Trains have pre-established routes that have to be followed. The railway network is mostly used by local tourist however in countries like Europe and America tourist continue use trains for long-distance routes and high speed services such as state to state travel etc. Due to high technology advancement in these areas ;whilst other countries convert rail ways as a mean to carry loads etc. . Example Jamaica only use trains as a mean to move bauxite from one area to the next , additionally other countries have converted train and rails as a part of their tourism product (as historic viewings
State-promoted tourism established an economic setting in which cultural forms are readily packaged as market commodities. Local people participate in the tourist industry out of economic necessity and/or political pressure. (Edited by Michel Picard and Robert E. Wood. Tourism, Ethnicity, and the State in Asian and Pacific Societies,1997: University of Hawai’i Press p.218 ) After declined of tin-mining era, state conducted direction of economic development in Phuket province. Turn the tin-mining town to tourism destination.
In addition, the Grand Tour brought the rise of elegant hotels which were created to host the elite while they were on their travels around the world. Another major event occurred in the last half of the 17th century where the popularity of spa towns took a significant increase. After hearing of the minerals in the water associated with medicinal purposes, the ill who believed soon sought remedies at these spas and were later joined by persons who travelled there for pleasure and recreation after these facilities were added to the spa
FROM THE BEGINNING OF 1900 TO OUR DAYS Until the first half of 1900, going on holiday was an experience belonging to a privileged class, something that only few could afford. In the 50s-60s, the economic growth and the evolution of means of transport made going on holiday something accessible to a broader range of the people. Back then, the typical tourists were travelling to the same places, at the same time and to do the same things, because there wasn’t that much choice. This type of tourist had not established preferences, it was predictable, driven by emulation and had not yet manifested any special needs. A time before the introduction of Internet, the consumer would visit a travel agency to review the tourist information, usually conveyed through the travel brochure, and select the options that most interested him.
Mass tourism can generate a lot of income for local areas. Hong Kong, Singapore, London, Bangkok, Paris, Macau, New York and Istanbul are some of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. These can be described as mass tourism destinations. (Hasan, 2016) There are various advantages of mass tourism and most of them are driven by economics dimension. It creates job opportunities in a lot of areas such as hotels, food, recreations and other service related industries.
Moreover, there are different types of tourism such as pleasure tourism, business tourism, nature tourism, cultural tourism, adventure and etc (“Types of tourism”, n.d.). According to the World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC), each types of tourism may provide diverse experience and moments for tourists. When compared to other departments, this department earned around 7.6 trillion dollars in revenues and was responsible for providing 105 million jobs to unemployed (Fuller, 2015). This clearly shows that travel and tourism departments has played an important roles in the
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY “ Welcome a tourist and send back a friend ”. Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. In the 21st century, tourism has emerged as a major economic driver throughout the globe, and it has been growing leaps and bounds. The growing demand for this smokeless industry is because of changing demographic characteristics of the people, changing life styles, increased disposable income, long leisure time, changing mindset of working class, advancements in transportation and rapid development of information technology. Innovation in the tourism destinations is also motivating the people to go for tours to enjoy their holidays.
Nowadays tourism has become one of the major social and economic phenomena that spread around the world and became part of our daily routine. Millions of people travel every day, internationally and domestically, with different intentions and motives. In 1987, Chadwick provided a simplified categorisation of travelling motivations that included three main headings: pleasure, professional and other purposes (Mason, 2015). The seeking for pleasure is one of the most prevalent motivation in contemporary tourism because people want to escape from the daily routine for leisure purposes of relaxations, spending time with loved ones or engaging with destination’s culture (Ryan, 2002). In recent years, the desire to explore other cultures has led to an increase in the number of cultural tourists.
Thanks to Tourism, people can travel farther and quicker to destinations that were once considered unreachable and inconvenient. The tourism industry is a diverse sector, which during the past decade, has shown growth and potential. This is evident by the fact that the International Tourist Arrivals has increased from 25 million globally in 1950 to 1133 million in 2014. Following world maps shows international tourists arrival in 2010: ROLE IN DEVELOPMENT Tourism Industry plays a very vital role in the development of countries. For many years it has been helping countries to portray a softer image to the world.
Introduction Tourism had become a social phenomenon as a result of people’s increased leisure time, rising disposable income and the development of more efficient transport, whereby making more countries accessible (Echtner & Ritchie, 2003). Based on the definition by World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), tourism can be defined as travelling from one point to another outside of the usual environment within one year. There are many reasons why people travel; such as for leisure, recreation, sport, education and business. According to the UNWTO Tourism Highlights (2015), travel for holidays, recreation and other forms of leisure accounted for just over half of all international tourist arrivals (53% or 598 million) in 2014. Recreational activities in tourism are often related to water-based tourism.