The rights under the UNRC are available to every child without any discrimination regarding the child or his parents. It is desired that all the actions and decisions concerning the child must be taken considering the best interest of the child. Every child has the right to life and to develop. The governments need to ensure the Childs survival and development. Every child has right to birth registration, nationality, name and to know and to be cared by parents.
It has already proved to be a success in many places around the globe and with more effort, the cases of child labor will greatly reduce. This will help children learn and create a good education foundation for themselves. Second, empowering poor people through knowledge and income generating projects would go a long way in reducing cases of child labor. Parental literacy also plays an important role in ensuring that the rights of children are upheld, and minors are not used as a source of labor. Empowering parents with this kind of knowledge can create a positive change in the society and encourage the shunning of child labor practices in communities.
Child labor is the term for children, below 18 years old who dedicate themselves to certain jobs. Child labor has close relations with the children exploitation of their energy, safety, health, and sometimes related to minimum salary. Most of those children are losing their play time or even their school time. They, who still under the appropriate age to work, should work hard like the adults did. Children are the young generation that haven by state who will bring the state into better future, so they should be prepared and directed from the very beginning to have a good physical and psychological conditions.
INTRODUCTION “Give me liberty to know, to utter, and to argue freely According to conscience, above all liberties”-----JOHN MILTON Student’s rights are fundamental freedom and the inherent rights of all human beings below the age of 18. These rights apply to every child, irrespective of the race, color, sex, creed, or other status. The essential message is equality of opportunity. All children should have the same rights and should be given the same opportunity to enjoy an adequate standard of living. Human rights apply to all age groups; children have the save general human rights as adults.
Introduction 1.1 Background: Unfolding the concept of inclusive education The field of special educational has undergone a tremendous transformation with the initiation of the inclusive movement and is characterised by constant changes and controversies in terms of policy and practice, as noted by Polat and Kisanji (2009). The Salamanca Statement and Framework for action on Special Educational Needs (UNESCO 1994) brought about a significant move towards inclusive education. It was designed as a part of the aim of achieving "Education for All," by which every child had the basic right to education. As a result, all participating nations had to adopt the philosophy of inclusive education and develop programs and policies or laws that paved the
In a battle of struggling against the economic exploitation of children, it is necessary to provide free education for the children and it should be made compulsory until certain level of education and also until they have reached the minimum age for entry to employment. In the preamble of United Nations Declaration of Right of the Child 1959 (UNDRC 1959), it declares that appropriate legal protection should be given to the children even before and after their birth as they need special safeguards and care due to their vulnerability. Thus, Principle 4 until Principle 7 of the UNDRC 1959 set the rights of the children i.e. a child is entitled to name and nationality, housing, adequate nutrition and medical services, recreation and education. Unfortunately, not all children are protected and can enjoy their rights as secured in the UNDRC 1959.
The quality of parenting style is very essential for children’s development. It will deeply and permanently affect children’s behaviors. In fact Haack (2014) suggest that corporal punishment helps to develop children’s moral. Children who come from strict family are more likely to be well mannered. However, there are some limitations and the result is not always be true.
Once people start making a distinction between ‘child labour’ and ‘working children’, the former becomes unacceptable but the latter becomes part of the process of socialization, thus discriminating against the girl child. A working child is defined in this paper as a child in the age-range of 5 to 15 years who are doing labour, either paid or unpaid and is working within or outside the family: basically, a child who is deprived of the right to education and childhood. What makes this definition important is that it makes it unambiguously clear that all out-of-school children are child labourers in one form or another. It does not make a distinction between children working in the so-called hazardous industries and
Article II, section 17 provides that the state must give priority to education, while Article XIV, section 1 guarantees that this education be accessible to all. Furthermore, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 (IDEA) is a federal law that requires schools to serve the educational needs of eligible students with disabilities. Its purpose is to protect the rights of children with disabilities and to give parents a voice in their children‘s education (Lee, 2014).
But the state may also make education compulsory up to a certain maximum extent. A statuate imposing compulsory for no one has any right to remain ignorant.2 The education of the children must necessarily be compulsory in the interest of the nation.3 The mind of the child is like a clean state and therefore it is essential that the child should be engaged in studying and should get little time for mischief that may lead to delinquency. “A child is the father of the man” and a future citizen. The state is therefore, under a duty to make provisions for education of children. Art.