To understand social obedience, we first must look into the concept of conformity. “Conformity is the change of actions or attitudes caused by the pressure from some real or notional groups” (Song, Ma, Wu, & Li, 2012, p. 1365). In most instances of conformity, it comes from rational refection, but there’s always a possibility for irrational conformity. Rational conformity is when a person’s behavior is guided by reasonable thinking or judgment. “It occurs as a result of the influences exerted by the object’s behavior or attitude and includes abidance, compliance, and obedience” (Song, Ma, Wu, & Li, 2012, p. 1366).
Disobedience can be defined as failure or refusal to obey rules or someone in authority. Disobedience can also be defined as causing a disarray within society and causing a shift in social normals to more perfectly suit the conditions of a community at a given time, in the sense that it promotes the questions of poor social norms, and the change in our mortal standards and by the progressive though of one’s own mind. Oscar Wilde argues that it can allow society to progress and to allow science about different or certain topics to be broken or misplaced, and the way that it counter our social norms instead of disobedience leading to be a negative human and societal trait in our very way of life. He also argues about how disobedience can lead
Miller, through Judge Danforth was able to illustrate this individual corruption by his rigidity of purpose, one which we find difficult to sympathise with as he miss uses his power to punish the innocent, in order please the town’s majority. This Is clearly noted at the back end of Act III where he asks a series of short, sharp questions “you are a lecher”, “-do you deny it Mr Parris”, -you deny every scrap and title of this”, in hope the truth will come out. This is significant because he’s combining this illicit fear of the supernatural and political manipulation in order to get a well-regarded individual in John Proctor to confess to witchcraft. With him dealing with political absolutes “witchcraft is an invisible crime … who may possibly be witness to it?” leads to countless flawed and irrational judgements. Similarly in Millers context, he was able challenge 1950’s American humanity, by revealing the corruptness of HUAC members like Senator Joseph McCarthy.
Totalitarianism is defined by that it seeks to politicize every aspect of social and personal existence, rather than to just suppress political opposition (Heywood,2013:269). Other examples of totalitarian states are Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s USSR. Totalitarianism involves persistent ideological manipulation and open brutality as well as propaganda. Totalitarianism is seen as an oppressive form of rule and has many disadvantages such as the abuse of power. In the words of Lord Acton (1834-1902) “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” This leads to the exploitation of the population.
You don’t belong in this school anyway” (54). It’s clear that he thinks himself superior to Charlie. By calling Charlie a degenerate, and saying he doesn’t belong in the school, he establishes a difference between them, which to him, justifies the beating that he then gives Charlie. Overall, it’s clear that a sense of superiority and lack of awareness of the victim are two of many ways that people try and justify mistreatment of the intellectually
American Psycho can be argued to be a judgement on modern American society that has become built on consumerism and materialism.12 American Psycho is structured differently to that of a Clockwork in that, as it lacks order with some extent appearing with disconnection, such as Patrick’s musical reviews and his heavily detailed morning routines.12 Ellis through this creates a character like Patrick who is quite disturbing in that the lack of a real structure alludes that to the fact that he is always on the edge suggesting how he can be calm one moment and be violent the next. Ellis depicts a disturbing society that lacks no real order, portraying an alternative side of capitalism and consumerism, showing how violent and dehumanising it can be. Whereas, although the ordered structure in a Clockwork is surrounded by a thesis on human nature,12 it hints to corruption within society and how instead of solving problems, society leaves it to persist longer which causes further demoralization. The narcissistic figures in both novels, no doubt, depict the demoralization of
The evident presence of satire in Mankind is not only a predominant feature of this allegorical play, it likewise assists in portraying the constant struggle between good and evil. As satire is one of the key characters of the three vices, as an audience, we are fooled into sinning, as we join into the humour created through the vices’ act of ridicule and mockery. A clear example of this use of parody is in the well-crafted word play containing doggerel Latin ‘spadibus’(line 398), ‘headibus’(line 399) maintaining persuasive phonetics of Latin yet maintaining the core of the word in English, keeping the audience in on the obvious joke. Additionally to this, this evident use of mockery helps disregard Mankind and his attempts of spreading good
Nietzsche maintains that the slave morality portrays an inferior and descending form of life, owing to the fact that slave morality is retrogressive; it exults those qualities that are associated with their debilitating state of existence. The slave morality was perceived as an obstacle to human development, in view of the fact that it strives to bring all men to the same level through absolute and universal moral laws applicable to all men. This goes a long way in preventing people from developing into strong and powerful men, for the fear that such men will become dangerous and evil. Slave morality begins in those people who are weak, uncertain of themselves, oppressed and abused. Understandably, characteristics of those who fall under the slave morality often include being pessimistic, distrustful and sceptical.
He believed that “humans were created “bad” by their creator”, and were “condemned to live in a world where bad things happen” (The Enlightenment, 1650-1789, p. 6). The “three principal causes of quarrel” for man were competition, distrust, and glory. (Seminar #3: Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, p. 3). Competition was needed in order for man to gain power, distrust was necessary for him to feel secure, and glory ensured that he had a positive reputation. Man also lived in constant fear, and strong authority had to be imposed in order to “keep the peace, and ensure that people worked together to get something done” (p. 3).