Assignment No. 1: Response Paper 1 Question 2: There are various perspectives which can be useful in building hypotheses and theories to describe different aspects of the society. The most popular theoretical perspectives are functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. Amongst these, functionalism and conflict theory are the macro-approaches to describe a society, whereas, symbolic interationism is the micro-approach, which deals with an individual. Most of the functionalists relate the society to a living organism.
In conclusion, the four major theoretical perspectives described above can be said that structure functionalist would focus on what is common practice in a certain society and would analyze the function symbol used to interact and communicate in that society. Whereby, symbolic interaction try to determine how individuals of a certain society interpret the environment or what others have on the development of an individual self-image. Meanwhile, conflict theorist would look at the power differences between various groups of a society, where they come from and what effect they have on
(Ritzer and Stepnisky, n.d.) It gives us a point of view. According to functionalism society is basically a system of different parts that interconnect together in harmony to have a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole. It is not about the individual. Instead it is about the greater good of society. The greater good is a functioning society.
This technique focuses on the functional value of tasks in improving an individual’s deficits. ABA does not train non-functional skills, in line with the functionalist-behaviourist tradition. Functionalism’s concern for practicality and application has been influential for many psychological and behavioural
Functionalism has been criticised for supporting the misplacement of power throughout the classes. Critiques have questioned the necessity of class stratification for productive purposes. This stratification cannot act as an incentive because inequality is inherited, not earned (Wakeling, 2008). In order for inequality to be actually functional to society then there would have to be true free mobility between the social classes which we know is not true. The functionalist’s perspective of division between classes has also been criticised for perpetuating the position of the privileged elite who already hold power, prestige and money (Lockwood, 1956).
Deviance is a big concept in Sociology and understanding deviance, why it occurs and why we react the way we do to it is an essential part in understanding the norms of a society. Deviance is defined as, the violation of norms (rules or experiences) placed on us by society. In one of our articles The Outsiders (1963) author Howard S. Becker states that all social groups make rules and attempt to enforce them. He continues by saying that social rules define situations and the kind of behavior deemed appropriate. It is important to recognize that different social groups have different definitions of deviance.
This paper aims to analyze symbolic interaction theory, discuss its history, criticisms, as well as emphasizing the current social condition of gender inequality which relates to it. Communication is a vital part of everyday life and society. Communication is the exchange of
Christ died on the cross, so that we may have eternal life (exchange theory). Adoption into God’s family is immediate; however we still have to go through a process of re-socialization (sanctification), as we grow in our relationship with Him, so many of our old social constructions may still be with us after salvation (symbolic interactionism). The conflict theory describes the experience of evil and disruption, but assumes that people can save themselves and overlooks sin. In terms of a functionalist perspective, “our goal as Christians is to help make social structures more functional through redeeming the people within them. The groups in society are more likely to be functional in reaching God’s intended goals if they are populated by Christians who are actively seeking God’s will, both personally and in terms of the structures within which they work” (Radcliff
In order to explore the function of system and subsystem we need to use a different methods so that we can understand the function of the system in day to day basis. Theoretical Perspective Theoretical perspective is the different perspective of social world, with this theories are generated in order to give an answer to the questions of the social problem. There are three major theoretical perspective: a) the structural functionalist perspective b) the conflict perspective and c) symbolic interactionist perspective. a) The structural functionalist perspective The structural-functionalist perspective is largely based on the works of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. The structural-functionalist perspective