Concept Of Nazim Hikmet

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Nazim Hikmet And Concept of Humanity in His Works Dr. Zekai Kardas Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu Language and Literature, Istanbul University ABSTRACT One of the most important figures in 20th century Turkish literature and one of the first Turkish poets to use more or less free verse. Hikmet 's works were widely translated both in the East and the West during his lifetime. However, in his home country Hikmet remained a controversial figure due to his social criticism. Spending some 17 years in prisons, Hikmet once called poetry "the bloodiest of the arts. Because of Hikmet’s amazing grasp of the world affairs and his prophetic vision, his works reflect the period in which they were written and what is awaiting for the humanity in the future. Nazim Hikmet has a unique place in Turkish literature with a record number of poems translated into English. Moreover, his works have been translated into more than 50 languages both throughout his lifetime and since his death in 1963. It is with these translations that Hikmet’s poetry has been introduced and reintroduced to different literary systems at different world-historical points. Hikmet combined Turkish traditional poetry with avant-gardist trends, and deeply influenced Turkish literature in the 1920s and 1930s. His own passionate poetic voice Hikmet found in his twenties. He proclaimed that "the artist is the engineer of the human soul." In 1936 he published one of his most famous works, The Epic of Sheikh

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