The North and South were quite different, so during the Civil war, each side had advantages politically, socially, economically, and demographically. One of the Advantages the North had was Political. The South seceded from the Union because they feared the end to slavery, so when they left the union they had no government. After all of the states seceded, they announced the creation of the Confederate States of America.
Breckinridge tried to support the Union, but as the succession happened, he acquired southern views. His home state Kentucky supported the Union, so Breckinridge’s commitment to his home state was questioned (“John Cabell Breckinridge”). He moved to Virginia and volunteered to join the Confederate forces, and he was expelled from the Senate. He served as a brigadier general and then was promoted to major general. He participated in the Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Stone’s River, Battle of Chickamauga, Battle of Chattanooga, Battle of New Market, Battle of Cold Harbor, and Jubal Early’s
In South, torn between the economic benefits of slavery and the moral and constitutional issues raised, and white Southerners grew more and more defensive. They argued that black people were incapable of caring for themselves. They said that slavery was a benevolent institution that kept them fed, clothed, and occupied. Most Northerners did not doubt that black people being inferior to whites, but they did doubt the benevolence of slavery. The Civil War changed the future of the United States.
After that that lead to the indian removal acts which was proposed by Jackson, the proposal was objected, but after debating the indian removal act of 1830 was passed, it required government to negotiate treaties which required native americans to move west. After the removal act it lead to the all so famous trail of tears. Whites invaded and the native americans had no other choice but to sign treaties all the other tribes agreed except the Cherokees since they wanted to protect their land from being destroyed by the Americans. Chief Justice John Marshall had said that only federal government, could make laws governing the cherokees, not the states. That meant that Georgia could make laws that applied to the Cherokees, but Jackson and Georgia ignored the supreme court and carried on.
Groups such as the Ku Klux Klan became prominent in the south. however, this was no longer something reconstruction could help former slaves with. Eventually, Hayes was elected after Johnsons’ impeachment and the Reconstruction era ended. The reconstruction ended in 1877 due to the Compromise of 1877 and the pulling of republicans alongside union troops out of the deep south. though the reconstruction attempted to unify the country back together as one by allowing confederate states into the union under strict conditions, and to help former slaves by granting basic human rights there were still many issues present throughout the
The cartoon depicts presidential nominee James Buchanan and Democratic senator Lewis Cass holding a freesoiler to the “Democratic Platform.” This is in reference to James Buchanan’s political campaign platform of the expansion of slavery, in line with the rest of the Democratic agenda. The election of 1856 was an American Presidential election held Nov. 4, 1856 in which Democrat James Buchanan defeated Republican John C. Frémont with 174 electoral votes to Frémont’s 114; also in the election featured former president Millard Fillmore who only received 8 votes (Pallardy). This election was an unusually heated campaign as it occured at the height of the pro-slavery and anti-slavery movement that had essentially split the country in half. Republican John C. Frémont condemned the Kansas-Nebraska Act, campaigning against the the pro-slavery movement and the expansion of slavery, while Democrat James Buchanan campaigned against the “extremist” Republicans whose victory he warned would lead to civil war.
Breen and Stephen Innes were the authors of Myne Owne Ground. With the history of slavery and how it has been portrayed in our society today: white, wealthy male owning African American people as labor for their land, owning and controlling their lives, it is easy to think that slavery has always been there and it was almost unavoidable. Breen and Innes argue something completely different. They argued that both races could live together in peace and unity. The authors used examples of Anthony Johnson, an African American who was a slave and then became a successful land owner and farmer.
President Andrew Johnson had very lenient policies for Reconstruction after the Civil War, which allowed southerners from the Confederate states to enact restrictive laws against blacks. These laws were called “Black Codes”, and were primarily designed to restrict African Americans’ labor and activity even though slavery had already been abolished. The Black Codes took away rights from African Americans that were guaranteed to them by the Fourteenth Amendment. For example, some states had laws that required African Americans to sign labor contracts each year and if they refused, they could be arrested, fined, or forced to work without pay. According to the fourteenth amendment, this was not allowed.
In 1868, the Republican party went further and called for a Fifteenth Amendment that would prohibit states from denying the vote based on race or previous condition of servitude. In 1890, Mississippi initiated new methods to prevent African-Americans from voting. Southern states reduced black voting by poll taxes, literacy test, etc. on August 6, President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act, which prohibited literacy tests and sent federal examiners to seven Southern states to register black voters.
Calhoun ordered General Andrew Jackson to lead the army from Tennessee into Florida, igniting was become the Seminole war.” Despite the decision to not attack the Spanish forts, in 1818 Jackson crossed into Spanish Florida from their encampment in South Georgia. His actions drew a strong political criticism from Spain, congress and the president Monroe. However, Jackson was a hero for most American. The only one that defense Jackson was John Quincy Adams.
Polls have been taken over a period of time only to receive similar percentages of answers. The percentage stays the very same over the years. Mainly, the outcome states that the flag represents southern pride mostly by over 50% every time, rather than the banner promoting racism. Originally born as a practical banner of the commanders of the Confederate Army in Virginia, the commanders of the south wanted a symbol to identify their cause and their troops to serve as their battle flag during the Civil War. After going through a few ideas they chose the first Confederacy`s National flag -The Stars and Bars- to serve as their battle symbol during the war.
The Civil War, a war between the North and Southern states in the United States Union, could not have been avoided. For almost a hundred years the United States has given themselves freedom from England and has created their own government from scratch, but one thing that has never been resolved throughout the United States’ history so far is the issue of slavery. There have been many actions throughout American History that led to the Civil War, a few of these may have contributed more though. On October 2, 1800 a future slavery activist was born, this child was Nat Turner.
The Mississippi’s black codes laws initially did replicate slavery, which of course is oppose to the Civil Rights. Documentation states, that African American were forbidden to use insulting gestures, nor could they own a gun nor preach the Gospel without first receiving a license. Children of color were then forced as “apprentices” until the age of eighteen. Furthermore, the “Address of the Colored Convention to the People of Alabama” shows the suffering and sacrifices, tramped upon the rights, and lack of trust in the Union for the African American’s future. They are anything but convinced that the right granted would be carried out.
Very soon after Lincoln died, and his Vice President Andrew Johnson was placed into presidency. The summer of 1865, Johnson focused on another plan for reconstruction without help and opinions from Congress. When Johnson invited people to read his course of action for reconstruction, he was the laugh of the South, and many state governments began to evade the laws. Thus, created Black Codes, which gave White Southerner 's supremacy to newly freed slaves.