Dante explores deeply the Christian hell and heaven, which includes the immediate Purgatory. This experience makes him cast his allegiance to good and God. The differences between these two stories are depicted when comparing the epic conventions, epic characteristics, and when comparing the various religious backgrounds of the times in which these two stories were written. The epic characteristics include a vast setting, supernatural forces and superhuman courage. In The Odyssey, the central character Odysseus is a war hero who is travelling back home.
Dante’s portrayal of Satan shows him to be monstrous and empty as he does not fulfill any satisfaction that is felt if something is missing in one’s life. The thing that is missing in the readers’ lives is God as only God can satisfy our desire. This paradox of Satan by Dante speaks truth as to the fact he is both monstrous and empty. This is an astounding idea to think but it makes sense as he is seen with three heads gnawing on the sinners in the final realm of Hell, Judecca, but is also empty as he is the epitome of sin and, as said earlier, sin is empty and never truly
Though it lists a hierarchy of those condemned to Hell, Dante’s Inferno shows how he was more lenient than many of his contemporaries, both in his ranking of sins, and his placement of sins in different Circles of Hell. While he still would not be progressive today, this would have been radical in the Middle Ages, when he
In inferno, Dante divides Hell up into three major subdivisions based upon the type of sin committed, but two subdivisions that sit apart from the sinful divisions. Outside of Hell circles is the Vestibule, where the cowardly souls who refused to commit to either virtue or vice are punished. The First Circle is where those virtuous pagan souls who died unbaptized or who died prior to the coming of Christ reside. They can’t be saved, but neither are they truly punished in the same tortuous ways that Dante described as those deeper into Hell. Sins of incontinence are punished in Circles Two through Five.
Dante portrays human nature as inherently prideful, seeking only to benefit ones self. As we journey through The Inferno, we are introduced to a multitude of souls. Despite of the differences in the sins committed, there is a common thread running through the whole of hell; not one soul admits to having done wrong; the sorrow and agony expressed by these souls is not due to the gravity of their sin, but the gravity of their punishment. Choosing to indulge in selfish desire will inevitably lead to destruction without the intervention of God. Although The Inferno can seem very negativistic, it unveils a truth of human nature that is often swept under the rug.
While Montresor pretends to be a good friend to Fortunato, it is strange that Fortunato does not realize the problems between them. In order to be believable for readers, the insults must be very painful for Montresor, so it urges him to commit such a crime. “The Cask of Amontillado” is missing an important element of Montresor’s motivation to punish Fortunato by burying him alive. Montresor neglects to explain how Fortunato insults him as the story lays the foundation at the opening paragraph, “The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge.” (Poe 866); however, no evidence to be found in the story to support Montresor’s claim. No one would not know what Fortunato did to Montresor and should the insults lead to
Inferno and Purgatorio are two different places and environments, one is more optimistic (Purgatorio) and while the other is pessimistic (Inferno). While Inferno (Hell) represent the eternal damnation of the souls that exist there, they die without repenting and not accepting God, in which they don’t anticipate going anywhere else. In the Purgatorio, there seems to be some purification from the souls that are trying to enhance their purification to enter Paradiso so they could finally enter into heaven. The souls and people are more likely to make to its heaven in Purgatorio opposed to the souls in inferno. But the similarity is Inferno and Purgatory is a place where the souls are sent after death, the difference is where you go based on your sins committed while alive and their beliefs.
The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is about the character Dante’s journey through the Inferno, Purgatorio and Paradiso, one that God has allowed him to take. In both the Inferno and Purgatorio there are souls who are being punished for their sins. In the second circle of the inferno and the seventh terrace of purgatorio the sin that most people are tempted by and is the least grave is lust. There are differences in the way Dante chooses to punish the lustful, in the Inferno and in Purgatorio. There is a similarity in the manner in which the lust the souls feel is portrayed.
Dante and Virgil enters the Hell where they are confronted with cries and torments from everywhere. These cries are from souls who did not commit to either good or evil but lived their lives without making any conscious moral choices. Throughout the passage Dante shows how deeply the souls are affected in the Hell. These souls are taunted here as Dante opens the passage saying how they are unfortunate because they never did anything good or bad but they are still part of the Hell. They are here because they did not make any conscious choices.
“I speak of them because of their ethics revolving the soul, they pursued pleasure in life because that they believed that the soul died with the body.” “Unaware of the importance of the soul as a entity but because the soul is something you cannot see the Epicureans disregarded the soul within us.” “This circle is the circle of the heretics submerged deep within the sixth layer of hell were until judgement day these souls shall burn in these tombs”. Then suddenly a voice emerges from the distance, and then it's soon realised a shade has submerged from the depths of a tomb. The shade mutters, saying that it knows of that accent, the shade knows Dante and recognized him through his voice while the two were talking. Uneasy of the situation Dante is reluctant to respond or even get near but Virgil beside him reassures him telling Dante to speak with the decrepit soul. He walks closer step by step as the voice gets louder Dante starts to realise that the shade that was speaking was actually someone he knew.
People are devilish and they should be rebuked and the devils cast from the souls of hell. Religion has been stated to provide inspiration, and is the force that bind individuals together. However, organized faith has its disadvantages. So keep an open mind when dealing with religion. Some do not believe there is a God, or that God cease to exist.