While Europe is considered the center of the Enlightenment, the best practical application of its ideas happened in the American Revolution. In the colonies, the people did not like being taxed since they did not have legislators in Britain. They also became upset with the idea of an absolute monarch. The Enlightenment idea of the sovereignty of the people becomes the fuel for the revolution. Moreover, after the fighting was finished, American free-thinkers were guided by principles of the European philosophes.
In Conclusion Thomas Paine was able to prove that monarchies weren’t the correct form of government for the Europe and much less the American colonies. He demonstrates how monarchs can have a severe impact on many people both directly and indirectly. Paine also manages to establish a precedent in which society was able to prosper and be at peace before monarchs took over. Domat’s belief in absolute monarchies is flawed because even though it similar to other natural relationships the one between monarch and subject is just one in which the monarch holds all the power and and can abuse of that
Enlightenment was created by the English philosopher John Locke. The ideas that were influenced by enlightenment were life, liberty, and property. This also gave to the idea of natural right. Enlightenment influenced the way people finally realized that divine right wasn’t right and start to doubt it. Throughout time enlightenment has influenced a lot of important events in history.
Not only did the trial of Captain Preston affect the relationship between the Americans and British, but also the Coercive Acts. After the Boston Tea Party, Britain passed these laws to punish Boston and reinforce British control. The laws affected the lives of the Americans and through the Boston Harbour Act, they were unable to utilize the harbour. Due to Britain taking away the people of Boston’s ability to export and import goods, Samuel Adams’ words were valued and Americans wanted Britain to be held accountable for “cutting off our trade with all parts of the world”. Adams was the founder of the Sons of Liberty, a group of merchants, politicians and lawyers, involved in the protest of the Stamp Act.
A key part would be how Larson intensively wrote about the dirty antics of the politicians. For example, Alexander Hamilton trying to prevent Adams from becoming Vice President. He willingly put words into Adams’ mouth to make him seem unfit for the position. This has ultimately changed my perspective on Alexander Hamilton. I thought of him as a very key figure in history because of the Revolutionary War not because of his sabotage of political affairs.
Harrison Bergeron by Vonnegut and The Pedestrian by Bradbury warn readers about the dangers of conformity and total equality through a loss of individuality in society and the cruelty of a totalitarian government. In today’s society, some countries’ citizens are lucky to have individual freedom. It is a blessing to be able to be whoever you want to be, but conformity and total equality can ruin that. Vonnegut and Bradbury portray this warning in Harrison Bergeron and The Pedestrian by describing societies where citizens aren’t blessed and must live under oppressive governments enforcing conformity and total
Thomas Paine was an English-born theorist and writer. He withheld an important voice in the revolution, using his common sense and beliefs to help build America's roots as he fought for independence against Britain, Paine has been known as the ‘voice of the revolution’ for this. He voiced is thoughts and beliefs in writings, specifically his piece called Common Sense. Common Sense was an opinionated piece that informed people of their freedom they are being deprived of, and to push for this freedom; their natural rights. He wanted separation between the colonists and Britain.
Rabin and I defined that an unfree world means the rules of the government. Rabin explains to me that the quote is saying, “if you become free for yourself, you start to rebel against it,” then I explained to him that it says, “when you follow rules, you are most likely not to be free.” Then, we both described rules as an act of oppression and that rules can really oppress you in your very existence. I also told him that it says, “It’s all about following your own rules as an act of rebelling the unfree world.” Therefore, Professor Mansfield explains the meaning of the quote that, “the free of your existence is an act of doing what you’re supposed to
During the Revolutionary era, the birth of the U.S. Constitution gave way to the political divide between the two polarizing philosophies of Federalists and Anti-Federalists. After the economic pitfalls and decentralization the Articles of Confederation had left behind, action was taken to ameliorate its failures. With the creation of the Federalist party in by founder Alexander Hamilton, its members advocated for a stronger national government and defended the validity of the Constitution’s ratification. Contrarily, the Constitution was met with skepticism on behalf of the Anti-Federalists, who believed it would undermine state sovereignty and infringe upon their human rights. The two parties hailed from different socioeconomic backgrounds,
Many philosophers believed that the government had too much power over the people and they began to work to change that. For example, John Locke believed that people should have natural rights such as life, liberty, and property and that the government should not take away these rights and instead should protect them. If the government did not protect these rights the people could overthrow the government. This idea changed everything because in the end it influenced the English to use this idea in their Declaration of Independence to break away from Britain. Montesquieu was another philosopher who helped make the Enlightenment a turning point.