High levels of psychological well-being were observed in individuals who provided emotional support for several people; felt a civic obligation; expressed generative concern; described themselves as a generative resource; and those who possessed personality traits associated with generativity (Keyes & Ryff, 1998). Consistent with McAdams, de St. Aubin, and Logan (1993), participants of all ages expressed aspects of
Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behaviour (FIRO-B) Introduction Interpersonal relationships exists primarily between two or more individuals. It is moreover, a social connection which is based on love, solidarity and regular business interactions or in some other social settings. People involved share their thoughts, feelings, influence each other and engage in activities as well. Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation (FIRO-B) is explains interpersonal relations. William Schutz (1958) explained that when people get together in a group, there are three main interpersonal needs they are looking to obtain – affection/openness, control and inclusion.
However, in social work, communication has been attached with utmost importance to social work. Communication and social work are interrelated entities which get interlocked most of the times. There are researches and firsthand experiences that highlight the importance of communication skill in social work, but, it can also be understood with simple arguments and discussion. As, it is fact that social work has direct contact with society and its members, so in the course of helping them with any issue or difficulty, it becomes highly important to use communication in accurate and effective way. The right use of communication will accelerate the process of improvement and faulty or ineffective communication will produce opposite results (Massat et al,
Macro practices goes beyond individual interventions, but are often based on needs, problems, issues, and concerns. Rothman, Erlich and Tropman 2008, identify three areas of intervention, communities, organizations, and small groups. Noteworthy, macro social work teaches workers how to conceptualizes social problems and their solutions on a continuum from micro practice with individuals, to mezzo practice with families and groups to macro practice which interacts with institutions, communities, and society at large. These three categories determine the scopes of practices for social workers. According to Jansson 2011, Social
By related the Wilber’s work which are All-Quadrant-All-Level, the four quadrants which are “I”, “It”, “We” and “ Its”, indeed it provide different framework for social worker to view the problem of service users. These four quadrants represent the aspect of reality interactions between person and their environment, and how it evolves together as well as helps social worker to understand the interaction between the interior and exterior of the individual within their social relationships with others and their environment. Main
Social Bonds are made up of four parts -Attachment (emotion), commitment (reason), involvement, and belief. (Bates, Lecture
These communication approaches may also include readings, attending talks and workshops, reflection, and participation with groups such as the consciousness-raising groups (Haraway, 1988). The unique contribution of standpoint theory is that it facilitates inquiry from the perspective of the insiders (i.e. women and girls) rather than external categories of professionals or ruling elites (Harding, 1991). The guiding principles of standpoint theory are organized in three elements: 1) authenticity and authority, 2) the client as agents, and 3) reflective awareness, analysis, and consciousness raising (Sosulski, 2014). First for authenticity and authority, the clients ' awareness of their social location grants
Modern critical social work emerged in the late 1800’s and has continued to be shaped and altered until present day (Healy, 2014). Although each social work perspective contains differences, Healy (2014) has identified four common discourses that unite the modern critical social work perspectives. Firstly, she identifies the dedication of social work professionals to work collaboratively with populations who are oppressed (as cited in Leonard, 1994). Secondly, modern critical social work perspectives recognize power differentials that occur within all relationships, especially the relationship between social workers and service users. Thirdly, these perspectives acknowledge broader systems’ influence on both individuals and social workers (as
However, several literatures have highlighted a number of process used when conducting community assessment, but this paper points out the four processes of conducting a community assessment which includes the following: (1) scanning the community to locate existing information, (2) developing a family focus, (3) identifying community assets and their accessibility to the people who can benefit from them, and (4) analyzing the information obtained through the first three steps (Foster, D., 1994). Lastly, community assessment has two major goals that aim to understand the gaps or needs and their associated impacts upon the community members. Secondly, community assessment aims to develop a detailed analysis of community assets, or resources including organizations, people, partnerships, facilities, funding, policies, regulations, and a community’s collective experience, that currently exist in the community and can be used to help meet community needs (Bruner, C. et al,
According to Hall & Hall (1996), Context is defined as the information that surrounds an event and it is inextricably bound up with the meaning of that event. There are four context of communication in the interaction such as physical, cultural, social-psychological and temporal context. Physical context is the tangible or concrete environment, the room, park, or auditorium. The physical context of the interaction is happening at a briefing or meeting room, where Marshal Pentecost wanted to see Raleigh Becket and Mako Mori. Besides that, cultural context involves the lifestyles, beliefs, values, behavior, and communication of a group.