Computer Advancement In Education

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ICAI uses a combination of text, graphics, sound and video in the learning process. It is especially useful in individualized learning situations. The explosion of the Internet as well as the demand for distance learning has generated great interest and expansion of computer-assisted instruction. The first university formed to provide degrees entirely through Internet courses was Jones International University in 1993. It received full accreditation by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCA) on March 5, 1999. Currently, there are more and more colleges and universities offering web-based courses and programme throughout the world pertaining to different domains of knowledge.
1.1 COMPUTERS IN EDUCATION: A BRIEF HISTORY
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Advancements in technology are inevitably reflected in educational systems. In most of the developed countries education has been penetrated by information technologies (IT); schools have computers, a large numbers of teachers use computers and new technologies while teaching, and more over textbooks have some parts devoted to new technologies.
The history of computers in education has been variously characterized as an "accidental revolution" or "unthinking man and his thinking machines." Others have said that the computer revolution has changed the adage that "necessity is the mother of invention" to "in a computer world; invention is the mother of necessity." However characterized, it is clear that innovators in this field have created some of the most provocative and stimulating ideas in the history of education. What follows is a brief chronological history of some of the more interesting ideas and
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With the help of advancement in technology and learning, science researchers consider learning with technology as means for construction problem-solving skills and for achieving learner independence. As Saettler (2003) stated, “The cognitive approach to instructional technology emphasized looking at how we know rather than how we respond, and analyzing how we plan and strategize our thinking, remembering, understanding, and communicating”. Besides, students would also to learn through playing games and simple simulations with the help of cognitive school of thought. The importance of using a word processor has been discovered by writing teachers and almost immediately students were using the advantages of word processor by writing, deleting, formatting and revising with effortlessness. Other subject matter teachers perceived the importance of the computer in creating a rich learning environment by using databases, spreadsheets, presentation, and research tools. Since 1995, rapid advances in computer and other digital technology, as well as the Internet, have led to a rapidly increasing interest in and use of these media for instructional purposes (Reiser, 2001). Swiftly there was a volume of information obtainable to students with a network of people all through the world that improved communication and the exchange of thoughts. Additionally, distance education
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