Along with these specific theories there are other external factors in the offenders environment that can contribute to the abuse such as: stress, society demands and drug and alcohol dependency. Abusers who perpetrate domestic violence, do so to control their victims, and in order to maintain that control they threaten the safety of the victim. Although there is no justification for their behavior, there are theories in which can help us to understand exactly why and what reasons drive these people to abuse the people they claim to “love.” Culture of Violence Theory The Culture of Violence Theory is the idea that in large societies, some subcultures have developed the norm of physical violence.
The groups or individuals involved then comes into conflict to attain the most of these resources, which brings forth hostile behaviors among all those actively involved in the conflict. • Value conflict is concerned with the varied preferences and ideologies that people have as their principles, these can be very different depending upon the background of each individual and the kind of environment on has been prone to. • Power conflict occurs when the individuals involved intends to maximize the influence they have on the other groups or the society as a whole. Power Conflict is a major contributor in interpersonal conflict and can happen between any 2 individuals, groups or even between 2 nations when they share some common interests. In other types of conflict, power is also evident as it involves an asserting of influence to another.
Type 1 terrorism or what Lizardo and Bergesen termed as ‘terror in the core’ is perpetrated by core actors against core government organizations (Bergesen et al. 2003, 163). These core- based terrorist organizations have ideological grievances against a particular core government (Bergesen et al. 2003, 166). This means that the perpetrators of this type of terrorism stand against the present state organizations in the core which they usually see as too corrupt and does not respond to the people’s needs and grievances as citizens.
The supporting evidence given by the author about the political risks is political instability and uncertainty. It is relevance because political risks may arise from the changes in governments which bring the changes in policy, interest rates and regulations that can prove harmful to foreign business and investment. Besides, political risks may be caused by actions of legitimate government like control on prices, currency, outputs and activities. It may also result from incidents which are outside of government controls, for example war, terrorism, labor strikes, revolution and others. In addition, another supporting evidence stated by the author about the political risks in the article is an increasingly trend towards economic nationalism
A violent conflict involves at least two parties using physical force to resolve competing claims or interests. Violent conflicts may occur among individuals or groups not affiliated with a government and usually involve more than one confrontation. The different types of violent conflict include the smaller scale conflicts such as blood feud and gang wars, struggles such as insurgencies, which is the rebellion against a constituted authority, terror campaigns and genocides. However, the most well known type of violent conflict would be war. Beliefs can be defined as confidence in the truth or existence of something not immediately susceptible to rigorous proof usually an in the context of ideology, religion or philosophy.
This theory is a framework that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change. Sociologists using the social-conflict approach look at ongoing conflict between dominant and disadvantaged categorized of people. The rich in relation on to the poor, white people in relation to people of color, and men in relation to women. Typically, people on top
Van Dijk (1993b) affirms that Critical-Political Discourse Analysis clarifies “the reproduction of political power, power abuse or domination through political discourse, including the various forms of resistance or counter-power against such forms of discursive dominance (p.11). Consequently, social and political bias results from this domination. Van Dijk (1997) points out that political discourse is the discourse of politicians and it is about such politics. He also outlines his definition of political discourse and its many sub-genres as follows: 1) It is a class of genres defined by a social domain, namely politics. He delimits the political properties that differentiate political discourse from other forms of discourse, such as political field, political system, political ideologies, political institutions, political organizations, political groups, political actors, and political process.
From the micro, interpersonal level through the groups, organisations, communities and nations, all human relations which can be social relations, economic relations and relations of power that can be growth, change and conflict. Main reason of arising of conflict are from imbalances in these relations that is unequal social status, unequal wealth and access to resources and unequal power leading to problems such as discrimination, unemployment, poverty, crime. Each level connects to the others, forming a potentially powerful chain of forces either for constructive change or for destructive violence. Some of the causes of conflict are: -unmet needs for economic resources or the perception that economic resources are not distributed fairly. -unmet needs for safety, respect, participation in social life or a perception of unjust relationships.
There is a wide array of reasons why that happened, ranging from the evolvement of industrialisation and social structure, the development of legislation, economy and more importantly, technology and social media, which are the key reasons that add to the decay of the thickness, enrolments and impacts of the Trade unions in Britain. The accompanying quickly recording the absolute most determinant components and transformative changes that have prompted the Trade union decrease, which will be talked about with more subtle elements in the following segment. Firstly, political elements, which is particularly the administrations demeanour towards Trade union membership and the privatisation of businesses, has changed a considerable measure and is of the most determinant components that added to Trade union decrease. For instance, following mid-1980s, the administration has presented enactment that has made Trade unions weaker (e.g. finishing shut shops, banning auxiliary picketing).
 But just counting fatalities is a crude and irrational way of gauging the impacts of terrorism on our societies. They go far beyond it’s actual victims. A fuller picture tells that effects of terrorism are related to psychological, economic, political and sociological arenas, all put together. It affects all of them. Most of the discourse related to terrorism today is aimed at analyzing terrorism as a strategy and tactic, with counter- terrorism as a goal.