In the year of 1814 Jackson served as Major General during a five month battle against the Creek Indians. The Indians were defeated, and had to sign a treaty agreeing to give up about twenty million acres of their land. The Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians were trying to petition the treaty ,and they even took their case to the Supreme Court. Although the courts ruled the Indians were considered a dependent nation, Jackson enforced his presidential power and pushed the act . Cherokee Indians signed a treaty giving up their land in exchange for territory in Arkansas.
In 1830, the Cherokee Nation took the state of Georgia to the Supreme Court, arguing that it was an independent nation and as such, was not subjected to the authority of the state of Georgia. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall agreed that the Cherokee Nation was a distinct society but not that it was a foreign nation. In 1838 and 1839, as a major speciality of Andrew Jackson 's Indian evacuation strategy, the Cherokee country was compelled to surrender its properties east of the Mississippi River and to relocated to a territory in show day Oklahoma. The Cherokee individuals tabbed this excursion the "Trail of Tears," as a result of its overwhelming impacts.
Lincoln believed that secession was illegal, and was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union. When Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter and forced its surrender, he called on the states for 75,000 volunteers. Four more slave states joined the
The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives. The government of early America was not kind to people of any color besides white.
We befriended the Cherokee and a couple other dangerous tribes though in defence of their tactics. In the American war many of the Natives sided with the British to try and defeat the colonists and regain their lands. In this time western Pennsylvania and New York became savage battlegrounds. After the defeat of the British the newly set boundaries for America ensured that their would be more and more conflicts with the resident tribes. Chief Little Turtle gathered several hundred men and stationed the along the Maumee River which was led by
The Native American Chief Pontiac made it clear that he would not endure the white man’s aggression when he tells his people “Send them back to the country which I made for them. There let them remain.” (American Yawp, Pontiac Calls for War). It is also a reaction to the conclusion of the French and Indian War. It was drafted after the Treaty of Paris, and it sought to appease the Native Americans. The Main idea of this legislation is that it strictly forbade American settlers from expanding west of the Appalachian Mountains.
When comparing the two one has to look at the fact that individuals were upset about what happened to the United States soldiers during the Bataan Death March even though years prior the United States put the Native Americans in an identical situation during the Trail of Tears of 1838. The United State caused the death of Several Native Americans with no sympathy but willingly executed a man for doing the exact thing that their government allowed. When comparing these two major events, the Trail of Tears and the Bataan Death March, one
Creating a string of event After the Civil War, where the United States relocated most American Indians west of the Mississippi River due to an act signed by President Andrew Jackson called the idiom removal act. Making them able to get the resources they sought out. US government forced Native American tribes to live in certain areas called Indian Reservations exchange for living on the reservation; tribes were often paid some money called an annuity. The natives faced many economic issues on the reservation. Nomadic tribes lost their entire means of subsistence by being constricted to a defined area.
All throughout Manifest Destiny, the United States ran into problems with the Native Americans, faced a battle against Mexico, and obtained new land through battles with Mexico. As a result of whites moving to Native American land, the Natives rebelled. Representatives from several tribes visited Chief Black Hawk of the Sauk tribe and one representative said a prophet claimed Black Hawk
Furthermore, tensions between Mexico and the U.S. halted the plans for a transcontinental railway. A further treaty had to be made, Gadsden Purchase (1853), but resulted in more disputes over the U.S. border and failed to resolve the issues between Mexico and America. The political instability was shown in the reaction to the Wilmot Proviso “the acquisition of any territory from the Republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty which may be negotiated between them…neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory”. The North supported it as they thought slaves’ jobs could be given to free workers, and the South opposed it because they saw slaves as their property (under the Constitution) and feared more free states. This is because Free states would mean plantation owners would lose income and political power.