Humanism is a type of philosophy which depends on the values, logic and social concerns. In this fact, problem of racism is considered as a social problem under the concept of humanism. The racism has turned out to be so imbued in our society that reasoning like Humanism is much more encouraging than the genuine world we live in. Humanism, while a pleasant thought, basically isn 't working for everybody. Basically racial discrimination is significant social issue in the United States, which framed by long haul social development.
On the other hand, the man who possesses humanism will always be a perfect man. He will change the society and think that he will create a new world. Since ages literature reflects the life of different people and it effectively teaches the people how to survive. Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers are popularly regarded as the founders of humanistic approach. Humanistic approach in psychology is a well known trend among the psycho therapists.
Transcendentalist writers were focused on the belief of the divinity of the individual soul, the inner voice, (Crawford, Kern & Needleman, 1961) to overcome social stereotypes and to avoid conformity. It is highlighted the importance to return to nature to enhance the quality of humans beings by living simply since being apart of common social rules is the only way to be in communion with nature’s wisdom. Those transcendental characteristics could be seen in Emerson’s ¨self-reliance¨ or Thoreau’s ¨Walden ¨ bearing in mind that although, Emerson’s ¨Self-reliance¨ adheres more descriptive examples to illustrate metaphors and Thoreau’s ¨Where I lived and what I lived for¨ introduces metaphors creating much more imagery, both make a critique of the modern individual using
Post humanism further considers the possibility that technological and historical phenomena; like advancements in knowledge and technology culminate in a fundamental transformation throughout the human species and its relationship to their environment and universe (Chiew 2014:10). Wolfe (2009:25) draws parallels between human and ‘non-human’ species in which a kind of ethical pluralism is formed, offering compassion, understanding and equality between species. The human brain was reconceived as an information processing system similar to that of a computer creating an equivalence between the two; further exacerbating the differences or intelligence gap between the humans and ‘non-humans’ (Wolfe 2009:25). Post humanism thus calls one to re-examine our process of thinking and development in relation to our environment. Inviting us to question what transcends human nature (Chiew 2014:6).
The essay “The Damned Human Race” by Mark Twain has been and still is a very controversial piece of writing. After reading "The Damned Human Race", One could say that Twain supports his argument with clear facts. Mark Twain’s essay used personality and outlooks between humans and animals by comparing them to one another. When analyzing Mark Twain’s essay “The Damned Human Race” he uses a persuasive writing style that is clear and to the point, he uses pathos and logos to persuade the readers to continue to understand how the human behavior works. Throughout the essay, Mark Twain proposed many different questions and performed many experiments and what their results were and then he included them in the essay.
Thanks to scientists from the Scientific Revolution such as Rene Descartes, who “argued for the principle of autonomous human reason as the basis for human knowledge” (Kidner 504) he relied on logic and thought that people could analyze and actually think how something can be proven. This would lead to something new in “every aspect of human society, including art and culture, and the rapid accumulation of knowledge, free from religious overtones,” (Shuttleworth, “Science and the Enlightenment”) many would start to explore their own talents, knowing that they had the material in themselves to do it, they are rational human beings, can think for themselves, therefore can invent and
For him, all religions were illusions and were made by man. In the acquaintance of commitment with the evaluate of Hegel's theory of right, Marx expressed that "Man makes religion, religion does not make man. Religion is, in reality, the self- cognizance and respect toward oneself of man who has either not yet won through to himself, or has effectively lost himself once more". He accepted that the general public and individuals are the ones who made religions to fulfill some of their needs. It was a route for individuals to comprehend their general public, and it was likewise an approach to characterize the general public's qualities, standards and morals.
Do humans live to find their essence or they live because of essence? In existentialism, the main point of view is reversing the belief that essence is more important than existence. This idea is the philosophy of the existentialist, Jean Paul Sartre. Life is a big factor for every human. While we exist in this world, we are not sure in everything.
It is a believe that if people explored nature thoroughly, they would come to know themselves and the universal truths better. All forms of being God, nature and humanity are spiritually united through a shared universal soul. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau are two greatest follower of this theory. In this paper the matter
Their curriculum covered moral philosophy, history, literature, rhetoric, and grammar; it has expanded over time to include other subjects as well. Eventually, the word humanism came to indicate a certain perspective, an approach, a mentality, a vision stressing the importance of human experiences, capacities, initiatives, and achievements. (Peltonen,