Liberalism Theory

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Liberalism helps explaining foreign policy by emphasizing how individuals, ideas, and ideals support fundamental human rights, liberty, and democracy as well. Moreover, liberalism is considered with principles such as importance of the freedom of the individual and importance of moral freedom of the right to be treated equally. The political conception of liberalism originally included the whole world. And the ideas that the liberal seeks to realize in a confined space must also believed to operate in a large scale within the international politics. If the liberal makes a distinction between domestic and foreign policy, it does so solely for the convenience of the vast field of political problems on the main types of units, not
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In addition, there are two principles that work within domestic level rather than international is laissez-fire, which means nonintervention on the side of government attitudes toward the society, and social welfare that indicates social services provided by a state for the benefit of its citizens. Furthermore, liberal theory regards the domestic circumstances of states as crucial variables and alternating in explaining their international behavior, in other words, liberals assume unlike realists that what goes on inside states has a fundamental and undeniable impact on how they behave internationally. Liberalism tells us that the make-up of different types of political systems, which affect their foreign policy decisions. For instance, democracies are meaningfully different from dictatorships as well as liberalism tells us that values (ideas) beyond national survival matter; thus, while realist principles may exert strong influence over the decisions of policy makers, liberal ideas cannot be not ignored—if they are, the results will often be disastrous. This paper examines how liberalism works in foreign policy and can liberal peace be effectively maintained and expanded without provoking…show more content…
Defined by the centrality of individual rights, private property, and representative government, liberalism is a domestic theory. Transposed to the international plane, liberals share a common framework or zone of peace with fellow liberals, where they very according to whether property or welfare should guide international preferences and whether the risk of isolation are greater or less than those of internationalism. Foreign policy analyses strive to account for these patterns by focusing on whether individual rights, domestic commercial interests, or a more complicated combination of both, together with republican institutions and international perceptions, shape policy. Moreover, liberalists agree with the realists that states exist under anarchy, but they disagree as to the nature of anarchy. Unlike the realists, liberals do not assume that international anarchy is a state of war – a time wherein, in Hobbes’s phrase, “the will to contend by battle is sufficiently
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