Competency In Oral Communication

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

A. BACKGROUND OF RESEARCH English language is increasingly becoming an important lingua franca which is used in business, technological and academic communication (Dawit & Abiy, 2013). This trend of English globalization has made it imperative for graduates to be proficient in oral communication skills since competence in oral communication (in listening and speaking) is a prerequisite to students’ academic, personal and professional success in life. Oral communication competence can contribute to individuals’ social adjustment and participation in satisfying interpersonal relationship (Sherwyn, Michael & Judy, 2000). Effective use of English as a second language (ESL) or foreign language (EFL) in oral communication is, without a doubt, one of the most common, but also highly complex activities people need to learn for their interpersonal communication. For most people, learning how to speak in a second language (L2) is seen to be much more important than reading and writing (Ya-ni, 2007). Furthermore, most of employers identify communication as one of the basic competencies every graduate should possess, asserting that the ability to communicate is valuable for obtaining employment and
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It is considered to be helpful in improving learning as Staab (1992) states, “ I believe that oral language is important not only as a vital communication tool that empowers us in our daily lives but also as a valuable way to learn” (p.7). He considers listening and speaking as oral communication skills. As he states, “oral communication skills mean both speaking and listening to oral language, both talking and listening are lifelong activities and probably our most important communication tool” (p.6). Both are integrated skills and supports in developing each
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