Confucianism And Daoism Analysis

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Ethics have a place in every society in the world. One will find a system of what is considered morally right and wrong regardless of the location or culture being observed. What does depend on location and culture is the nature of each ethical system. The way in which a society or culture views the world shapes its ethical system and determines which aspects of that system are emphasized. What happens, however, when two ethical systems are being introduced to the same culture at relatively the same time? Confucianism and Daoism both emerged in China during the Zhou Dynasty, and although there are similarities, there are also several differences in the values each philosophy emphasizes, as well as the methods used to enhance one to…show more content…
It was at this time that the aristocratic feudal system fell, and those who earlier had no chance to gain political power were now in a position to do so. Coinciding with the increase of opportunities for power was the increase of educational opportunities. In this state of political and social change, many new philosophers attempted to combat the chaos and disorder of society by spreading their own ideas of ethics and how people should act in their daily lives. For Confucius, this meant producing an ethics system in which the main goal was to create harmony within the state by adjusting the morality of the already powerful elite running the government, through values such as xiao, or filial piety. In the case of Daoism, the goal was to guide others in acting in accordance with the Dao in order to create a society in which all men naturally behaved in a way that was genuinely virtuous. The difference here lies in the method of each ethic system; Confucianism attempts to correct behavior through persuading others to follow certain virtues, while Daoism teaches that in following the Dao, one will naturally gain the necessary…show more content…
These values are rén, yì, lî, zhì, xì, and xiào or benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, honesty, and filial piety respectively. According to Confucius, one should constantly be making an effort to continue studying and cultivating these values in order to be an ethically superior person:
Confucius said, “The superior man does not seek fulfillment of his appetite nor comfort in his lodging. He is diligent in his duties and careful in his speech. He associates with men of moral principles and thereby realizes himself. Such a person may be said to love learning.”
In this way, self-cultivation is very important in learning and refining one’s virtues should he follow the Confucian

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