Some conflict is mental whereas some are practical. Some conflict is occurring in individuals some are in groups. Generally when two parties or group 's are differ from their post, values, desires, goals, interests, preferences, and emotions then in this situation conflict arise. According to Coser "Conflicts involve struggles between two people or more people over values, or competition for status, power and resources." Conflict is related to human behavior, thoughts and views.
Although some argued that inter-group conflict occurs naturally, there are also other causes that might spark the conflicts between groups. These causes can be taken from different aspects which is economically, institutionally and culturally. All these causes may also lead to prejudice and often would cause discrimination. The Realistic Group Conflict Theory further explains that the goals between different groups and its individuals causes conflicts because every group feels that they have the urge to compete with the other group to obtain the goal. Muzafer Sherif conducted an experiment on this which is remarkably
They portrayed interpersonal conflict in a way that “the perceived needs and desires of two or more people or groups of people within a society appear to be incompatible and are believed to be in danger of being thwarted” (p. 60). In the light of my chosen conflict, it is easy to see that the interpersonal relationship I shared with my cousin became negative and therefore, provided a limitation to what was once a meaningful
You may feel pressured at times to change your values to those of others. Social pressures can come in any form, whether it be the comments, criticisms, attitudes and the emotions of people whom you are directly around who do not approve of a particular thing that you are doing (Scott, 1998). The most common social pressures include: Peer pressure
Relationships are formed through communication. However, there are instances when communication becomes complex and multifaceted, which is believed to be part of its nature. At some point, there are several instances wherein a simple miscommunication and misunderstanding can heavily bring down a relationship or complicates everything. This does not solely account for communication and its nature alone, as there are also several factors that can hinder effective communication, such as the simple noise. Moreover, the point of the matter is that communication plays a vital part for people from different cultures, personalities or race to get to know each other.
Conflicts happened because there are differences, diverse, and misunderstanding between people in social groups. According to Taquiri, conflict is a legacy of social life that may occur under various circumstances due to continuous disputes, controversies, and disagreements between two or more parties on an ongoing basis (Newstrom, 2014). Indonesia have so many difference and diverse among the people as I has described in the introduction above, this is the main reason for conflicts in Indonesia. Case example and the root cause Tolikara conflict is one of the examples of conflicts that happened in Indonesia. Tolikara is the name of a district in Papua, there
Unfortunately, conflict within a group is inevitable. Social conflict is a part of life. In every type of social structure, there are occasions for conflict, since individuals and subgroups are likely to make from time to time rival claims to scarce resource, prestige or power positions (211). Therefore, scare resources produce conflict in all types of social structures, although many of the social structures might respond quite differently, considering its structure. It all depends on the social structure and how much tolerance it has for the conflict.
Most of us are aware on the existence and the effects of conflict, yet, one can interpret the term ‘conflict’ in different number of ways. Conflict can be viewed by an individual, group or by an organisation as the incompatibility of goals that arises from opposing behaviours (Mullin, ), while Gray & Starke (1984) defined conflict as the inhibition of the attainment of goals from the behavior of a person or group. One of the early definitions of conflict was by American sociologist, Lewis Coser (1967) who defined conflict as the tension between some groups for which there are clashes in their values and interests. In addition, Thomas (2005) defines a conflict as a “disagreement in opinions between people or groups, due to differences in attitudes, beliefs, values or needs. In the business world, differences in such characteristics as work experience, personality, peer group, environment, and situation, all lead to differences in personal attitudes, beliefs, values or needs.” Hence, from the definitions mentioned above, it is obvious that conflicts cannot be define in just one practical way.
Asante (2011) declared that there are disparate interests and contrary views behind a conflict, which are revealed when people see a problem from their perspective alone. Conflict is an outcome of organizational intricacies, interactions and disagreements. It can be resolved by detecting and offsetting the formative factors. 2.2.2 Sources of Conflict Asante (2011) stated that conflicts
Introduction Inter group conflict has been a issue for a very long time. People from different groups have always seemed to develop conflict. Whether it is racial, age group, culture, religion, sex, gender, class or social group based, conflict occurs when two groups (in group vs out group) have opposing views on something and choose to express that view with it having a negative impact or prejudice view on the opposing group (Binder et. al., 2009). Does interpersonal contact improve relations among groups that are in conflict?