While Legalism shaped the empires that endorsed it in becoming a powerful central state centered on law, and created a sense of fidelity to laws rather than to morals in the society through famous political reforms like Lord Shang 's Reform, and rejected the competing ideology of Rujia, Confucianism influenced the empire with an emphasis on humanism, morality, and societal order, leading the empire to become less centralized and the society to become centered on Confucianism-learning. Contrary to these two ideologies, Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty gained its popularity as a religion for the people to guide them on thoughts over the afterlife as well as guidance on filial
Legalism stressed the importance of law and order above all other matters. Many of the doctrines and beliefs of Legalism were formed from the ideas of Han Fei, who was actually the disciple of the Confucian philosopher Xun Zi. Xun Zi had lost faith in the Confucian belief in the inherent good of man after seeing the constant political and social turmoil of his time. He and his disciples took the realization of man’s true nature to heart and decided that there needed to be something to control the rampant self interest of man, and they decided that the way would be through a system of laws. While Confucians believe that the nature of man is inherently good, Legalists believe that the nature of man is very susceptible to bad intentions.
He is trying to say that they should not over extend and become something that they were not meant to be. It seems as if the main idea was to not stress yourself and be content with what you were supposed to be. This religion was only really known by Chinese government officials and strong believers in Laozi until modern China. Each government has a set of principles to live by and the religion of choice usually set the parameters on the government and gave the officials a set of standards to live and govern
Unlike Confucianism, the Daoists think it is futile to sit and idle about things that don’t offer any solution. Instead, they dedicated their time to reflect and try to understand the natural principles. The Daoists believed that this will bring harmony to society and would end to concern on things they can’t understand or control. Laozi founded Daoism during the sixth century according to Chinese tradition. The basic beliefs and composition of Daoism are compiled in a book known as Daodejing (Classic of the Way and of Virtue).
Lao Tzu to some is considered to be either a Chinese hippy or the first libertarian. (Fresco) Confucius, on the other hand, was generally dedicated to establishing the educated and the philosophically minds of the people of China. Confucius taught about strict order by respecting the relationship in life, such as the self and authority. As previously stated, Lao Tzu was the complete opposite. The Tao Te Ching is filled with examples of how Lao Tzu thought life should be lived.
Classical China Influences: Confucianism and Daoism The Confucius Analects and Daodejing contain underlying beliefs of how to live an effective lifestyle. The sayings of Confucius focus on achieving a strong ethical code from upholding classical traditions. He views an appropriate lifestyle as the attainment of benevolence, sense of propriety, and filial piety through the following concepts: Ren, li, and Xiao. Rather, The Daodejing conveys a vision of Dao, “the way”, as the source of all thing. Primarily it associates with refinement and emptiness of being.
Laozi is teaching us to look at things from a different perspective and appreciate the balance of yin and yang. Similar to Confucius, Laozi also sought out a solution to create harmony in a world full of chaos and fragmentation. But Laozi found the solution through Daosim. The three ideas, the Dao, wuwei and yin and yang, are three key concepts in Daoism that leads to the harmony that Laozi strived for. These ideas, although created hundreds of years ago, still deeply influence Chinese thinking and culture
He rebels his culture by going against the beliefs of the government. Even Though Weiwei is supposed to agree with the regulations, he shares his opinions freely and disagrees. Ai Weiwei still remains outspoken of freedom and human right. He knows they “own the land, [they] set the game rules … but the disappearance is [his]” (Weiwei 2). The government has control over the benefits, therefore Weiwei is trying to emphasize that the chinese receive the consequences.
Similarities and Differences between Confucianism and Daoism Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). I believe that Daoism and Confucianism are both the top religions/styles of living in Ancient China, while they have some similarities they are much more different than they are similar. Both are not only ways of living but, they are a way of life. Confucianism is the belief in setting good examples for other people to follow. They are based off of the five key relationships of the ancient chinese society.
Lao Tzu, who founded Taoism, understood chaos and order differently. Confucianism and Taoism are considered the two sizes to the Chinese philosophical coin. (Novak) Lao Tzu believed that avoiding confrontation and going with the flow is the key to the perfect society. For example, this exert from the text. "Life is a series of natural changes.
One of the difference between the Qin and the Han dynasty is that Qin dynasty practiced Legalism and the Han dynasty practiced Confucianism. For the Han dynasty, in Document 3, states that they had a exam system of giving opportunities for everyone across the dynasty who has outstanding moral and learning to have a chance to have a role in the government, which shows that the Han dynasty emperor gave more opportunities to the commoners. For the Qin in Document 2, says that the people follow the rules, and there are no trouble because the people understand what happens when they do not follow the rules, which leads to punishments. Which shows that the Qin dynasty had strict rules for people to just obey for the government and have no say. Taking