Current literary criticism is affected by and reveals the beliefs of our times in the same way that literature reflects and is reflected by its own historical contexts. Mikics(2007) notes that Foucault’s idea that structures of thought shape everyone and everything within a culture did influence New historicism as a literary
What is literary criticism? Literary criticism is a " method that used to study , discuss, evaluate and interpret literary works including its classification by genre , analysis of structure , and judgment of value", (this definition was by Professors Karl Beckson and Arthur Ganz). The different school of literary criticism will provide us with lenses which ultimately reveal important aspects of the literary work. Each lens is sensitive to a point of view, symbol, tone, irony, and other literary techniques, but each also casts those elements in a special light. Each lens will raises its own types of questions and issues , and therefore each approach will has its advantages and disadvantages .
Foucault says that, once we assume the idea of "author" as an individual creator, what do we think by "work". Foucault realized writing as interplay of signs arranged less according to its signified content than according to very nature of the signifier. As Foucault wrote: “that today’s writing has freed itself from the theme of expression”. He said that a writer's individuality is removed by writing, and with this idea he turned the literature into discourse because we see "author," as the function of language and become a part of the structure of texts. As he claimed: “Perhaps it is time to study discourses not only in terms of their expressive value or formal transformations but according to their modes of existence.
This essay will account for my personal language poem within the wider constitution of Socio-linguistics. It will draw on Rosina Lippi-Green’s, “English with an accent” chapter one ,( Lippi-Green, 1997), with emphasis on two specific arguments that I intend to focus on, namely; ‘The relationship between ones language and social identity’ and ‘who claims authority over language decisions’, (Lippi-Green, 1997). This essay will also account for various themes of language, namely; ‘the mixture of ones language in relation to social constructs’. This is accentuated in the language poem on an individual account, however it is also a largely universal theme concerning language. These themes will also be placed on a more systematic timeline of language,
“Representation connects meaning and language to culture” (15). It is key to understand the importance of representations role, and how essential it is when understanding communication. In Hall’s “The Work of Representation Discourse and Power,” he discusses the different theories of how language’s representation reflects society. While briefly going over the reflective and the intentional approaches, he spends most of his time breaking down the constructionist approach. Then the constructionist method is comprised of two variations, the semiotic and discourse.
The Traditional / Conventional approach to the teaching of literature in English leads the study of literature to frozen state. The traditional approaches talk about the past glories, histories and imaginative stories. In order to make the literature study more scientific and realistic, the comparative approach may help the culture cross students and research scholars. Gerald Gilespie claims that comparative literature is a new form of literary criticism employed in all form or trends such as structuralism, deconstruction, semiotics, and psycho- analysis and so on. Again he proclaims that “Comparative analysis” is a two way flow is resulting from already established efforts at building bridges to Non- European traditions.
Nevertheless, it has been stated that this framework undertaken by the BFI is extremely valuable in developing an understanding of the media and the communication process. It is a descriptive framework which not only seeks to examine the media institutions concerns but also society’s questions. Further, it helps to define the significant phenomena that are encountered in media study, questions typically asked about the media, or topics that are frequently discussed. Thus, while these questions may not be all encompassing, they help to create a foundation upon which further discourse can be encouraged
This literature review examines the many aspects of media biases and the effects it may have on a variety of different social groups and issues. According to Kellner, the study of culture is valuable because it enables one to read and interpret one’s culture critically. Kellner encourages a multiperspectival approach that includes, discussing production and political economy; engaging in textual analysis; and studying the reception and use of cultural texts. He goes on to explain that it is important to analyze cultural text within their system of production and distribution referred to as the political economy of our culture. Also, he believes that close textual reading examines the meaning of the text in not only written words, but also in visual and other non-verbal cues.
Introduction A theory is a suppostition of a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained. However, for education, a theory is an umbrella term that is being comprised of a number of theories, rather than just a single explanation of how we learn or should teach. In this case, contemporary literary theory is a collection of theoretical approaches that mark various premises. As for feminist/gender theory, it is easily malleable and influenced by society’s ideas about what it means to be male or female in their culture. Therefore, these are two specific theories that can uncover and explore these ideologies that can be seen throughout literature allowing students to have a better way to analyze a text and gain knowledge in doing so.
Bakhtin school characterized language or discourse to be a social phenomenon. Voloshinov who linked literature to the social and economic platforms, went on further to ascertain that “words are active, dynamic social signs, capable of taking on different meanings and connotations for different social classes in different social and historical situations”. It was too early to talk about sociolinguistics at the time of a pre stage for structuralism and De Saussure’s dichotomies sign and signifier, and synchronic and