Punishment Brings Wisdom In the "Allegory of the Cave", Plato formed a theory about human perception with claims that some philosophical questions should be answered. His theory is about human only gain knowledge through the senses. His theory was that the punishment of the prisoners brought them wisdom and truth to the one who eventually had an opportunity of going outside the cave. In the Sophocles Antigone, however, Creon's mistakes of putting Antigone in an underground cave because she went against his edict as the king and leaving the body of Polyneice's body unburied led to his downfall.
Antigone, a complex character indeed-- many have described her as fiercely brave, tragic heroine, or even, a model of strength for women. Although the events of Antigone do lend easily to these characterizations of Antigone, it is also apparently clear that she possessed self-interested motives behind the burial of her brother, Polynices. She sought glory and honor for her actions, rather than having mere satisfaction from the actions themselves. Throughout the play, Antigone displays a sense of hubris regarding her brave and heroic sacrifice for her brother—the hubris is exacerbated with the repetitive diction, especially the words ‘glory’ and ‘honor’ and Antigone’s constant desperation for the world to know about what she has done.
One of the most prominent themes in all of greek literature is fate. Fate is especially important in Antigone, an installment of the Oedipus Cycle, written by Sophocles. Antigone is set just after the bloody siege of Thebes, and tells the story of Oedipus’ daughter, named Antigone, as she attempts to bury the body of her traitorous brother Polynices, who attempted to invade and conquer Thebes. Her brother was killed in battle, and despite their relationship, he is left to rot on the battlefield. Her other brother, Eteocles, who died defending Thebes, is to be buried with full honors; Antigone thinks this is unjust, and plans to secretly bury Polynices, in spite of Creon’s declaration that if anyone tries to bury Polynices they will be stoned
Conscience vs. Society Everyone faces difficult choices throughout their life, and many of these choices are due to the pressures of society. Society is cruel and everyone, at some point in their lives, has been at the receiving end of that cruelty and felt the sorrow it brings. In Antigone by Sophocles, Antigone finds herself faced with the choice of doing what her heart says is right, and burying her dead sibling or following what society has decreed as the right thing to do and leave him “to be devoured by dogs and fowls of the air.” (Sophocles, page 12) Antigone’s sister, Ismene, faces the same choice though she is less willing to defy society in favor of family obligations.
The ancient Greek tragedies, Antigone by Sophocles and Medea by Euripides, both contain compelling arguments conducted amongst its main characters. The tale of Antigone describes the struggle of a young women who is punished for disobeying mortals in order to respect the gods. Medea gives an account of a woman who seeks revenge after being tremendously grieved when betrayed by her husband. The main characters of both tragedies find themselves in heated debates with their male counterparts. Perhaps the most convincing arguments come from Antigone's claim to Creon regarding her innocence, and Jason's exchange with Medea.
Antigone is a Shakespearean tragedy which always presents a person whose main purpose is to act as a moral compass for a main character and a main character cursed by fate and hold a tragic flaw. In this story, Antigone is the center topic of the story. With a role of the first woman to rebel against the norms of society, Antigone continues to act in ways she believed was morally correct. Although she is characterized by morality, her unfortunate bloodline fails to escape her true destiny of death. By constructing detailed characters and elaborating the plot structure of a tragic story, Sophocles ultimately creates important themes with plot elements, symbolism, characterization, and historic relevance.
The journey of self-enlightenment is an unending process; nowadays, instead of ignoring the problem, one is encouraged to reflect upon himself and learn from his mistake. Both Confucius and St. Augustine embrace this philosophy and use their mistakes as a pedestal to improve themselves and attain the highest understanding. The concept of self-reflection is an essential part of Confucius and Saint Augustine’s path to enlightenment, their different education background and life philosophies have created very different processes of how one would attain self-improvement: While Confucius has an idea of how a virtuous man should be and one should follow the three virtues to reach enlightenment, Saint Augustine is unclear about his path to God, as he is a man of rhetoric and felt the need to understand God before committing himself to Christianity. Confucius regards education as the only way to self-improvement and morality ; he believes that if one were willing to learn, he will naturally find the way and become a virtuous man.
CONFUCIANISM INTRODUCTION The ideology of Confucianism, also known as the "Ru" or "The Scholars", originated from Confucius, the first teacher who advocated ritual and propriety, humaneness, learning and the past. Subsequent scholars contributed to Confucianism in different ways, but its core foundation remains as a humanist system that views harmony and virtue as paramount principles in dealing with the relationship between nations, countries and individuals. SUCCESS VS FAILURE: POLITICAL & ECONOMIC STABILITY Confucianism first rose to prominence during the Han dynasty, wherein it was made the state ideology and has since made significant contributions to China's political and economic sector.
Confucianism is a complex of ethical and philosophical categories which is based on the teachings of the ancient Chinese sage called Confucius. After his death teachings were developed and supplemented by his follower and began to play a tremendous role in many spheres of Chinese society. It greatly influenced folks from the neighboring countries such as Korea and Japan. Confucianism is a way of life which maintained religious unity and contributed to ethnic consolidation Chinese for more than two thousand years.
Cultural Interactions China has always complained about the invasion of western culture since late 1970s. They believed that the American and European countries have targeted the Chinese people and even some Chinese scholars said that the society has come through a “westification” process. After the cold war Beijing kicked off a program of cultural awareness in and outside the country to restore Chinese culture. Outside China the move was represented by introducing the Confucius Institute in 2004. The first was inaugurated in Seoul, South Korea and today hundreds of them are active across the globe.