Conflict In South Sudan

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South Sudan is Africa’s first new country since Eritrea split from Ethiopia in 1993. This resulted from the people’s secession from main-Sudan through a referendum done in January 2011. Prior to this was also Africa’s longest civil war which started in 1955 when the southern armies mutinied. The conflict only ended in 1972 when the south was granted autonomy. But, in 1983, the south, led by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and its armed wing, the Sudan People's Liberation Army, again rose in rebellion when the Sudanese government cancelled the autonomy arrangements. At least 1.5 million people are thought to have lost their lives and more than four million were displaced in the ensuing 22 years of guerrilla warfare. Large numbers of South…show more content…
This implies the vastness of resources that the country has which greatly aids and is essential in the self-supporting, self-sufficing characteristic of a sovereign country. In addition, it is highly diverse ethnically and linguistically. Among the largest ethnic groups are the Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk (BBC News, 2011). Consequently, having diverse people helps in the conjunction and crossing of culture that keeps the thriving of new relations that is again important in visualizing societies. Unlike the predominantly Muslim population of Sudan, the South Sudanese follow traditional religions, while a minority are Christians (BBC News, 2011). South Sudan’s lack of a dominant religion should help it move forward and decide on national and international…show more content…
There is an absence of a commonly shared vision within the SPLM/A about the future of South Sudan. In addition, immediately after the independence of South Sudan, finger pointing started within the leadership, which resulted in a major rift. The leadership is seem to stray from what the purpose of their revolutions, rebellions was trying to accomplish. They are succumbed to greed, accumulation of private wealth instead of giving service to the people. In the aftermath of this rift, two major warring groups emerged: a government led by President Salva Kirr and a rebel group led by former Vice President Riek Machar (Maru, 2015). While several rounds of mediation have led to the signing of an agreement to cease hostilities, the fighting continues between President Kirr's forces and those aligned with Machar. Currently, the violence appears to persist along ethnic lines and has fuelled a vicious cycle of reprisal attacks against civilians (Maru, 2015). This major commotion is a big hindrance to the good potential of South Sudan to improve itself and achieve development. Some other little conflicts are happening inside that causes so much trouble and repressions of

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