The Introduction The precedent is a decided legal case, which is used as a basis for deciding later similar cases. The English Law system is a legal system where the precedent has a great weight. This law system can be subdivided into two main interrelated branches: statute (or statutory) law and common law. Statute is an Act of Parliament, which starts its life as a bill, goes through the parliament, receives royal assent and becomes law.
The differences between criminal and civil case The main differences between criminal and civil law is who the parties that bought the case and what the case is about. Criminal case is when some individual commits a law and control crimes whereas civil law controls arguments between private party. Civil law e.g. When an individual is suing another individual for money owed Criminal e.g. When an individual breaks a law Case one- murder of Kiesha Abrahams Type of case-criminal Type of court-district Why was the case held in this type of court- the case was held in the district court as they went through the children’s court in Parramatta
The relationship between the law and society affects everyone and everything. How the law is written and how it is acted upon in society are two different things. It is imperative, therefore, that we as citizens pay attention to and understand the importance of the relationship between the law and society as it affects both our own lives and the lives of those around us. We engage in and witness the power of the law and society everyday. The law is personal, however, the law is also discretionary depending on where you look. Furthermore, from two scholarly perspectives, authors Richard Rothstein and Kitty Calavita, we can deepen our engagement with this relationship in their books, The Color of Law and Invitation to Law and Society, An Introduction
Legal history A system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties, this is the definition of law. Although the definition of law is evident and perceptible,the portrayal and act of law varies. Throughout the justice system there are many inconsistencies such as the type of law, there is common,criminal,civil, and administrative. Throughout these systems of law there are also criminal proceedings. In these criminal proceedings, some will find that the verdict is just.
It was revealed by a survey carried out by National Consumer Council how unhappy and unsatisfactory people were with the Civil Justice System. The main weaknesses identified were that the system being too slow, too complicated for ordinary people to understand and too outdated and costly. In the continued criticism of the system Lord Woolf was appointed by the government who came up with suggestions and solutions to overcome these problems. As a result Civil Procedure Rules came into force on 26th April 1999 introducing different reforms to the system. The rationale of the reforms was to avoid litigation and promote settlement between the parties at dispute. Among the most popular reforms were, Pre-Action Protocols, Part36, Judicial Case management and Alternative Dispute Resolution. The overriding objective of the reforms as introduced by Lord Woolf was enabling courts to deal with the cases justly and proportionately.
The definition of law is a system of rules that a community or country set to regulate the people apart of it. To make a law, the first step is to create a bill. A bill is proposal for a new law. Once the bill is created, it must make its way through congress. There are two stages for the bill to go through.
Criminal Law: It is mostly statutory and it covers specific wrongs that are considered social evils and threats to a community. The state not the victim are the prosecutors also known as a plaintiff. There are three categories for the offenses. There are misdemeanors, Petty offenses, and Felonies.
DEFINITION OF LAW: Law is outlined as the principles and regulations set by the governing authority, and have binding legal forces. It must be endorsed and obeyed by the citizens, subject to penalties or legal consequences. It depicts the will of the supreme power of the state. The basic purpose of law is to regulate the society, to safeguard and shield the rights of people and to resolve conflicts. It acts as barrier is preventing people from behaving in a negative manner that affects the rights and quality of life other people, hence violation of law implies the punishment of lawbreakers Dysfunction of Law: Dysfunction of law means failed to abide by the law.
Roman law, was effective in the Eastern Roman Empire (331-1453), and is also the basis of our legal system, civil system which most countries apply, from Europe to Latin America. Even English and North American Common law also were influenced by Roman law, particularly in the legal glossary - stare decisis, culpa in contrahendo, pacta sunt servanda. The primary document that all Roman laws were included was the Twelve Tables. This attempt was the earliest of Romans to create a Code of Law and is also the earliest (surviving) piece of literature coming from the Romans.
The laws of the Roman state, which were observed by subjects for about 13 centuries, from Romulus to Justinian. The laws by Justinian were said to be very strict. The law that was contained in the Corpus Juris Civilis, which is the name given to to Justinian’s legislative works and makes them different
The use of ECHR or European Convention on Human Rights in British courts before it was being incorporated into United Kingdom law is an example. UK and any other country which relies to the power of legislation, should always if possible do not conflicts with the international law. Therefore the supremacy of both laws depends on the acceptance if the municipal courts to the international law
Law is present in our daily life and in everything we do. We cannot think a second without law. Whatever we can see around us everything is connected with the law. Sometimes we can see it and sometimes we cannot see but feel it. Law is not just a thing to obey for yourself but making a peaceful society.