Cognitive Linguistics: Word-Formation Process In Language

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Among different kinds of word-formation process in languages, compounding is one of the main process which draw linguists attention due to multiple reasons. First of all, compounding accounts as one the most productive process (Dressler, 2006). Beside compounding could be considered as the fundamental word-formation process, because if we form novel words to communicate, compounds are the easiest and most effective way to transfer a new meaning (Leiben, 2006). Compounding as a basic humankind ability has some others properties which keep compounding on the primary and confirm a linguistic study on compounding. Such as sentences, much of the compounds segment easily to their constituents and have transparent meaning. Compounds, as a whole, could…show more content…
According to this view, language itself does not encode meaning; Instead, meaning is constructed at the conceptual level and linguistic units are just some prompts to construct meaning in the context (Evans & Green, 2006: 162). So, 'meaning construction' is a keyword in cognitive…show more content…
al, 2007: 6). Among different trends in cognitive linguistics which try to explore meaning construction in the mind of humans, Conceptual Blending Theory, also known as Conceptual Integration Theory is one of them. The theory, first proposed by Gill Fauconnier and Mark Turner (1998; 2002), is an approach deriving from two major tradition within cognitive semantics, i.e. Mental Space Theory and Conceptual Metaphor Theory (Evans & Green, 2006: 400). The pivotal affirmation of conceptual blending theory is that meaning construction involves integration of structure which gives rise to more than the sum of its constituents. By linking elements from Conceptual Metaphor theory and Mental Space Theory, Fauconnier and Turner had developed an integration network which allow to account for meaning construction and the emergent meaning. An integration network is an array of mental spaces that includes two or more input spaces, one generic space including common structures in all inputs and a blended space which contains selected aspects from each input space plus an emergent structure of its own (Taylor, 2002: 530). The emergent structure as the most important outstanding achievement of Conceptual Blending Theory, is the result of three blending processes: (i) composition which involves composing

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