The first compromise was in 1820 call the Missouri Compromise. The debate was where slavery would be allowed to take place. The Northwest Ordinance was the Northwest territory created beyond the Appalachian Mountains, this action was a responds to many differ things such as war. Then the compromise was that Missouri enter as a slave stated and Maine enter as a free state and the line of 36' 30" is the line that separates slavery everything above it is free and everything below it was a slave state. The Missouri compromise was effective for almost thirty years until similar problems arose and the compromise became less and less effective.
The Era of Not So Good Feelings Many historians label the period after the War of 1812 as the “Era of Good Feelings” but it certainly did not seem that way towards many others. This so called “Era of Good Feelings” dealt with the extension of slavery and the differing views on that subject between the North and the South, the American System that helped the United States industrialize and expand but led the country from nationalism to new sectionalism views; thus causing tensions to rise. Slavery had been protracted since the 1600s and with the extension of slavery and many differing views from both the Northerners and Southerners, it became a huge issue. Northerners opposed the extension of slavery because of the 3/5 Compromise which provided unfair representation to slave states compared to the northern states. Even though it seemed that the Northerners opposed slavery, it wasn’t about the wickedness of it, it was mainly because of the unfair representation in the House of Representatives.
He occasionally expressed views that it was wrong to own humans, but as politician during that time, he knew he couldn’t run on a position that emphasized slavery(Black). He even said it to be a minor issue for him prior to 1854. After his switch to the Republican Party, Lincoln brought his ideas to
Not only were the North and South opposed on the topic of slavery, they also held opposite positions on political interests. The Southern states enforced state’s rights, while the Northern states were more for the national government and being a union. The Confederacy believed that each state should have the right to choose whether they want to be a free or slave state. The Southern states requested to pass an act called the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850. This act mandated that fugitive slaves would be provided for the return to their state.
One major event was the Missouri Compromise, In 1820 there were 11 free states and 11 slave states in the United States (). When Missouri proposed to enter the union as slave state, it caused the balance between the free and the slave states to be unequal. Once that happened Senator Henry Clay proposed the Missouri Compromise, which would admit Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state. As part of the Missouri Compromise Congress created the imaginary line at latitude 36,30 N. Which meant slavery would be permitted in the Louisiana Purchase south of this line. This event did not go over well because it showed the north in an aggressive manner about being anti-slavery which caused more tension over slavery.
The country is divided between the North (the Union) and the South(Confederate States). The issues being debated include state rights and disagreements over tariffs but the greatest division is on the issue of slavery, which is legal in the South but is gradually being banned by states north of the Mason-Dixon
States that were in rebellion did not follow the executive order made by the president because they were rebelling against the government. The Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery, but it is an example of Lincoln trying to help with conflicts between the two sides. Lincoln thought that if slavery was no longer a conflict, then it would help end the war. He did not think the Proclamation would have virtually no effect. Lincoln did not care if slavery would end, but he
The Missouri Compromise was made as an attempt to deal with the debate that had been going on about slavery. It lasted thirty-four years, but never truly made the North orouth totally happy with the situation. Although the Missouri Compromise did push back the debate on slavery in Missouri, it did not solve the problem as a whole. The tension between the North and South was, in fact reduced for a period of time. Once the Missouri Compromise was declared unconstitutional, the tension once again grew.
During the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln illustrated cautiousness as several States that was part of the Union were undecided whether to join the Confederate government or remain in the Union. However, Lincoln was aware of the pressure that he was facing and therefore, Lincoln, did not overuse his authority that would illustrate himself as a tyrant. However, authorized the suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus in 1861, which was not one of the greatest moments of his time; nevertheless, what showed of Lincoln was commitment and a sense of leadership within the line of the Constitution. Abraham Lincoln dislike of slavery was apparent from the beginning of 1850; however, he did not want the Civil War to be about slavery and was cautious not talking about slavery at the beginning of the war. Despite his avoidance of the issue slavery during the war, Republican radicals pressured Lincoln implemented the first Confiscation Act of 1861 in which slaves captured by the Union forces were not to be returned to the master since there was no contraband.
Southern Slave States feared an increase in Free States in the North, so with the implementation of the Missouri Compromise, they felt slightly more secure in their position in the Union. Henry Clay’s compromise forbade slavery north of the 36th parallel, which added security to the North as well, yet it was eventually deemed unconstitutional in the Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford. It was replaced by the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act with the execution of a policy known as popular sovereignty, which essentially allows the citizens of an area to determine whether they would allow slavery in that specific area. Nevertheless, neither the Missouri Compromise nor the Kansas-Nebraska Act impacted the South’s decision to secede like the Compromise of 1850. Though it was meant to benefit the South through strengthening the Fugitive Slave Act,
The developing difference between the North and the South, primarily with the issue of slavery caused sectionalism between the nation. Sectionalism occurs when a region of the country is more important to the people than the interests of the whole country. Specific events pertaining to westward expansion, particularly the Missouri Compromise, the Compromise of 1850, the Dred Scott court case, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the John Brown court case were fundamental causes of the Civil War. In 1819, Missouri requested admission to the Union under a slave state. At the time, there were eleven slave states and eleven free states.
Slavery became a key issue in the arguments of the north and the south. The south was very agricultural while the north was industrial. The south feared the declaration of freedom for the slaves by government leaders in the north. Government officials at the time were not interested in ending Slavery in the slave states, but instead in keeping newly admitted states from becoming slave states. The first official disagreement of this came in 1820.
(Schultz, n.d.). The Confederate States of America were the first to willing withdraw from the Union as they tended to have more slaveholding families and the Northern territories were the last to withdraw from the Union as they tended to have fewer slaves. In order to prevent this from becoming a war John Crittenden and Abraham Lincoln tried to come up with several ways to compromise with the situation at hand. The first attempt was by John Crittenden with the Crittenden Compromise which was unsuccessful. This compromise was a “reconciliation proposal advocating that the Missouri Compromise line of 1820 be extended all the way to the Pacific, excluding California, with all the land north of the line free; all the land south of it open to slavery; also included an “unamendable amendment” to the Constitution, guaranteeing the preservation of slavery in the southern states where it already existed.” (Schultz, n.d.).
The Whig party was divided into two on this issue and lost support in both the North and the South. Even the American Party, a relatively new faction at the time, was divided on this topic. In 1854, opponents of slavery formed the Republican Party, which included Free-soilers and antislavery Whigs and Democrats. In opposition, those who supported slavery sided with the still-living Democratic Party. Even though members of these parties embraced a vast range of opinion, slavery was the only issue that could bring them to opposite sides.
This made it very hard for states entering the union to decide to be either a free state or a slave state. Many northerners were worried about states entering. The compromise in 1820 by Henry Clay allowed Missouri a slave state, while Maine would become a free state. Also a line