Confucius: The Father Of History: Mohism And Legalism

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During the warring time period, 479 BCE - 221 BCE, many Chinese philosophies were created. The Warring Period was a time of conflict between different feudal states. Some of the conflict was resolved using various philosophies. Two popular philosophies created during that time were Mohism and Legalism. Mohism “became influential when technical intelligence began to challenge traditional priest craft in ancient China” (philosophy.hku.hk). Mohism was a classical philosophy in early Chinese culture that promoted the main principles of universal love, moral conduct, consequentialism, and utilitarianism. It was considered not only a philosophy but a “social and religious movement” (Plato. Stanford) during the warring time period. The founder of Mohism was Mozi, better known to his adherents as “Master Mo.” He was greatly revered and obeyed by his peers and followers for his philosophical insight. Philosophers have argued in depth about whether Mozi or Confucius, should be considered the father of philosophy because they both brought something beneficial to Chinese philosophy. Confucius brought the idea of harmony occurring only when each person has proper behavior in their family and society, while Mozi enforced the ideas of morality: being judged by consequences and that people’s actions can only be right if they benefit the majority. Meaning if a person, does good in their life that benefited them personally, even if their action is good, it will be called wrong or incorrect,

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