Gall bladder cancer: The rates below are based on the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis(published in the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual in 2010). Incidence of gall bladder cancer is steadily rising even approaching 20% in Ganga belt region. Below table showing how much fetal Stage Relative 5-Year Survival Rate 0 80% I 50% II 28% IIIA 8% IIIB 7% IVA 4% IVB 2% Cervix cancer: In women, cervical cancer is second most common worldwide, next only to breast cancer. In India, cervical cancer is the most common cancer especially among rural based female. One woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in India.
Cancer is diagnosed each year in about 175,000 children ages 14 and under worldwide. Cancer is the leading cause of death by disease past infancy for U.S. children. However, thanks to better therapies, more than 80% of U.S. childhood cancer patients now become long-term survivors. Survival rates can vary depending on the type of cancer. About 420,000 childhood cancer survivors live in the U.S., with much more around the world (St. Jude Children 's Research Hospital) this shows that cancer is one major diagnosed disease found in children under the age of 15.
Approximately 7.0% of the world’s population is thalassaemia carrier and an estimated 300,000 babies are born each year with this disorder. More than 80% of these births occur in low or middle-income countries. These countries have limited resources where priority tends to be given to combat high rates of infant and child mortality from infectious diseases and malnutrition (Weatherall, 2001). As a result, thalassaemia receive little
Approximately 100,000 heart valve replacements are performed each year in the U.S. It is estimated that patients requiring heart valve replacements will be tripled from 290,000 in 2003 to 850,000 by 2050 (Yacoub and Takkenberg 2005). It is estimated that 5 million patients in India are suffering from heart valve disease and every year 50, 000 new patients are diagnosed with heart valve disease. Heart valves may become impaired either due to tightening of the valve preventing forward flow of blood which
INTRODUCTION Despite the fact that we are now approaching the 44th anniversary of the publication of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)1, there is still a debate that exists for the indication and yield of neuroimaging for minor head trauma. Head trauma in children is one of the most common reasons for visiting emergency department with more than 95% of these constitute minor head trauma, defined as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score greater than or equal to 13. Among these patients, less than 10% have traumatic brain injuries (TBI), less than 1% need neurosurgery and approximately 25% of the visits for blunt head trauma are in children younger than 24 months. In the diagnosis of TBI, cranial CT scan is the diagnostic standard for identifying the presence
This varied diversity masks the processing problem and hence LD is a difficult to detect. The prevalence of Learning Disability study was conducted by L.M.T.G. Hospital, Sion, Mumbai reveals that 2,225 children visit hospital for certification of any kind of disability and out of which 640 were diagnosed having Specific Learning disability. A study conducted for Indian Council of Medical Research in Bangalore reported that prevalence of LD in 4-16 year old children was 12%. A study in Kerala revealed that nearly 10% of childhood population have language disorder and 8-10% of school population have Learning Disability in one or the other form (1997).
Of these, 72% patients had duodenal perforation. 84% patients had a positive X-ray finding and 94% were positive on ultrasound examination (1). Hannan et al (2005) in their study of peptic perforation also reported highest incidence of 34% in the age group of 30-40 years. The mean age of the patients was 41 years (2). Duodenal perforation is a very common and fatal complication in patients of chronic peptic ulcer symptoms with inadequate or no medical treatment.
Rotational anomalies are one of the most frequent of embryonic malformations related to the digestive tract. The incidence of malrotation is ∼1:500 births and the symptomatic incidence is 1:6000 [1, 2]. Intestinal malrotation refers to incomplete midgut rotation and fixation in early fetal life and can consist of complete absence of rotation, incomplete rotation—less than 270—or inverse rotation. In most cases Malrotation can present with other congenital anomalies and It is typically diagnosed during the first year. We report a rare case of malrotation with LADD band presenting in an 11 year old girl accompanying intrinsic duodenal stenosis and annual stenosis.
In the united states, the incidence of diarrhea varies between (1 to 2.5) diarrheal episodes per child per year, leading to approximately 38 million cases (2-3.7) million physician visits, 220,000 hospitalizations, and (325-425) deaths annually. McKinney et al., (2000) reported that the "diarrhea one of the most common disorders in childhood, is defined as an increase fluidity, and volume of stools". In the united states, children younger than 5 years experience (20-35) million episodes of diarrhea, with more than 200,000 hospitalization per year. Lawrence, (1994) reported that "bouts of diarrhea and intestinal tract disease are much less common in breastfed infants than in bottle-fed infants, but when they occur, the infant should be maintained on the breast if possible". Human milk is a physiologic solution that normally causes neither dehydration nor hypernatremia.