The teacher facilitates learning by responding to the needs of the learner. To be effective, the teacher or presenter needs to tell things the way it is and stress how to do it. Self-directed learners are responsible of their own learning. Knowles et al., 2005, believed that adults need to know why they need to learn and cited the six assumptions of adult learners; need to know, self-concept, experiences, readiness to learn, orientation to learning and motivation.
In the assumption of learning theory we are making assumptions about learning from different perspectives. From an educator’s perspective, we have made assumptions about the needs and readiness of learners, and assumed that there are best teaching and learning strategies for particular learners under particular learning context. Experiments and research have been conducted to validate the findings. From a learner’s perspective, the learners have assumed that they would be able to achieve the learning goals based on certain learning strategies, that suit their particular learning styles, and under
1 I will always try to involve students in the assessment process. “Involving students in the assessment process is a key way of helping them to manage and ‘take ownership’ of their learning, by thinking about what they have achieved and planning ahead.” (Educational Scotland). Students have to know what their strengths and weaknesses are, in order to undertake appropriate action to reach their goals. Explaining what is going to be covered during the course and what are the expectations to gain the qualification will help them to feel responsible for their own learning.
A key to effective PMII is the selection of peers to participate in the intervention (Appendix A). First, it is important to select peers who exhibit good social/language skills; have positive social interactions with the learner with ASD; are generally compliant with adult directives; attend school on a regular basis; have similar schedules/academic groupings as the learner with ASD; and express a willingness to participate. After selecting the peer, one must plan for the actual training session. Peer training sessions should be based on the individual needs of the learner with ASD.
Early childhood educators must differentiate instruction, build knowledge together, create multiple opportunities for learning, teach to all developmental domains, integrate content areas, and monitor children’s achievement (Brown, Feger, & Mowry, n. d.). Tools, techniques, and strategies must meet the readiness levels, interest, needs, and cultural identities of individual learners. When young children learn through developmentally appropriate practices they are enabled to connect previous experiences to new knowledge and make meaningful connections. DAP also helps learners meet challenging goals, build confidence and self-esteem, and encourages them to take on a positive approach to learning. The side-effects of non-DAP can result in behavior issues, failed classroom management, miseducation, failure of students reaching their academic potential, and grade
Facilitators can help provide a supportive environment to assist in the process. The facilitator has a role to play in pre and post experience. Learners need to be prepared if they have to make most of their experience. According to Boud and Walker (1999:29) a facilitator can assist learners by introducing them to the context, and help them develop skills and strategies prior to the event.
By incorporating Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories into teaching strategies in early childhood classrooms, student learning is likely to increase. While Piaget and Vygotsky 's theories offer insight into Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the classroom, other theorists such as Dewey and Bandura offer even more supporting evidence for DAP. John Dewey was a pragmatist. Pragmatists believe that reality must be experienced, and so forth believed that human beings learn through a
For example, they conduct formative assessment. Formative Assessment is part of our instructional process. It provides the information needed to adjust teaching and learning while they are happening. In this sense, formative assessment informs both teachers and students about student understanding at a point when timely adjustments can be made. These adjustments help to ensure students achieve, targeted standards-based learning goals within a set time frame.
and design instruction that develops students' self-perceptions of their academic skills. And by large will lead a way for in making Quality primary education a dream come true. The present study titled ‘Teacher Efficacy in Relation to Teacher Motivation and Personality of Primary School Teachers is a survey study. In this study the researcher has made an earnest attempt to find out the relationship between Teacher Efficacy and its dimensions with Teacher Motivation and Personality of Primary School Teachers.
According to David P. Ausubel, goal of learning subject matter and improve of presentational methods of teaching is important. His theory of meaningful learning regarding how knowledge is structured, how mind work to process new information and how educators can apply these ideas about learning when they present new material to learner (Gupta, 2014). This model helps educator to arrange and transfer information as meaningfully and effectually as possibly. Advance organisers provide perceptions and ideologies to learner directly. Cognitive structure deals with any kind of knowledge of a field is in our mind, how successfully it is organised.