Magical realism has become a popular narrative mode because it offers to the writer wishing to write against totalitarian regimes a means to attack the definitions and assumptions which support such systems by attacking the stability of the definitions upon which these systems rely. It is typical for books and essays on magical realism to begin by stating that the concept and its history are too complex to be able to provide a definition. Vonnegut’s Billy Piligrim in Slaughterhouse-Five represent a curiously American pragmatic expression of magical realism, a fatalist sense that its presence is part of the weight and inevitability of destiny. Perhaps in this way Vonnegut’s work
In his essay entitled “Islam through Western Eyes,” Edward Said criticizes the Western view of Islam, claiming that, since the Middle Ages, the Western world has had a flawed view of Islam. The author identifies the basis for this misleading image of Islam in the “imaginative geography dividing the world into two unequal parts.” According to this fictional geography, indeed, the world is divided into the Orient, which is seen as different and inferior, and the Occident, called also the West. Although this split is actually unreal for what concerns territorial borders, it created social and cultural borders that reflect the Western flawed view of Islam. Said blames the entire range of scholars and disciplines that deal with the Orient for encouraging
They do not serve the purpose of being resolved, they serve to provoke. Mr Blair uses these questions to illustrate how senseless the actions of the terrorists are and to promote the argument that behind this militant, fundamentalist form of Islam stands no logic. Linking these questions together in one whole paragraph as a scheme emphasizes and strengthens the argument by displaying these actions as no single incident, but parts of a dangerous, widespread, meaningless
Among other his well-known and most influential book of the 20th century is Orientalism, where he portrayed the biased and stereotype of the western scholars when studying the Islamic world questioning their misinterpretation of them. This is because orientalism is emerged during the period of European enlightenment which brings about the reasons of the West superiority over the East for a reason of European colonialism to make sense of the history when the East that are seen as different and need intervention and supported the Western colonial policy. To note that, the term ‘Orientalism’ is not invented by Said rather by those who studied or specialists about the Middle
But what these people fail to grasp is Kurt Vonnegut’s real intention. He tries to subvert practices such as pornography that dehumanize (254). Kurt Vonnegut deliberately uses flat, objective language like a social scientist. Pornography destroys the beauty of the human spirit. Kurt Vonnegut rediscovers new ideas in the paintings of Karabekian.
Scrutinizing Roth’s Middle East novel, the Counter-life, it becomes obvious that the book could be interpreted in two different ways. On the surface, the text gives an immediate impression that the author aims to introduce the Palestinian-Israeli conflict from a neutral perspective different from anti-Arab treatments advocated by pro-Zionist writers well-known in the American literary canon. Nevertheless, a contrapuntal reading of the novel provides evidence that writing can never be a neutral activity. Interpreting the Middle East conflict in terms that the West could easily accept, the author develops a narrative strategy through which the displaced Palestinian is either silenced or assigned a status of inferiority and decadence. In other words, the authorial attempt to create a Palestinian counter narrative of the Arab-Israeli conflict is totally undermined by a
He further elaborates that the increasing interaction between seven or eight civilizations and their basic differences will be the reasons of clash. The increasing interaction intensifies civilization consciousness and awareness of differences between civilizations and commonalities within civilizations resulting the widening differences between civilizations and alliance within civilization (Huntington 23). He also adds, the revival of religion for fulfilling the gap of weakened nation state identity by the process of economic modernization and social change will also play the role. Furthermore, a west in the peak of its power confronts non-west that increasingly have the desire, the will and the resources to shape the world in non-western ways through Asianization, Hinduization and re-Islamization (Huntington 26). Huntington further explains, cultural characterises and differences are less mutable and hence less easily compromised and resolved than political and economic ones.
Winston’s job is to alter newspaper articles to suit the party’s current regime, to make outer party members believe that what the party is doing is accurate. This shows us that the party is lying and that they are changing history for their own benefit. Winston finds hard evidence of this but ends up throwing it down the “memory hole” where it was incinerated. The party’s main focus is to establish complete totalitarianism over Oceania and by doing this it will destroy any concept of freedom. Therefore any person, who commits these thought crimes against the party, will be vaporized.
the only crime is pride” ( Teiresias 232). This quote is intended to hit Creon hard and show to him that he really is to into his beliefs and not what 's morally right. It explains even more how he is the one against religion and is creating his own in a way. The blind prophet threatens him by saying if he goes through with his plan and doesn 't straighten back towards a religious mentality that he will be the one to be severely punished for eternity. Creon later realizes he is wrong by saying "That is true.
One of important aspects of Orientalism is that the Orientalist often considers himself as an omniscient narrator that speaks who represents the Orientals. The so-called Oriental is considered incapable of self-representation as Karl Marx puts it: “They cannot represent themselves; they must be represented” (Hartley, 2003). The Orientalist can penetrate the heart and mind of his subjects and reveal his or her intentions, motivations, wills and thoughts. Don DeLillo takes the same approach through his use of narrative mode; he speaks authoritatively and negatively about the Orient in essentialist terms. He seems to recognize Hammad and his friend’s impulses and motivations as Muslim terrorists; he is also able to place himself in the position