North or South: who killed Reconstruction? Things are going into chaos. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is violently murdering people, the north is turning against Reconstruction, and racism is everywhere! It was 1876 and there was excitement in the U.S. It was the Declaration of Independence’s 100th anniversary (Background Essay paragraph 1).
This document written by the government of South Carolina is justifying their succession from the Union. Their reasoning was that the northern states have denied the rights of property which were established in the United States Constitution. The government of South Carolina viewed Lincoln as a threat to slavery, this is evident when they said “ … All the states north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery.” (Doc 7). This also shows extremism as South Carolina did secede from the union, justifying it. This began to split the Union into two eventually leading to the Civil War.
The Confederate states also issued their own Constitution, which was basically based on the United States Constitution, except the Southern Constitution defended slavery. The election separated the nation in half and also urged 7 states including South Carolina seceded from United States. From then on, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery were officially against each other, which soon gave rise to the Civil War. In conclusion, the issue of slavery precipitated the Civil War. Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a strong social effect on opposing slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was the prelude of the Civil War, and the Election of 1860 splitted the nation into two sides, which directly led to the War.
Lincoln believed that secession was illegal, and was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union. When Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter and forced its surrender, he called on the states for 75,000 volunteers. Four more slave states joined the
The Battle of Fort Pillow, also known as the Fort Pillow massacre, was fought on April 12, 1864, at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee, during the American Civil War. The battle ended with a massacre of Union troops attempting to surrender to Confederate Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest. Military follower David J. Eicher said, “Fort Pillow marked one of the bleakest, saddest events of American military history.” and the Confederates calling it uncivilized. In response the Confederacy passed a law in May 1863 demanding that black U.S. soldiers captured while fighting against the Confederacy would be tried as slave opposers in civil courts; a capital offense with automatic sentence of death. The law stated that the Confederates should commit “full and complete retaliation” against such people.
The long walk of the Navajo’s was the forced relocation of the Navajo nation in 1863 to 64. The reason for the forced relocation was to the deterioration of U.S. Native relations in the west as well as the continuing expansion into the west. More than 200 Navajos died in the march from exposure, starvation, and disease. The march was led by U.S. Army Cpt.
This was because gold was found on Cherokee land in Georgia, and American citizens needed more places to live, expanding our territories further south. However, someone got in the way: a man named Samuel Worcester allied himself with the Cherokee Indians and sued the state of Georgia in 1832. This led to the Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court case. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of the Indians, stopping the removal, but Jackson didn’t listen, disobeying the Judge’s orders. For someone or something to be unconstitutional, it must first be judged by the Supreme Court.
Chief Justice Roger Taney issued the decision, that Dred Scott whether free or a slave is not a U.S. Citizen and therefore had not right to sue in Federal court (Lecture, 05 February). This decision is considered the worst rendered by the Supreme Court; however, would subsequently be later overturned by the passing of the 13th and 14th Amendment. With the civil war going on its third year, National Archives states, “It was only until President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, that all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are, henceforward shall be free” (The Emancipation Proclamation, 2018). President Lincoln gave moral reinforcement to the union’s cause but also gave hope to hundreds of thousands of African Americans. Despite this victory it will be a long time before that great statement will come to fruition for the African American
Authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the mississippi in exchange for lands west of the mississippi, in exchange land within state borders. During the winter of 1838 the cherokees were forced to move west by the United States government. Four thousand cherokees died on this walk, which is known as the “Trail of Tears”. This is why Andrew Jackson was a bad president, because of the cruel indian removal act.
Some people rejected the idea and did not feel it was right to support the Indian Removal Act. But the actions caused by that where very harsh and taken very badly for the Native Americans. Even all the people in the south were for it and it wasn’t even alright for the Native Americans. “The New Echta treaty was used to expel 1,700 Cherokee's from their Southern homelands. In the winter of 1838- 1839, 14,000 sauntered 1.200 miles through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas into Indian land.