The Third Reich, referring to Hitler’s reign and Germany being under Nazi rule between the years 1933-1945, is often referred to as a totalitarian state. A totalitarian state is a system of government in which all power is centralized and does not allow any rival authorities, and the state controls every corner of individual lives with absolute power. Nazi Germany has been referred to as an excellent example of this type of government. This essay will analyse five aspects of Nazi Germany to determine whether it truly exhibited the totalitarian style of government. A clear aspect of what makes a state totalitarian is having one strong ideology and Nazi Germany perfectly covers this criterion.
Nowadays people ask themselves how it was possible for WW2 and the Holocaust to happen and why the Nazis and Hitler became so very powerful and successful. To answer that question one has to take a look at how they managed to seize power during the inter war years and the events that took place. In his propaganda speech in front of the Reichstag in April 1939 Hitler claimed having singlehandedly accomplished the rise of the Nazi party with the words: “I have accomplished all this, as one who 21 years ago was still an unknown worker and soldier of my people, by my own efforts…” (Ian Kershaw, The Führer Myth: How Hitler won over the German People). Since there were a lot of components which led to Hitler becoming Chancellor on January 30th 1933 and a lot of people who the Nazi party was dependent on, it seems quite
He rose to power in German politics after joining the party which he was monitoring as an army officer, and became its leader. Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, and served as a dictator from 1934 to 1945. His policies accelerated World War II. Adolf Hitler committed suicide with his wife Eva Braun on April 30, 1945 in his Berlin lair. This Speech was made in response to the July Bomb Plot.
This new position in Germany’s government gave Hitler the opportunities he needed to seize control of the country. Hitler had managed to form a legal dictatorship with his new place in government, and created the Enabling Act, which gave his branch of government the full power of the legislature for four years. He went on to suppress political and military opposition, and then abolishing the president of office. This put him as the head of government and state, and thus, dictator of Germany. After becoming dictator, Hitler made laws against Jews; he boycotted Jewish goods, banned Jewish and non-Jewish German marriage, excluded Jews from state service and schooling, made them carry around identity cards, banned Jewish doctors from treating non-Jewish patients, and banned them from many public places.
The weaknesses faced by the Weimar Republic was known which also enabled Hitler to exploit the weaknesses of the left and the moderates. Appearing to be the strong leader and withholding the communication skills needed to lead a country, he was able to gain the votes he needed (Orlow 'Modern Germany ' p.185). There were violent strikes in the streets, back and forth fighting, rioting. People were killed and the people of Germany, who feared Communism and despise chaos, sided with the “volkishe” parties, who promised to establish law and order. The people of Germany thought rather than having thousands die it would be better to have law and order and break a few heads than to live with that chaos.
The methods used include propaganda, promises, and scapegoating as well as the measures taken following the election in 1930. To begin with, in order to understand how Hitler was able to rise to power in Germany, it is important to analyze the circumstances that the country found itself in. When the Versailles Treaty was signed in 1919, Germany felt itself treated deeply unfairly. It had not been invited to the peace talks, and nearly none of the 14 points set
Historian Allan Mitchell writes that Bonapartism was “a model for Bismarckian politics”. There is evidence that shows that Bismarck was indeed influenced by the way Napoleon III ruled in a fast changing society racked by tension between bourgeoisie and proletariat. Historian classify Bismarckism as Bonapartist as he never founded his own political movement and avoided becoming dependant on retaining confidence of the monarchy. Furthermore, there were some smaller German states that agreed with “Bonapartism” as they saw it as a desire to revise in a reactionary sense the constitution given in 1848. This is significant as Bismarck would have needed to appeal to all German states any by incorporating Bonapartist views into his policy he would be appealing to the smaller states, which in turn would support
Totalitarianism holds the authoritative power throughout the state while fascism beholds a great power to control any anti-regime activity. Examples of Totalitarianism: 1. Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union: From 1929 to 1953, Stalin ruled Soviet Union. After the Civil War ended, Stalin took over the country and started to rule by force. Initially Soviet Union was a nation of low level farmers but in his time period it became a powerful government of strong military and industrial strength.
Both figures would eventually rule by decree. Despite treading on different paths of ruling, both figures still find some commonalities. Two prominent differences would certainly come to mind when distinguishing Stalin from Hitler. The first notable difference lies in the fact that both men had reigned over different territories. Stalin was the dictator of the USSR whereas Hitler was the ‘Führer’, leader in other words, of Nazi Germany (McAleavy, 2002).
The Nazi Racial Ideology was a theory that allowed people to evaluate people by their racial group. Adolf Hitler, the leader of the Nazi Party, introduced the idea of the Nazi Racial Ideology. He thought that he was a deep and profound thinker and that he had found out how the world worked. The struggle of “race” was the law of nature and no one