Compliance with Health Information Management Laws and Regulations Introduction Privacy and confidentiality are the fundamental aspects of health information management. The most important thing in health information management is the assurance to patients that the information they share with health professionals shall be maintained with confidentiality ("HIM Functions in Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety", 2018). The absence of such assurances increases the likelihood of patients withholding critical information. Withholding of information in health management may lead to detrimental effects which include adverse effects on the quality, safety as well as the outcome of care. Due to the high level of risk associated with health information,
I. INTRODUCTION There are many definitions about Confidentiality and this word is commonly linked together with trust, respect of autonomy and privacy. One of the classic definitions; Confidentiality is a pledge or agreement that any off-the-record information shared by the patient will be protected against disclosure to a third-party, unless permitted by the patient, or in some circumstances, guided by the law or the primary involved parties. The confidential information is strictly discussed among health care providers only. The ethics of Confidentiality is highly recommended in the medical field.
In fact, the very first duties of a physician are to take care, protect, take reasonable actions of care, and be more cautious and careful while diagnosing or checking for diseases. Thus, when we talk about medical centres, we mean everything related to health care services like radiology, cardiology, and blood testing for example. These services should be carefully and responsibly provided. For our present instance, we will be more concerned with clinical negligence to the practice of radiology. As it has already been discussed in this paper, physicians are responsible for any clinical negligence that may cause harm or injury to the patient.
Many organizations and other regulatory agencies use JACHO’s safety goal program as the foundation to develop a “culture of safety.” Barnsteiner (2011), reported a “culture of safety is to lessen harm to patients and providers through both system effectiveness and individual performance (pg. 2). Organizations that promote a culture of safety are considered high reliability organizations. These organizations use a non-punitive approach to patient safety, focusing on “what went wrong not who did it.” The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses identify the following safety competencies that are needed to create a culture of
The purpose of transfusion is twofold: to improve the anemia and to suppress the ineffective erythropoiesis. Chronic transfusions prevent most of the serious growth, skeletal and neurological complications of thalassemia major (6). In spite of its vital role in saving lives and enhancing patients' lives, blood transfusion is associated with risks. Making mistakes in blood transfusion and insufficient control of patients who receive blood during the transfusion can lead to death in such patients (7). So, standards of safe blood transfusion must be developed and maintained to ensure a safe and rational approach in the use of blood transfusions in the management of these disorders, also careful consideration must be given to the associated dangers(6).
Providing training and tools for motivating employees to report any events that may result in actual or potential harm to patients. Measuring and evaluating performances to achieve a supported culture, (Spath, & Kelly). Prevent injuries, improve compliance, reduces injury cost, that would result in zero errors. To also provide resident with safe living environment, such as safe floors, food safety, walking rails, safe shower design. Check list for safe medication to prevent over dosage.
Confidentiality in health care has a dual aspect with it being both legal and ethical. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in USA have laws on how the patient information should be handled. The HIPAA Privacy Rule addresses the saving, accessing and sharing of medical and personal information of any individual, while the HIPAA Security Rule more specifically outlines national security standards to protect health data created, received, maintained or transmitted electronically, also known as electronic protected health information (ePHI). (What is HIPAA Compliance). Electronic health information systems also need to securely manage patient data to avoid breaches of privacy and security along with storing and transmitting this information across multiple systems.
Scholarly Paper on Use of Restraints In the Health care system it is important to provide best quality care in a safe environment and ensure dignity of care. So, interventions like using restraints on patient is necessary to ensures patient safety as well as safety of others. (Crozer Ketstone, 2009). “Restraints are physical, chemical or environmental measures used to control the physical or behavioural activity of a person or a portion of his or her body” (CNO, 2017). The extensive use of restraints is an issue of increasing concern in today’s nursing practice.
In the Health care system it is important to provide best quality care in a safe environment and ensure dignity of care. So, interventions like using restraints on patient is necessary to ensures patient safety as well as safety of others. (Crozer Ketstone, 2009). “Restraints are physical, chemical or environmental measures used to control the physical or behavioural activity of a person or a portion of his or her body” (CNO, 2017). The extensive use of restraints is an issue of increasing concern in today’s nursing practice.
An environment can predispose or help prevent illness. For example, if an illness is prevalent in a particular community, the state of the environment can aid in understanding the dynamics of the disease transmission. Also, the hospital environment can be a source of stressors to individuals in the hospital. Therefore, nurses need to ensure that the environment is safe and conducive for patients to receive treatment. Health is a state of wellness.
To begin with the ethical considerations include confidentiality, non-maleficence as well as consent. According to Brahams (1995), ethical issues that arise from the use of Telehealth involve the responsibility of healthcare professionals; patients confidentiality of their medical information; as well as issues of cross-border consultations (Brahams, 1995). Patient ethical