ABCD analysis framework is also used for analysing National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) accreditation process on higher education institutions . The various features of the NAAC accreditation system is evaluated based on identifying and analyzing the advantages, benefits, constraints, and disadvantages of some of the chosen issues like organizational issues, Faculty performance issues, student development/progression issues, social/environmental/community engagement issues, Infrastructure And Learning resources, and Issues on Innovations Creativity and Best Practices. The affecting factors under these issues found out using focus group method and the constituent critical elements under each factor are identified. The result supported the logic of using ABCD analyzing technique in any System/concept performance
PRINCE2 is more focus in methodology and tools which the scope is happen in initiating stage including creating of product breakdown structure as stated at table 7. In dealing with change scope, it is covered in the controlling stage with control component and techniques. (table7) Larson and Gary (2014)’s scope management only come with five steps. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is their main focus. In controlling scope, Larson and Gary only in WBS instead of consider any scope outside from WBS.
It allows the executives to truly accomplish their strategies. The balanced scorecard approach gives an a clear vision as to what companies should determine in arrange to 'balance' their financial perspective. The balanced scorecard is system that enables organizations to make clear their vision and policy and adapt them into action. It provides suggestions about the both internal business processes and external outcomes in regulate to always improve performance and outcomes. When fully used, the balanced scorecard converts strategic preparation from an academic exercise into the nerve axis of an activity.
The pre-experimental method was used for two main reasons. The first relates to the cause-and-effect relationship that may be claimed from the investigation. Using a quantitative approach “allows the researcher to focus sharply on causal relations” (Neuman, 2007:201). The second relates to the need to explore many factors potentially influencing L2 writing learning. Independent and dependent variables A variable in quantitative research is “a characteristic or attribute of an individual or an organization that can be measured or observed and that varies among the people or organizations being studied” (Creswell, 2009:50).
Transaction cost economics and its application in the establishment of contracts Introduction Transaction Cost Economics (TCE) is a major theoretical framework used in economics, strategy and related fields, which is used to define the boundaries of a firm. The concept of TCE tries to explain how a buyer and seller choose an arrangement between them which offers protection for their relationship at the lowest cost (Shelanski & Klein, 1995).The theory behind TCE establishes whether a firm’s transactions are more efficiently performed internally (hierarchy) or externally (market governance) (Geyskens et al., 2006). The Nobel Prize laureate Oliver Williamson is recognised as a seminal author in the field of TCE (Johanson & Mattsson, 1987). A
It is guarantee figuring out how to happen inside of the same bearing and to motivate that it amazingly takes places. Companies with greater shared vision likely enhance to business excellence and success. Then, companies appear to utilize the shared vision to create innovative product and services and satisfy client and market necessities (Ussahawanitchakit, 2008). Cooperation is moreover a key issue that plays a task within the advancement of core competency. Cooperation may be a joint behaviour toward a specific goal of common interest that involves interpersonal relationships (Croteau et al., 2001).
However, to reduce replication and multiple processes trying to restart the same component, the recommendation was to control the operation by one central place using a storage-related approach. To enable this, the Traffic Controllers monitored ASAP application elements and informed the upstream consumer (F5 – the load balancer) if it faced some irresolvable failure. The F5 load balancer sent a status check request to each of the Traffic Controllers (this was configurable, and we set it to 5 seconds). We split the Traffic Controllers over both ASAP Server instances, and the F5 would send a status check request to only one of the ASAP Server instances for each service type. In the case of service not available, the traffic controller had 5 attempts to restart the particular component.
As an economics student, information economics has given me an opportunity to explore more on the usual economics theories that I have learned so far. This paper written as a reflection on the understanding of information economics mainly based on my personal perspectives with the aid of some references. In addition, the theories of information economics applied in the project task given is also been discussed in the later part of this paper. Undoubtedly, economics is everywhere and always exist regardless in the ancient time or the present. It’s just the way how an economic interaction is been carried out and how the people react towards an economic situation differ from the past and the current era.
As mentioned by (Dimant, 2015), the pioneers of laboratory research focusing on peer effects and social identification are (Hoffman, McCabe & Smith (1996) and Bohnet & Frey (1999). These studies have shown the relevance of social identification in giving decision. Since then peer effects have found to influence individual behaviors in many different contexts such as: Falk & Ichino (2006), Mas & Moretti (2009) and (Georganas, et al., 2013) on productivity, Gächter et al. (2012) on reciprocal behavior under observability of other peer's
This paper discusses about the hierarchical process of developing an Expert System as well as applications, advantages and its limitations. In addition, this paper shows the current research trends that are being carried out in the field of Expert Systems. 1 Introduction: All Artificial Intelligence programs are essentially reasoning programs. An Expert System is considered as a branch in the category of AI. The Expert System is also known as “Knowledge-based system” or “Expert Computing system”.