The American Heritage College Dictionary defined Racism as the belief that race determines the human character and the human ability. To me, racism is done or committed when one believes that one race is superior to other races. It brings division to races because of the issues and conflicts on who is to be the one who is superior and who is the one to be inferior. Racism in the form of discrimination is still grows and prevails in the society today. According to Avila (2014), the separation of people through a social division into some aspects for the purpose of discrimination but are not necessarily related to races is considered as Racial Discrimination.
The definition of racism is a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race (Webster 1828). Racism exists due to one ethnic group seeking to dominate, exclude or eliminate another ethnic group based on differences or superiority. Racism is an issue that causes division, wars, deaths and rifts between neighborhoods, countries etc. It is because of racism that some ethnic groups live in fear or are anti-social due to the atrocities suffered by this phenomenon. The concept of racism through studies is believed to have begun with the enslavement of Africans in the sixteenth century (Benedict 1940).
Apartheid was an ideology for the segregation of distinctive racial groups that was introduced in South Africa in 1948. At first, its aim was to have an “equal development and freedom of cultural expression,” (South African History Online, 2017). However, the Apartheid established a social system that forced people of different colors to live and develop separately instead. It undoubtedly impaired the blacks, which took up most of the population, only because they didn’t have the same skin color as their rulers. The Apartheid was developed for several reasons, the major influence was the ideology of racial dominance and fear.
Racism has deep roots in American history. Slavery, segregation, and unnecessary police charges are just a few examples of racism. But, why does racism exist? Many people believe that their race and ethnicity is superior than others, and that those who are “different” are inferior. Those who are considered, “inferior,” have to be treated differently, which results in unfairness and discrimination.
Racism is a cultural bias pertaining to the belief that there is a distinct human race and that one race is superior to another. Developed by Europeans to justify their enslavement of the ‘Others’, they have maintained racial tendencies and attempts to dehumanize colored people as ‘savage’ and uncivilized to support their inflicted maltreatment of them. Racism is real. Though many strides have been made in efforts to exact the devastation imposed on colored peoples’ dignity and rights to liberty, communal relations remain stained. Just as we live in a world where even visas have varying values, discrimination has become an undeniable reality – hindrances to playful world traveling.
For example, it is crucial to establish race as a political category because it is essential to fighting racism (5). Racism is connected to colonialism and slavery by the creation of racial hierarchies. Whites, from Europe felt threatened by blacks, and therefore they created a racial ranking which allowed them to be superior which led to the construction of slavery during the colonial period. The ideology that whites were superior became a reason to why racism was explicitly introduced during the colonial period in which slavery took
The oppression of black people according to Fanon deals with psych-analytic theory to show the dependency of black people. The work by Fanon explains the divided state of black subject’s mind that constantly faces the divide. These black subjects are devoid of any true identity or self-esteem. Thus these natives in the white world are now ready to embrace the culture of Europe. It produces an inferiority complex so they in a white world become abnormal, because their self is denied to them and moreover depicted as villains by whites in their magazines, papers and cartoon forces blacks to internalize their inferiority.
Is Heart of Darkness Racist? Racism is defined as “a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human racial groups determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one’s own race is superior and has the right to dominate others or that a particular racial group is inferior to the others” (Dictionary.com Unabridged, n.d.) Using this definition, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, as a whole, does not condone racism, but rather condemns it. Anyone who has read the novel clearly knows that this novel contains racist elements such as the cringe worthy descriptions of native Africans. However looking past the surface of the book, one will recognize that the underlying message this novel gives about native Africans is positive, not derogatory. Hence, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness contains ideas that redeem itself from its inclusion of discriminatory aspects, proving Chinua Achebe’s claim of it being an “offensive and deplorable book” (Achebe, 1977) false.
The racial divide and inequalities system became much worse, in 1953, when the government passed what is known to one of the most offensive laws in South Africa’s history, the Bantu Act (South African History Online, 2011). The main purpose of the Act was enforcing and legalizing segregated educational facilities and to protect and maintain the “cultural and social way of life” for white people while denying non-whites the same educational opportunities and resources enjoyed by white South Africans” (Overcoming.msu.ed). This also degraded the history, culture, and identity of black people through an educational system that promoted racial stereotypes and myths through its educational resources. The Bantu act led to the closure of most missionary schools which were neglected by the government, whereas white schools were well looked after and financed (Fiske and Ladd, 2004). Most mission schools closed by choice
What 's racism? Racism is the belief that an exact race is superior or inferior to another, that an individual 's social and moral traits are predetermined by way of his or her inborn traits or in different words the belief that each one individuals of each race possess characteristics, skills, or qualities specified to that race, in particular in order to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. Racism has many types such as racism towards other religions and other ethnicities but essentially the most noted style of racism is the racism against colored people. And there are three most important factors to why racism towards colored folks occurs and they are ignorance, fear of loss and displacement and finally the people’s desire to feel superior. Starting off with the first cause which is ignorance, what continues racism is ignorance in the world.