However, the teachings of Lao-Tzu explicitly states not only that the quest for knowledge is harmful, but that the sage “Leads people away from knowing and wanting,” and “Practices non-action and the natural order is not disrupted.”(Lao-Tzu 1993: 3). As a ruler, Gilgamesh did the opposite he is described as being “A violent flood wave, smashing a stone wall,” and as “tall, magnificent, and the terrible,” (Anonymous 1999: I.34, 37). Gilgamesh only changes his perspective on life as he wanders nature after the death of Enkidu. In my opinion, Gilgamesh’s transformation could be more impactful because he is able to apply the Taoist principles he learned from nature to the way he rules; however, we are left unknowing if he actually applies the
Militaries were different, cultural outlook was different; these were things that ultimately would affect each empire in the end. Each empire was established in their respective areas for approximately four-hundred years, having around fifty million residents. While the Han Dynasty was based off of the previous dynasties it primarily resembled the Confucian values talked about in the Analects. Pax Romana on the other hand had to do with establishing a sound government that could not be broken. Basically, Rome needed to fix its flaws.
There where many factors that led China to political unification in contrast to India. One factor is, dynasties such as the Zhou Dynasty who kept the same political system as its predecessors, where India had changed many things and continued to change political and social systems. India was very fragmented in political unification because, India was and still is a land of diversity. Ancient India was also not as organized as Ancient China in ruling. When the Zhou kingdom had started to end and break apart into many powerful states a “relativity young state of Qin located in the original homeland of the Zhou, emerged as a key player in conflicts”(p. 78) that would eventually bring down the Zhou Dynasty and give way to the Qin Dynasty where it was ruled with ruthless efficiency(p.79).
Imagine being put to death for reading. During the Qin Dynasty anyone who read something the government didn't approve of was either quartered, cut into four pieces, or beheaded. Qin Shi Huangdi was a major turning point in history because he succeeded in unifying the empire, standardizing the writing system, the monetary system, length measurements, which in doing ensured that he built a lot of infrastructure. He also implemented Legalism, the use of Legalism pushed the subjects to have large projects, those construction projects helped the big region prosper later. The Qin Army was the pinnacle of China’s technology during the years before 200 BCE, a way the Qin demonstrated their power was by conquering the seven warring and diverging states
However, the good will may depend on outside factors to bring about good in a person. Thus, I argue if Kant’s theory were true, it would be very difficult to be a good person as utilitarianism do not allow for acts that go beyond duty. Kant’s argument suggests that good will is the only thing good without qualification. First, Kant begins to distinguish between things that are good without qualification and things that are good only under certain qualified conditions. For example, gifts of nature such as understanding, wit, and judgement, or gifts of fortune such as power, riches,
In his eyes, the lack of nationalism was a result of the conflicting ideas of the old and the new. In an excerpt from “The Final Awakening,” when he describes “the intense combat between the old and modern current thought,” (Chen, 1), Chen describes the struggle between the old and the new. China’s traditional ideas and customs have been lost due to an overhaul of Western influence. If nationalism were to present itself again, citizens would have to fall back on their traditions. “Why should I reject the desires and influential elders, who are all a part of the people, to build a constitutional republic” (Chen, 1).
Mao’s rise to power was a result of favourable conditions resulting from both the failures of the Nationalist party (GMD) and the various successes of the Communist party (CCP). Before Mao was able to consolidate his power over China in 1949, he first had to become solitary leader of the CCP party which he accomplished through his effective use of propaganda, ideology, policies and use of force. Prior to this, China had been led by incompetent leaders and as a result of their actions, it experienced a weakness of political system, impact of war and various economic factors. Towards the beginning of the 20th century, the Qing dynasty which had ruled China for nearly two millennia, was on the verge of collapse. After the fall of the empire
By reading the history of the previous dynasties, he realized that the fading of each dynasty was caused by the fatuity of Emperors and the ignorance of unconscious tyranny. Listening to only one side and currying favor were the causes of the fatuity and ignorance of emperors, so he wanted his ministers to supervise him to do the right things and followed the Tang Laws. He encouraged all his ministers to give advice to build the country better and point out the mistakes he made in his dominion. This decision created the period of Zhenguan as a honest political period, because they could supervise the emperor, who was the core of the feudal government to do the right things, instead of blinding the eyes by his achievements. For instance, Emperor Taizong of Tang liked hunting very much, though he had declined the times of hunting after became the emperor, he would still do some huntings in several years.
Also caste system made a big trouble between different level people and brought something unfair. In ancient India, Caste system made the ancient India society orderly. The caste system as enforced with the help of law books such as Manusmriti and the support of kings who considered themselves as upholders of dharma. Caste system emphasize to human that everyone need to follow the high level human. No one can replace the ruler is a traditional opinion in ancient Indian’s brain.
Inspector Javert is a character whose personal philosophies may easily be related to ideas of other philosophers. As an inspector, he is working on the government’s side. While it is quite clear in the film that the government is not moral or ethical (to a certain extent), Javert feels that his job is extremely important and anyone who breaks the law is immoral and, in a sense, evil. Javert would agree with Jeremy Bentham’s philosophy that human behavior is controlled by imposing sanctions. Javert even tried controlling his own behavior by strictly following the law his entire life.