2.1 Portfolio Paulson (1991) considers portfolios as a powerful educational device that makes it possible for students to take responsibility for their learning. He believes that portfolios can supply the curriculum with instruction and authentic assessment. Accordingly, through the focus on individuals they can be reflection of the educational process. On the other hand, according to Weigle (2002) “portfolio assessment is seen by many as an alternative approach to writing assessment that can allow broader inferences about writing ability that are possible with single-shot approaches to evaluating writing, both in individual classroom and on a larger scale" (p.197). In addition, with portfolios students attempt to view themselves as
From the above discussion, it seemed to be clear why I chose 'Social Cognitive Theory '. This theory seemed to be supported to my study because it focused on observation which plays fundamental role to learn English. This theory believs that learning takes places through direct observation, modeling, social environment, skills, stratigies, and attitudes. In EFL classroom, teachers exhibit different behaviors (verbal and nonverbal), skills, and attitudes by creating learning environment which may influence students to learn an English language.This theory helped me to see what types of nonverbals behaviors teachers demonstrate through modeling while teaching. Similarly, this theory gave me insight to explore the aims of this study.
Abstract Writing is a very important skill that needs to be taught, developed and assessed for elementary graders. For each of the learning skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing), there are many ways and strategies that educators can use to develop their students’ learning. In this study, I'm targeting to pay teachers' attention to learn more about (6+1 Traits Writing Strategies) which are: (Ideas, Organization, Voice, Word Choice, Sentence Fluency, Conventions, and Presentation). Using traits in ESL elementary classrooms will encourage students to write better and will provide them with remarkable writing experiences. In this study, I’m going to open teachers’ eyes to our children's ability of writing and development process
First repertoire, which is talk for everyday life is obviously being applied in any classroom. It support everyday human interaction and help students to develop, explore and utilize transactional talk, exploratory talk and so on. Learning talk provides students with not only factual answers but also allows them to narrate, explain, evaluate and many more. Teaching talk involves teacher in rote (where I drill any ideas facts and routine through repetition), recitation (recall or test what is expected to be known by using short question or key point), instruction (give order to student and tell them what and how to do; lab tutorial, project etc) and exposition (imparting information and explaining). The last repertoire (classroom organization) allows teacher to make use of five ways of organizing interaction.
INTRODUCTION The paper focuses upon the significance and the quality of English language learning assessment and evaluation process in the educational system. Evaluation is a wider concept than testing and measurement, and is designed to judge the worth of all the educational outcomes brought about as a result of teaching learning process. Inthis process the students come to know their own drawbacks and try to improve. Thus, it helps the teacher in diagnosing the difficulty in learning. Because in a continuous assessment of the student day-to-day progress it helps in determining the potentialities and interests of every student, on the basis of the day-to-day records of students it becomes easy to know the present status of the student
In the studies, to elicit teachers’ beliefs and cognition, metaphor analysis was exploited (Tobin, 1990; Thornbury, 1991; Akbari, 2013). Lakoff and Johnson (1980) suggest that using personal metaphors is a way of self-understanding which “is the continual development of new life stories for yourself” (p.233). In teaching contexts, metaphors are considered as a means for teachers to verbalize their profession as a teacher (Pajak, 1986). The investigation of metaphors was also considered as a valuable tool to be used in understanding classroom processes (Marshall, 1990) and in training programs (Thornbury, 1991; Tobin, 1990). Tobin (1990) searched practising and prospective teachers in a project based on a constructivist approach to reveal the change process in conceptualizing teachers’ beliefs and roles through metaphors and the finding were used to implement teacher change.
Due to the tension raised it led me to formulate my research questions which made me identify the concerns related to the research area. My interest of the research study is to look at evaluating the effectiveness of the teachers teaching strategies of teaching English language as an additional language in the early year’s classrooms. As a practitioner I wanted to assess the effectiveness of how the teachers teaching strategies can benefit the children in early years can learning English effectively. The proposed areas had to investigate on the teacher’s performance, confidence level of teaching early year’s students and data on student’s performance in learning English. The article which I reviewed for my research gave me some ideas and made realize on how I could venture further looking into the teacher’s perception rather than focusing on the external factors which is not related.
He brings out the importance of Language learning strategies in the classroom adopted by the learners. He further emphasises that these strategies would equip the learners and help them to communicate appropriately and also creatively. The major issue raised by the author on Language learning strategies thus finds a solution. The researcher ultimately concludes that Language learning strategies paves way to creative thinking which would enable the learner to be autonomous and constructive in the process of Language
There are some suggested principles from well-known researchers to follow such as: Ellis (2005), Dörnyei (2013), Richards (2006), Kumaravadivelu (2003), Raja (2012), Rahnama, Fatehi Rad & Bagheri (2016) and they was used in order to evaluate this coursebook. Those mentioned principles are below: 1. The coursebook will take advantage of opportunities for students to speak in classroom. According to Goh (2007), speaking skills plays a key role in acquiring L2 language and develops communication skills. Therefore, the more opportunities of interaction in L2 language learning students achieve, the more ability of proficiency students can develop.
LITERATURE REVIEW Within an increasingly evolving context of technological change, educational system around the world should be able to meet the needs of students. The main point in education is the quality of teaching. High quality teaching has been defined as that the teachers must take into account not only the subjects they are teaching but also the students. (Evans & Waring, 2011) Today’s teachers are responsible for a great variety of learners with a great diversity of needs than ever before. Because there are various students in classrooms who differ in knowledge, culture, race, ethnicity and language being taught.