Intestinal ischemia Overview: Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood vessels that flow bowel contract or block, thereby reducing the blood supply. Ischemia can affect the small intestine or colon, or both. The reduction in blood flow can cause pain and provide permanent injury to the bowel. The acute intestinal ischemia, or quickly stopping the direct circulation to the intestine, is an emergency and requires immediate surgery; that chronic, manifested in time, but must be treated because it can turn into acute or cause severe weight loss and malnutrition. Causes: The intestinal ischemia occurs when the direct circulation to the intestine decreases or stops completely.
This device aims to target the primary issue of heart failure, which is the heart’s decrease in function. Ventricular assist devices help the heart pump blood from the ventricles to the rest of the body in a more efficient way.20 VAD can be used to treat left or right heart failure however, it is most commonly used in the left ventricle.20 A VAD can be used in patients who are awaiting heart transplantation but need short term support. It can also be used in patients who need long term support, but are not viable candidates to receive a heart transplant.20 Implantation of a ventricular assist device is an invasive procedure; so several diagnostic tests may be done in order to evaluate the eligibility of an individual to undergo the process. The procedure consists of an open heart surgery that lasts several hours.20 During the surgery, the individual is placed on mechanical ventilation and the heart is stopped via medication. A heart and lung bypass machine is used in order to allow oxygenated blood to continue to flow throughout the rest of the body.20 The VAD is then implanted into the right or left ventricle.
Bp is read from patients as a matter of determining illness by monitoring what is known as a NEWS score, presenting a validating number to recognise the level of health of an individual. (Royal College of Nursing, 2015) Hypertension, high blood pressure, or hypotension, low blood pressure, can be a sign of a decreased state of health for my patients, therefore it was imperative that a bp exam is carried out in the correct way for the
The aneurysm will be watched for sign of changes, by closely monitoring your thoracic aortic aneurysm with CT or MRI scans on a regular basis or every 6-12 months. High blood pressure is one of the particular symptoms of thoracic aortic aneurysm, if you have high blood pressure, your physician will prescribe blood pressure medication for you to lower at least your overall blood pressure and in the weakened area of the aneurysm. And there is this thing called a “statin” (or cholesterol lowering medication) to maintain the health of your blood vessels. 2. Surgical Repair If the thoracic aortic aneurysm become larger or you are already causing symptoms, you will need a quick treatment to prevent a rupture from occurring.
The public health nurse must assess the individual and provide appropriate care such as incontinence wear or catheter care. Bowel dysfunction may occur in the form of constipation or bowel frequency. Personal hygiene needs must be promoted. The public health nurse may need to liaise with the health care workers or the individual’s main carer. A referral to dietician may be beneficial to discuss high fibre diet and fluid intake.
Renal Failure Treatment What happened when the kidneys fail to function? The normal kidney removes the wastes and harmful material in the body by making urine. When the kidneys fail, wastes and extra fluids accumulate in the blood. There are other numerous symptoms accompany with kidney failure such as nausea, trouble sleeping, poor appetite, trouble breathing, swelling of the feet or ankles, puffiness around the eyes and so on. The treatment is required with the aid of a specialist who helps to decide which treatment is efficient and when the time to start the treatment.
The heart pumps the blood while the blood vessels deliver blood to all body parts. 6.1 Personal context The cardiovascular system ceases to perform its roles when some factors like diseases are involved. The diseases affecting this system is referred to as cardiovascular diseases or heart diseases. These heart diseases are among the major diseases with high rate of mortality and morbidity rate. The aged people are more prone to heart diseases including men.
In nurse’s perspective, the poor and inconsistent of pain assessment can lead to unrelieved pain and reduce patient mobility, resulting in complications such as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, and pneumonia (Ed. Caltorn, 1997). Postsurgical complications related to inadequate pain management will affect the length of hospitalization; the risk of readmissions, and increase the cost care of treatment. Somehow, a poor documentation of current status pain assessment will delay the intervention and responses to the care plan (Gordon, 2005). Thus, to overcome this situation in clinical practice, The American Pain Society (2005), created the phrase “Pain: the fifth vital sign” to increased awareness of the important in pain management
A treatment option for those who have suffered an ischaemic stroke is thrombolysis. As 85% of strokes are ischaemic this is a treatment option for many (Fitzpatrick and Birns,2004).The goal of thrombolysis is to disintegrate the thrombus/embolus occluding the vessel and reduce the scale of tissue damage (Fitzpatrick and Birns,2004).It is important to note that thrombolysis using ateplase should only be used to treat acute ischaemic stroke once intracranial bleeding has been ruled out by diagnostic imaging, and within 4.5hours of onset by
The quality of care on the basis of nursing care insufficiency was also explored and indicated that a important relationship presented between quality care and patient safety ratings . ( Schubert et al 2012 ) . However , Nursing clinical rounds lead nurses to interact with patients, respond to their interest , and adjust the unsatisfying conditions. regular nursing rounds provide an opportunity to recognize patient needs by progress nursing procedures. Although hospitals worker various methods of rounds for hospitalized patients, the main components of all rounds are pain preventing, bathing, changing position, and environmental comfortable .