Compared to areas, partly affected by Confucianism, South East Asia has already the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Asia-Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions (APF). It should not, however be directly argued that a deficiency of human rights protection comes from the influence of Confucian culture. However, it still deserves to be considered whether the institution of Confucianism plays a role. Authoritarian governments often propose a blueprint that before economic growth and well-being for all, people should contribute their political freedom and be restricted partly. However, after the economic growth in China a development of the human right situation did not follow.
While both philosophers’ writing can be very useful to the government in some ways. The leader should not be cruel or mean to the people but should know when to tough. The big difference is how they disagree most strongly on how a government should run and how they believe in war. They also disagree on when mercy should be given and how the money they own should be spent. Neither one of the ideas that they have for the government will work for the world today, because the world is not as good and peaceful as Lao-tzu describes in Tao-Te Ching, and not as chaotic or mean as Machiavelli says in The Prince.
1. What is essential to the “preservation of liberty?” How should this “be so constituted?” The powers of government must be separated in order to preserve liberty To do this, the members of one branch should have little to no power over the selection of members of another branch This separation of powers ensures that no one branch gains control of the other two branches The people should have control and elect who fills most offices 2. Explain the following: “A dependence upon the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government; but experience has taught mankind the necessity of auxiliary precautions.” Man has the tendency to put his ambitions first and be greedy The government is made up of man; therefore there must be Constitutional safeguards restricting the actions of powerful government
The meaning of political equality, the relationship between political equality and democracy, as well as how political equality affect the resources allocation in the society were still not clearly understood. In the first part of the book, Dahl points out that political equality is based on the equality of all human being, no one is inherently superior to others. Political equality cannot be obtained under any political system but democracy. There is a huge divergence between the rhetoric and reality of political equality, political inequality existed in the democratic countries in their histories, for example, the United States of America and the United Kingdom. However, these countries are moving toward political equality nowadays.
PHIL 243 First Essay Dogachan Dagi In the Republic, Socrates substantially argues that under right conditions Kallipolis which literally means ‘the ideal political state’ can be created. He presents very reasonable arguments about how to achieve and preserve the Kallipolis throughout Book V. However, this essay will strongly claim that Socrates’s Kallipolis is mostly not achievable, and if somehow achieved simply not sustainable. The main problem about his ideal city is the fact that too many regulations go against individual liberties and human nature. The citizens of the Kallipolis are sentenced to serious governmental control and they lack the abilities and structures to make choices for themselves. Furthermore, the society is immobile
As the Tongzhi Restoration was largely focused on developing a nation with strong Confucian values, there was a refusal to change the intellectual mindset of the climate. Even though the scholar officials were willing to adapt Western technology and methods, they were still convinced of the superiority of Chinese values. Hence, they failed to fully understand the sources of Western power, failing to assimilate their institutions and culture. Moreover, the Imperial Court was divided into the conservatives and reformers both pushing for different goals. For instance, the reforming efforts were undermined when Prince Gong, who had been willing to cooperate with the Westerners and recognised the need for change, was replaced with the incompetent and conservative Prince Chun.
This is seen as contradicting especially that realist theories and this empirical claim is now one of the greater disputes in political science. Numerous explanations have been proposed for the democratic peace. It has also been argued, as in the book Never at War, that democracies conduct diplomacy in general very differently from non democracies. Realists disagree with Liberals over the theory, often citing structural reasons for the peace, as opposed to the state’s government.
Both of these two theories separate the thinkers from the rest of the citizens, and both of these theories seemingly create an aristocracy, since even though Arendt defends democracy, it seems that those without the capacity or will to deliberate are the class with less rights. Of course Plato’s and Arendt’s “ideal state” are very different, especially because Plato is not a defender of democracy, and especially because Arendt herself never truly wrote a systematic work about democracy, however certain similarities are evident. If it is true that Arendt’s form of democracy suggests a ruling class of the citizens who deliberate over those that refuse to, or do not want to, it is relevant to question whether it is still a democracy or
Thus, the real problem is how people should compare since there is no need for such subfield to unnecessarily separate Eastern thinkers and Western thinkers. The criteria of comparison need to be different than East and West. Rather, it should be compared in March’s way. However, it is also true that cultural differences hinder people to understand Eastern thinkers’ logics if they are used to Western philosophy, and it attracts them to compare by regions. Thus, I would like to examine whether comparative political theory should be based on thinkers’ opinions or where they live by focusing on the Analects of Confucius.
Legitimacy in authoritarian regimes is often explained merely through the economic performance of the country: economic growth is deemed to be the main basis for legitimacy. This is arguably an oversimplification of the issue of legitimacy in authoritarian countries, like China. China, in fact, has been the object of debate and research regarding the ways the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) manages to hold its grip on power. Scholars have therefore challenged the equation “legitimacy=economic growth” by adding other elements to the formula and presenting new methodologies to research legitimacy in China. This literature review gives an overview of the debates on how to measure legitimacy and the strategies the CCP uses to build support.