Confucius: The Chinese-Culture Model Of Chinese Culture

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The Chinese-culture model derived from Confucius who lived 2,500 years ago (551-479 B.C.). Confucius lived at a time of change and upheaval in China. He deplored the collapse of order and justice that he saw all around him. For Western he did not so much leave religious message but rather the understanding of ethics. In contrast to the chaos and discord that occurred in his time, he taught order, discipline, hierarchy, education, ritual, and mutual obligation. The ritual was very strongly emphasized by him, which involves love, justice, and the right way for people to connect with the society and relationships with each other. Confucius advocated a strong state, strong central bureaucracy, and a strong government to hold the factions together.…show more content…
The combination of written characters for "man" and "two", ren related to human relations. In the Analects, Confucius explained ren as follows: "When Fan Chih asked about ren, the Master replied "Love the people ". The explanation is also implied when Yen Yuan asked about ren and the Master explained: "If you can control the selfish desires and subject them to the rules of decency and if you can do this for one day, it was the beginning of the ren for the whole world. Ren was independent and comes from within yourself and do not need any help from the outside. Ren is a manifestation of the original nature, act in accordance with propriety (li), and is based on sympathy for others. For Chinese society self-cultivation is more meaningful than individualism. In this way, the state, society, family and self are well served. Indeed, if thinking more broadly, the world itself is well served, because there is a natural progression to the level outside of the country. If the state, through moral leadership, has ren, as well as its foreign relations, because of the relationship will be based on an external expression of ren, called li (or propriety of…show more content…
In the eyes of the Chinese people, any relationship between businesses is ultimately built upon relationships between individuals. The emphasis of the Chinese on interpersonal relationships and Ren Zhi (i.e., rule by people) is logically correlated with Confucius’s disregard of legal systems. The high expectations of the Chinese regarding reciprocity in business interactions grows out of Confucius’ well-known admonition: “Do not do unto others what you do not want others to do unto you.” The Chinese use the term guanxi to refer to trust-based, reciprocal personal relationships. In traditional Chinese families, family members, whether immediate or extended, are mutually obligated to help one another. As society evolves, the concept of “family” is gradually extended to people who share a commonality of identities, for example, schoolmates, fellow villagers, and old friends. This tradition morally obligates one to improve the welfare of less fortunate relatives and friends through one’s influence and contacts. In business, guanxi is regarded as a form of long-term social investment in dealings with both internal and external stakeholders whereby business is grounded in personal mutual trust and favors are extended on the basis of expected reciprocity. Such relationships are person-specific and cannot be

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