These changes will soon be repeated in countries like the German Coast Uprising of 1811 in the United States. Naturally, the bloodiness of the Haitian Revolution aroused fear among many. For example, Thomas Jefferson in Document 9 wanted to end contact and abolish trade in order to ensure peace and stop violence between different groups of people. Jefferson knew that contact with Haiti would cause slavery to be a debated question for the United States. With Haiti being another republic, the new country no longer imported slaves from the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, which ultimately shaped the economy particularly in the Western
Maximilien Francois Marie Isidore de Robespierre led the reign of terror that left over 17,000 people dead. What many people don 't know, is that he was also a major component in the French Revolution and the fight for equal rights among the estates. Robespierre is the reason the revolution succeeded, this power went to his head and this caused him to institute the reign of terror. The French Revolution began in 1789. Without it, Robespierre would not have been able to rally so much of the public and kill so many people.
Even with Haiti being ostracized by many countries, merchants still spread the news and caused many countries to have slave revolts. The significance of the revolution has caused mass change around the world on its stance towards slavery. As the Haitian revolution was the first violent slave uprising the world had seen. With it, then came the concern around slavery and the spark for civil rights movements across the globe. The Haitian revolution was fought based on the American and French revolutions principals, which paved the way for Universal human rights we now have today.
People of France were faced with much more adversity due to unfair taxation, slavery, debt, and being within the homeland. Enlightenment thinkers inspired the people of France to gain knowledge and realize that absolute monarchy is a terrible form of government, and to replace it with a government in which rights are granted, and the power of the government lies in the hands of the people. The French people succeed, and ideals of liberty and equality became a way of life for the
“The revolution awakened black consciousness and black pride throughout the Atlantic world, but it caused great fear among whites and led many to tighten the grips they help on their slaves.” The increase in violence towards the slaves came from the threat Americans saw of their slaves hearing of the Haitian revolt. Although the Haitian revolt scared American slave masters and increased inflicted violence, the revolution would inspire the great accomplishment of further slave revolts freeing slaves from all over the
They fought for their independence and release. The french wanted reform and sovereignty from the french monarchy, they wanted a new leader and a new ruler. The French was in Europe fighting for freedom against its own government. Also the types of people who fought in the revolutions differed. In the American colonies there was no set divisions of people and power, all social classes were equally affected by the government.
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
Though enthusiastic about the recent breakdown of royal power, Parisians grew paranoid as rumors of a military coup invasion began to circulate. A insurgency culminated on July 14 when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapons. Meanwhile on the domestic front, the political crisis took a radical turn when a group of insurgents led by the extremist Jacobins attacked the royal residence in Paris and arrested the king Louis on August 10, 1792. The following month, adminst the waves of violence, the The French citizens massacred hundreds of counter-revolutionaries, the National Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which proclaimed the abolishment of the monarchy and the establishment of the French
The people of France tried to resolve issues peacefully but the king cared only about his power and acted at the expense of the citizens. According to the French Revolution portion of the Encyclopedia Britannica Online, the bourgeoisie wanted to have political power and the peasants did not want the feudal system to continue (French Revolution 2). A large meeting was held to discuss and solve issues, but, “rumors of an ‘aristocratic conspiracy’ by the king and the privileged to overthrow the Third Estate led to the Great Fear of July 1789.” (French Revolution 2). With the king of France being unwilling to actually resolve any conflicts, the only choice that was left was to overthrow the government as a whole and rebuild it into being a more fair and just system. Again, people need freedom and happiness in their lives in order to be satisfied with their ways of living, and the appropriate response to that lacking in their lives is to remonstrate against the burdensome
During the seventeenth and early eighteenth century, revolts or conspiracies to revolt within the colony were all aimed at, “the massacre and annihilation of white masters”. These were localized events that were immediately terminated by officials, and it was recognized that any collective armed revolt during this period was a limited form of resistance and had a minimal chance of success. An alternative method was marronage, which proved to be, “the most viable and certainly the most consistent” means of resistance. Preceding the Haitian Revolution, was the Makandal conspiracy of 1757, one of the first conspiracies since 1704, the Makandal conspiracy occurred within a unique context unlike previous revolts, having been conceived and organized by those in marronage and then spread among the enslaved on plantations. Marronage enabled relationships with the enslaved on plantations, as well as free blacks, it facilitated a secret network of communication in the colony.
My thoughts about the revolution is that it was for an important cause. The slaves were tired of the mistreatment and fought for change. The brutal mistreatment of the slaves caused the revolt of the same brutality. Toussaint L’Ouverture played a large role in getting the salves to revolt. He saw hope in the people as he interacted with them in daily life and then tried to diplomatically solve the issues that the revolting nation was having with France.
White people were butchered, and plantations were destroyed. The French was scared that they might lose Haiti as a colony altogether. If France lost Haiti, the French economy would be disastrous because the Sugar plantations were the cash crop to France and brought in treasure. On 18 September 1792 Leiger Sonthonax was sent from France to take control of the chaotic situation. He succeeded in keeping the rebellion under control, but the war with Britain quickly destroyed his work.
Similar to the French, it also started because of wanting equality rights. Although both revolutions began in the same period of time, they are similar and different in many ways. Similar because of what caused both revolutions and different because of the violence that was used in each movement and the outcome from it. A similarity between both revolutions was the reason that started it all. Both of the French and Haitian Revolution were caused by enlightenment ideas and the lower classes wanting equality.
What happened to the radical revolution after the Terror? The great terror brought upon Revolutionary France a period of bloodshed, death, and fear unlike anything civilians had ever seen before, especially within the streets of Paris. During this time, the French Revolution veered sharply to the extreme; its leaders openly advocated the need for suffering, terror, and even dictatorship in order to achieve the perfect utopia that the French people had been striving for since the Revolution began. This could be seen as a sort of trial by fire or, ironically, an extreme period of personal sacrifice for the French people in preparation to their salvation in a manner similar to the Catholic practice of Lent before Easter. The downfall of the terror