Social Darwinism was developed through the theories of evolution by Charles Darwin but Herbert Spencer, a sociologist, described the outcome of social groups. Social Darwinism does not trust the theory of equality of all human beings. They see it as certain human beings are superior to others, they believe only the strongest or fittest should survive and soar in society, and that the weak and unfit should be allowed to die. Darwinists disagree that governments should not intrude with human competition by attempting to control the economy or cure social issues such as poverty. Darwinists supported a laissez faire political and economic system.
Even if we assume, however, that Hobbes’ state of nature is true, it still would not justify obeying a tyrannical government. Having to live under a tyrannical government that does not protect one’s rights is in no way better than having to compete with other people for survival. In competing with other people, at least everyone is on equal footing. However, when competing against a government, then there is a power imbalance and the government can use its power to oppress the people. Therefore, the people should have the right to rebel against such a government.
Locke states that there are three types of power (paternal, familial, and political) and expresses his fear of the types getting confused. Political, which is the right to make laws or protection and regulation of property, is the most important to Locke as it directly concerns the good of the public. In his process of defining political power, Locke refers to the state of nature (natural instincts of people) as a state of equality in which no person has more power than another. He notes, however, that there is a natural level of universal law that exists in this nature and that people do not have license to abuse others. Locke proposes that natural law only calls for the punishment to fit the crime.
They promoted competition because they believed that some people, nations, or races were better fit to survive. These theories gave birth too many ideas that we know today such as imperialism, racism, capitalism, and discrimination. Though Social Darwinism is linked to Charles Darwin, Darwin did not address human evolution specifically in
The weights are a symbol of suppression, the government claiming to bring equality, is literally using weights to pull down those that could endanger the system. Although the weights as a handicap device are a curious choice, because they bring a side effect that the government obviously did not anticipate. Lifting weights is a recipe for getting stronger, Harrison for example has struggled against the weights so long that he turned out exceptionally strong, hence the government has helped creating a potential nemesis. But also it seems an appeal that people, unlike George Bergeron who simply accepts his fate, need to rise up and not let themselves be weighed down by anything or
This is to say that Locke believed it was wrong for a nation to be ruled by one man based on his bloodline or privilege of class. Both of these arguments are basically over the idea of being born into privilege or into service. While one puts heavy emphasis on one man being inherently “good”, the other emphasizes our ability to have free will. Although Bossuet and Locke have their differences in what ruling a monarchy should look like, they still have some ideas that are represented in both of their theories. First, we must understand that while these two philosophers were on opposing spectrums of the political debate of the time, they both still had the nation's best interests at heart.
Essay 1 Aristotle and John Locke both believe humans were not created to live alone but instead among other people of the same community. Humans are not independent beings, and those who live in isolation lack the purpose of life: becoming a citizen and exercising one 's full potential of human flourishing. According to Aristotle, the collective community or multitude of citizens coexisting with one another is happiness, whereas Locke believes that the collective community is protecting autonomy and property. Both philosophers believe that to become a citizen, one must contribute to politics with the intent of creating a better society for all. Aristotle and Locke however, have differing views on how a person accomplishes this.
Cruelty well employed basically asserts that a king should appear as a cruel figure in order to command respect and obedience from his people. However, he cannot appear to be too harsh before his citizens because he may lose their support. 4. In a sense there is a democratic lesson to Machiavelli’s discussion of civil princedom. He explains in Chapter Nine that it is a Princes best interest to seek support of the common people not only because he can then rise to power with his own accord with a mass of people ready to obey his law, but also because if he lost support of them they would have a more difficult time overthrowing him than the Nobles.
At one point the idea of natural selection could be seen as a desperate attempt to uphold the economy, as a way of survival, but its disregard for those less fortunate is what raises controversy. According to the concept of “survival of the fittest”, assisting those positioned below you would upset the balance and would work against upholding the moral standard (Klein 393-394). Although the idea derives from Darwin’s theory of evolution, many evolutionists are opposed to Social
vNatural selection is the most popular theory by evolutionist, Charles Darwin. This theory is the belief that evolutionary change comes from organisms adapting to better fit with their environment, generation to generation. The variations that occur, give the organism a better chance of survival, ensuring that they can reproduce and pass on the trait to further generations. Eventually the variation will spread throughout the species. Natural selection can however be limited by several factors These factors include, the variation gene not being available, history not allowing the variation to develop or the trade-off of a variation creating a different problem for the animal.