a cause is also used today by powerful leaders and religious groups.
Napoleon is a sneaky, cruel pig who always gets his way and that is how it has always been and always will be. He, himself makes sure of this by convincing the animals that all humans are out to hurt them. Also, it is important to know that Animal Farm is an allegory. Napoleon is actually portrayed as Joseph Stalin, a man involved with revolutionary politics and some criminal activity. George
Martin Luther King Jr. said, “Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.” Luther’s statement about ignorance being dangerous is a recurring idea in Animal Farm, written by George Orwell. In this allegorical story, Orwell uses the animals of Manor Farm to represent the corrupted leaders of the Russian Revolution, as well as the people who stood by and let it happen. Through his characters, Orwell attempts to expose the seriousness of the dangers presented by Stalin and other totalitarian leaders at the time and the need for people to think for themselves and oppose the tyranny. George Orwell uses Napoleon to take advantage of the other animal’s hardworking, albeit ignorant and naive attitudes to gain power and provoke fear and manipulate the farm animals, proving that, without followers, leaders have no power. In Animal Farm, Napoleon takes advantage of Boxer’s loyalty in order to motivate the animals to work more, and harder.
This proved to be an ineffective way since the hens were killed by Napoleon after.The animals that tried to protest ended up being killed since the government's power in Animal Farm is corrupt. People can effectively protest by speaking out for what they believe in, and by protesting in the streets so they force change to happen. The context for an effective protest is