Concept Of Manipulation Theory

1581 Words7 Pages
3. Theoretical Framework Since Lefevere put forward the manipulation theory, a great number of scholars and researchers have begun to apply it to news translation. According to the previous studies both at home and abroad, the manipulation theory has proven to be both workable and effective in explaining political news translation. Before applying the theory to the selected examples to be analyzed, it is necessary for readers to have a general idea of the origin and development of manipulation theory together with the notions of this theory. 3.1 Origin and Development of Manipulation Theory Since the 1970s, the focus of translation studies has shifted from the linguistic level to the cultural level on account of the emergence of “cultural turn”…show more content…
Toury clarified that the recipient culture, or a certain part of it, which works to determine what to translate and how to translate. Hence, translators are supposed to function in the interest of culture where they are producing translations, but not in the interest of the original texts or the source culture. In addition, he added that culture refers to the whole social context in which the translation takes place, together with criteria, ideology, values and convention of the recipient system. In 1990, Bassnett and Lefevere officially put forward the concept of cultural turn in their volume Translation, History and Culture in which the cultural turn is the key concept and the concept of culture takes on a wider sense. Later, based on the precious studies and findings, André Lefevere put forward the concepts of “translation as rewriting” and “rewriting as manipulation” in his book entitled Translation, Rewriting and The Manipulation of Literary Fame. He stresses that translation is a kind of rewriting, indicating all rewritings, whatever their intentions, reflect a certain ideology and poetics and manipulate literature to function in a given society in a given way. After we get familiar with the origin and development of Lefevere’s manipulation theory, this thesis tries to expound the notions of this…show more content…
The latter concept is influential in the selection of themes that must be relevant to the social system if the work of literature is to be noticed at all. In its formative phase a poetics reflects both the devices and the “functional view” of the literary production dominant in a literary system when its poetics was first codified. Once a poetics is codified, it exerts a tremendous system-conforming influence on the further development of a literary system. (Lefevere, 2010: 26) He also thinks that the functional component of poetics is obviously closely tied to ideological influences from outside the sphere of the poetics, and generated by ideological forces in the environment of the literary system (Ibid:
Open Document