Concept Of Racism In South Africa

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Introduction
The endeavour behind this assignment is to identify racism with emphasise on its behavioural, motivational and cognitive features. Identifying the different types of racism and looking at the history of South Africa and thus identifying solutions. The concept of reconciliation goes hand in hand with racism as it is a tool which aids as rehabilitation from our unfortunate past. To aid reconciliation, respect should be re-taught and bestowed in our everyday lives.
Body
Racism comprises of both prejudice and discrimination based on social perceptions of biological differences between people. According to the SACP (South African Communist Party), racism is referred to as negative attitudes held against other individuals belonging
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According to this approach the racist individual not only prefers his own race but aims to oppress and assert his superiority on individuals belonging to a different race other than his own.
Cognitive Approach
This definition of racism stems from historical predilection. “Unequal consideration out of a belief in the inferiority of another race.” (Nzimande, 2000) suggests that the problem of racism in South Africa can be associated with the problem of a class-based society. Dating back from the early days of colonialism to the present day, the evolution of institutionalised racism (apartheid) strongly impacts our cognitive psychology on perceptions about other races.
Types of racism
• Racial discrimination
Discrimination based on race for the purposes of differential treatment. A study conducted in 2004 by the University of Chicargo by Marianna Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan found that there is a vast discrimination in the work place towards applicants whose names are merely perceived as “sounding black”. These applicants are 50% less likely than other applicants perceived as having “white sounding names” to be recalled for
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None-white South Africans were forced to move to segregated townships through the Group Areas Act 41 of 1950 which was enforced by the Apartheid government.
After 20 years of democracy South African’s (both Black and White) are still unlearning the ways of the Apartheid regime. Solutions
Racism is a concept closely related with a lack of respect for individuals of a different ethnic background and one of the first steps towards rehabilitation is to restore mutual respect between individuals of different ethnic backgrounds. The South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established by, the later former president of the Republic of South Africa, Nelson Mandela and is currently moderated by Archbishop Desmond Tutu aims to divulge and disclose past wrongdoings by the Apartheid government in efforts to alleviate conflicts left over from the Apartheid years.

“How do we stop racism? Stop talking about it. I’m going to stop calling you a white man and I am going to ask you to stop calling me a black man.” -Morgan

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