Comparison Of Confucianism And Taoism

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At first sight, the competing philosophies of Confucianism and Taoism seem to be the opposites of each other. However as spiritual and social forces, they have coexisted for centuries in China, even spreading to neighboring regions. They represent different codes of behavior and ways of thinking, however, upon closer inspection, they resemble similar methods of human thinking in a way that a person can encompass both religious traditions. Confucianism and Taoism differ in their primary focus. Confucianism’s focus is on the social stance and everyday life of a person. Confucius, the proponent of Confucianism, mentions that humans are inherently social creatures that have the capacity of goodness, and if followed, it leads to greater social harmony. A “superior man” in Confucianism is someone who acts in a way which is acceptable by the society around him. Confucianism basis its theories on the Tao or the Way, which could be understood in a moral sense as the right way of life. Through personal and communal endeavor, humans can perfect themselves thus perfect the state and the family. In Confucianism, there are five fundamental principles or virtues which all Confucians follow: Ren (humanness), Yi (righteousness), Zhi (knowledge), Li (etiquette) and Xin (integrity). Ren requires the adherents to pay good deeds with good deeds, show piety and generally be good and kind, Yi means being morally inclined to goodness, Zhi means to value the true significance of something, Li

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