In ancient china there were two widely different philosophes being so excepted within the same culture. The two philosophes were Confucianism and Legalism. Confucianism was during 55 B, in China. Legalism was during 475-221 BC, also in China. Confucianism is a belief or an idea. The purpose of this was to show people how to be in harmony with their place in life. Legalism is a ruling made by Shi Huangdi, who was a strict ruler in china. The purpose of this ruling was to get the people of china to follow the rule, and if they didn’t there was a very harsh punishment. Although confucianism and legalism have some similarities, but the differences between the two are amazingly clear.
1 Daoism and Confucianism are both widely misunderstood in the Western culture. People who practice and follow Daoism are called Daoists; while, people who practice and follow Confucianism are called Confucians. The word “Dao” is equivalent to the word of way, path, and road. In which, the significance of the meaning refers to the Daoist’s religion of the natural way of life. On the other hand Confucianism originated as a Western term, in which it focuses on ethics and education. Both of these religion have both affected and been affected by the Chinese culture, in which the difference between the two religions differ from their point of views on the Dao and how to live it. 2In addition, it has been stated that Daoism does not have a single
Did you know that China had three philosophies? Their names are Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. These all have a big part in history.
Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). I believe that Daoism and Confucianism are both the top religions/styles of living in Ancient China, while they have some similarities they are much more different than they are similar. Both are not only ways of living but, they are a way of life.
The texts Dao De Jing by Laozi written and the Zhuangzi by Chuang Tzu both written between the 4th-3rd Century B.C. both give perspectives of Daoism in different themes. Dao De Jing presents Daoism in a beautiful and mysterious, while the Zhuangzi presents Daoism with anecdotes and paradoxes.
Currently, Japan is often known for having a very distinct culture, cultivated due to their relative isolation as an Island country. Indeed, many people reference the Tokugawa Edicts as the reason for this perception. However, while Japanese civilization is certainly a highly distinctive society, it also has strong ties to Chinese culture that began long before the Tokugawa era. In fact, as early as the first century A.D., the people of Japan were sending missions to China; they established a trade and tribute based relationship. This initial relationship gave way to the later Chinese influence that would shape Japan. From these encounters, the Japanese extended this influence to art, literature, and even government. Eventually, these influences
While the literal translation of dao from Mandarin is the “path or way”, from a general philosophical standpoint, the Dao is the way of life, the balance of the universe, and the natural flow of the world. From this definition there stem two main schools of thought on how to maintain this Dao; Confucianism and Daoism. While both of these philosophies define the Dao in a similar manner, each has its own unique characteristics imposed on the Dao and their conceptual idea of how to maintain this Dao are contradictory. The emphasis on the virtues that must be possessed to achieve the Dao have minimal overlap between the two philosophies even though they both strive for the same goal. While neither of these philosophies is necessarily correct, the
Confucianism and Taoism are religious and philosophical systems that provides ethical guidelines to the proper behavior of individuals and officials. Confucius teachings were of social relations, proper conduct and social harmony. Taoism indicated a way of thought or life that could be indulged in by only a few. In Confucianism members that believe and live by all the teachings will always do good and not go astray. They will not be envious of others and will always be in good harmony with one another. Good will prevail for all, and wealth and riches will be shared by all. In Taoism, teaching strives to find peace within self. Wealth and riches are found from within. In that one that has done their best, fulfillment comes from being content
Daoism and Confucianism were two major growing religions that became popular in East Asia, which spread to Japan and Korea. Daoism and Confucianism, even though they both are opposite of each other, they are valued in the East Asian society. Chinese people refer to their religious practice as worshipping and temples include images from “Three Teachings”. Archeological finds that elements of present Chinese religious ways are still popular and institutionalized, which were practiced long ago. Evidence show that people worshiped their ancestors. Their graves were lined up in rows with funeral offerings such as ornaments, pottery, and tools. Chinese people worshipped a variety of many things including spirits.
Another area where the two philosophies differ is in how they are handed down and taught. While both philosophies are centered on the knowledge and wisdom of a single teacher or master, they are presented in a variety of ways. Confucianism has a dialogic custom, lessons and teachings are presented as a dialog between the master (Confucius) and his students. Most of Confucian texts are simply recordings of question and answer sessions between mater and student, each with a specific lesson to impart. Daoism depends predominantly on the direct writings of Lao Tzu, its founder. The “Tao te Ching,” Daoism’s main text, is a series of speeches that are meant to be taken as a
The Warring States period was a time of vicious fighting that almost destroyed China. China was on the verge of tearing itself apart when people decided to do something about it. These people are the philosophers of China. They tried to find ways to bring harmony back to their beloved
The compatibility between democracy and Confucianism has long been a controversial topic since the first introduction of this idea from the west to China in the late nineteenth century. In my opinion, the definitions applied on democracy give great variation upon the results of the discussion of the controversy. According to Oxford Dictionary, exclusive means ‘excluding or not admitting other things’. As for democracy, I would like to define it as ‘a mode of decision making about collectively binding rules and policies over which the people exercise control’ (Beetham, 1992) and democracy and Confucianism are not mutually exclusive upon this definition because Confucianism would accept the instrumental value of democracy. In the following
Lao-Tzu (606-530 B.C.) is the Founder of Daoism and writer of the holy book “Tao Te Ching”. Daoism is the native organized religion of traditional China, which sometime known as “Taoism”. This philosophy is principally associated with the notion of “Dao” or “Way”, and encompasses ideas of naturalness and ease, nonaction and going along with the flow. The word Dao (also spelled Tao) originally meant road or way, Dao is the ineffable way of life, pattern of the world, source of all that is (and is not); from the one came the two (yin – yang shown in Figure 2) and from the two came, the 10,000 things (wan or “everything”). De is the power, potency, or “virtue” of Dao; reflected in action so excellent, balanced, and harmonious that it seems to
September 9, 2015, the day I knew for sure that I needed to travel back in time to take a more detailed look at how it was during the 13th through the 17th centuries of China’s history. I became so attached to my research on the Yuan and Ming dynasties that I had to go back in time to see for myself first hand how it was way back in those days. I am the first person to use a time machine and these two dynasties were at the top of my list on a time to go back to.
Confucianism is a complex of ethical and philosophical categories which is based on the teachings of the ancient Chinese sage called Confucius. After his death teachings were developed and supplemented by his follower and began to play a tremendous role in many spheres of Chinese society. It greatly influenced folks from the neighboring countries such as Korea and Japan.