Conflict Theory: The Main Causes Of Social Inequality

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The social inequality is a form of differentiation, in which the separate individuals, social groups, strata, classes belong to various vertical levels of the social hierarchy and have unequal life chances and opportunities to meet the needs. Generally, inequality means that people live in conditions under which they have unequal access to scarce resources of material and spiritual consumption. ‘Inequality’ is in itself used in a connection with a number of awkward economic and social problems. Assessment According to Emile Durkheim, the French sociologist and philosopher, as well as the founder of the French sociological school and structural and functional analysis, the main cause of inequality is the need to encourage those who are better in something. All societies have different occupations that are more or less respectable than others (LaCapra). For instance, primitive societies respected warriors and healers, whereas at the modern times the most respectful are the occupations related to the banks, business, engineering and doctors. The person that executes the significant function in the society has the maximum rate of prestige and wealth. The second reason of inequality is the differentiating level of the talent of the people. A talented person is most likely to be rewarded for his achievements. Therefore, from the perspective of the conflict theory, the cause of inequality is the defense of the government privileges, which means that who controls the society and
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