Competency-Based Education (CBE)

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2.4.1 Competency-based Education (CBE) Competency-based education is an approach to learning in which the components of learning are unit of measurable assessment of student achievement, which focus on training students for specific tasks. (Auerbach, 1986) specially for adults, professionals or in university education, because of the trend of gaining more in less time in this fast moving material world. The output approach or objectivist approach with an extensive interest in using competencies based learning as a unit of assessment and analysis is getting popularity as performance-based models of the human resources field in the business sector (Paulson, 2001). As for language course designing and curriculum development, competency-based learning has been called “the most important breakthrough in adult ESL” (Center for Applied Linguistics, 1983b :1). Unlike traditional programs, in which certificates and diplomas certify that the students has completed a specific number of credit hours, certificates and diplomas granted under CBE programs certify that the students can perform specified tasks. “The implementation of CBL begins at the first step with individual acquiring competencies reflected in behavior that produces outputs that yield business results” In an essay, “Educational Accountability” in ERIC Digest (1985), it is one method of assuring the general public that degree attainment is a process of learning. Polk (1982) explains that CBE requires students to

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