Introduction The phrase “public interest” is a mysterious one, often used, but never completely understood. It seems to justify political actions as well as controversial policies and serves the common good by aggregating all preferences of the individuals within the society. Mark Twain, an appreciated and highly respected American writer, even realized: “No public interest is anything other or nobler than a massive accumulation of private interests.” (Twain, Smith and Griffin, 210, 275). Kenneth Arrow, undoubtedly one of the most influential thinkers and economists, expressed his very own point of view by introducing the Impossibility Theorem (Arrow, 1983) and therefore contributing to the field Social Choice Theory. In the following paper, the authors are going to argue how we are able to aggregate individuals’ preferences to show a public interest.
But the need for their being put into effect is far greater than all of the difficulties, and infinitely greater than the need for our national holy trinity, Efficiency, Economy and Quality’. ‘Men, by their nature, seemingly, cannot be happy unless engaged in enterprises that make them feel useful. They must, therefore, be returned to participation in such enterprises’. ‘I hold, and the members of the Ghost Shirt Society hold: ‘That there must be virtue in imperfection, for Man is imperfect, and Man is a creation of God. ‘That there must bevirtuein frailty, for Man is frail, and Man is a creation of God.
Globalization was ever growing and the economic system was taking root and developing vast profitable empires. When one mentions Neo- classism, it’s not unknown for scholars to remember France being the root of ,as well the French and American Revolution during that era. They supported this philosophy of enlightenment (Palmer, 2011). Philosophers of enlightenment believed in a God or creator, but not the spiritual reference to this belief, the majority of them being secularists. They were certain that there where laws and science put in place to deal everyday existence of man.
The ancient historian, Thucydides, a realist and aristocrat by birth, gave the world The History of the Peloponnesian War, but with a questionably biased view of the happenings of the 5th century BC, specifically the causes of the Peloponnesian War and the key personality(s) that played an influential role to the end result, a deep understanding of his writing style and attitude towards history must be learnt to allow for his work to be viewed as a credible source. The writing itself was the most scientifically accurate piece of work at the time but readers are misled by the downplaying and ignoring of events that negatively portray the role Athens had in the war. This deliberate action has been the foundation for countless scholars’ analysis of the reliability of Thucydides as a historian. Even though Thucydides was significantly more advanced and accurate than other historians to date, his pro-Athenian attitude, specifically surrounding the causes of the war, resulted in a History that has proven difficult to view wholly as a credible source. The causes of the Peloponnesian War described by Thucydides as “the truest” are accurate but intentionally ignore the motives behind them that would insinuate that the true aggressor of the Peloponnesian War was in fact Athens.
Machiavelli’s views are based on a constant improvement of the state. In contrast, More’s ideas on a flawless civilization have the superior framework for a happy, comfortable, and stable society. In Utopia, the avoidance of war showcases true internal strength. Even though Machiavelli states, “war can’t be avoided, and putting it off will work to the advantage of others,” he fails to notice the strategic ways More describes in his preventions of war. Machiavelli’s brutish method to win wars leads to the downfall of his own population which More evades.
(Burton, 103, Social Darwinism) After being aware of this, Theodore Roosevelt’s plan was to make America the stronger country and gain power by taking other nations. Theodore Roosevelt is a patriotic American icon to many people today because of his acts of bravery and toughness. (Burton, 357) In the olden days (maybe until today), a huge country with dominance over other countries is the ideal country for Americans. “Theodore Roosevelt was a nationalistic patriot and imperialist in his very bones” (Burton, 357). This was one of the reasons Theodore Roosevelt wanted to build a bigger America, due to his “Pride of the Nation”.
In F. Scott Fitzgerald 's enduring American classic, The Great Gatsby, capitalism has baptized itself, reappearing with the new name of religion to entrance the defenseless poverty-stricken. With all the allure of the 1920s, corruption proved conspicuous. Fitzgerald hints immediately to the East having abandoned traditionally American values in the pursual of dreams through narrator Nick Carraway, who gives meaning to a critical symbol. It is presented as "the eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg… blue and gigantic… They look out of no face, but, instead, from a pair of enormous yellow spectacles which pass over a nonexistent nose” (Fitzgerald 23). The way the sight is relayed surprises readers.
Absolutism meant prosperity because monarchs were considered gods (or God 's power on earth), they changed countries for the better, and could be liked by the people for not doing everything in a harsh way. To many, monarchs were God 's form on earth. King James I of England said that "The state of monarchy is the supreme thing upon earth; for kings are not only God’s lieutenants on earth, and sit upon God’s throne, but even by God Himself they are called gods..." (Document 2). Like King James I, people believed monarchs were needed because they had power like God. Kings and Queens were essential and brought goodness to the land.
Intro + Thesis The modern American dream is a recurring ideal, one attainable through hard work and skill; however, this belief is challenged in The Great Gatsby, which questions if effort is truly the key to success when the illusion of the American dream overpowers the reality. No longer the phrase that helped form a nation, the road to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness has veered off course, paving way for a new, debased version to take its place, one that is highly criticized in the novel. Both Gatsby and Wilson were hard workers, and this, ideally, should have gotten them far, although conversely, they both paid a price, raising doubt if The Great Gatsby was actually a tribute to the American lifestyle after all. Para 1 - The
Pericles himself was extremely pleased with this form of government as he claimed proudly in his funeral oration that “‘the city state’s’ administration favours the many instead of the few”. However, this Golden Age of Athens was not as golden as it appeared. Internal problems prevailed under the administration of democracy. The freedom granted to the public has created several issues for the city-state/empire. In fact, Thucydides portrayed the Athenian masses as moody, emotional and indecisive.