Conceptualization Of Bandwagoning In Literature

1055 Words5 Pages
2.2 Bandwagoning: the understated strategic phenomenon Bandwagoning behavior was first established as the opposite to balancing (Waltz 1979: 126). However, the concept was later developed substantively in the literature, most notably the concept of ‘bandwagoning for profit’ (Schweller 1994). This section looks at the literature on bandwagoning, briefly reviews how bandwagoning strategy is defined and developed. 2.2.1 Conceptualization of bandwagoning in literature Attributed coining of the term to Stephen van Evera, Waltz (1979: 126) defined bandwagoning strategy as a surrender of self-autonomy to powerful states for better security. In his study of the development in Middle East politics in between 1957 to 1979, Walt (1987: 17) revised Waltz’s definition of bandwagoning as “the alignment of the source of danger” which the source of danger is threatening, not necessarily powerful. Walt further defines bandwagoning into two categories: “a form of appeasement” and “to share the spoils of the victory (Walt 1987: 21)”. Although Walt better explained what is bandwagoning, still, the definition is not satisfactory. Thus, I shall review several dimensions of bandwagoning strategy. Bandwagoning for security and bandwagoning for profit Scholars differentiate motives of bandwagoning strategy into two different reasons: for security, and for profit. A problem of Walt’s definition of bandwagoning strategy is whether states bandwagon voluntarily. Walt, in his later writing, admitted
Open Document