In accordance with the grief models of dual process theory and Rando’s models, it presented a view point that my grief experience can be conceptualised as disenfranchised grief and furthermore discussed and analysed the various interventions I would employ as a counsellor to a client who presents with a similar grief experience. This case study also presented that view point that although experiencing grief is a normal response to loss, the manifestations of grief and bereavement can assume various degrees of severity and that tailoring the counselling assessment and intervention according to client situation is pivotal in integrating the loss without compounding
They propose that there are four key elements of the spirit of MI: Partnership, acceptance, compassion, and evocation (Miller & Rollnick, 2013). In supporting the spirit of MI the therapist must be aware of the following pitfalls. The question answer trap whereby the overuse of question’s controls the session; taking sides, since this gives the client the position to argue against; labelling which runs the risk of leading; the expert trap which can result in a client adopting a passive role; the premature focus trap, where the problem of addiction precludes a focus on the current issues; and finally the blaming trap, which does not support the client in making the changes they want to make (Miller & Rollnick,
You need to stay in contact with your fear until you get accustomed to it with gradual exposure. This approach is useful when dealing with phobias like heights and snakes. EMOTIONAL AMPLIFIER Experiential avoidance is the term used if your fear is a feeling, sensation or emotion. It is similar to an emotional amplifier: it grabs your fear and amplifies it, making you want to avoid it even more. What is the solution?
This is used to help people recover from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) (Resick & Schnicke 1992). Self-blame is a treatment focus. Prolonged exposure (PE). PE is an approach intended to reduce PTSD through a modification of the memory structures underlying emotions such as the ubiquitous fear found in PTSD (e.g., Foa & Kozak,
Another purpose is to help clients return to their level of functioning before the crisis. Functioning may be improved above and beyond this by developing new coping skills and eliminating ineffective ways of coping, such as withdrawal, separation, and substance abuse. In this way, the client is better outfitted to adapt to future challenges. Through discussing about what happened, and the feelings about what happened, while developing ways to cope and solve problems, crisis intervention aims to assist the client in recuperating from the crisis and to prevent serious long-term problems from developing. Research documents positive outcomes for crisis intervention, such as diminished pain and enhanced critical thinking.
Whilst the theories and beliefs of existentialism and mindfulness are often perceived as being the exact opposite of each other, they are both focused to helping the client move on from difficult time. I.e. these therapies focused on helping the individual self-discover the healing process, leading to improve self-esteem. Both approaches aim to help the client to develop their behaviour and to heal and grow inside as individuals, accepting all the suffering such as fear and sadness and dealing with them; even though their execution is very different in both modalities (Langdridge, 2010, p.1). Existentialism is about acceptance of the fate and face the word with courage and passion.
After determining the source which may affect elderlies’ self-respect, they can be assisted to gain awareness of their negative thoughts or beliefs in their minds. Focusing on the cognitive content of an individual’s reaction to a stressful event is essential to gain understanding of the nature of concern and changing their thought (Corey, 2011, p. 328). This step can be supported by one of the step in crisis intervention, examination of alternatives, in which the individual is assisted to examine cognitive patterns and find ways to reframe the situation and view of the problem (James,
A list by Live Smart Coaching (2012) presents the aim of counseling which are (1) it offers a safe and reflective space for us to bein to make sense of the chaos and worry that we find ourselves in, (2) it enables us to explore more on what troubles us and the past events that caused the present problem, (3) it encourages us to take a look on our thoughts, feelings and behaviors at the moment, (4) it helps us in finding ways of changing our irrational emotions that would take us to a more secure place, and lastly (4) it gives us a change to understand and learn ourselves that will enable us to be in control of our life. In addition, the Japanese Association of Counseling Science identifies the three major goals of counseling as (a) facilitating human growth by emphasizing developmental perspectives, (b) advocating for prevention, and (c) helping to solve practical problems (Grabosky, Ishii & Mase, 2012). It will vary according to need but may be concerned with developmental issues, addressing and resolving specific problems, making decisions, coping with crisis, developing personal insights and knowledge, working through feelings of inner conflict or improving relationships with others (Sheppard,