Congestive heart failure The term "congestive heart failure" is somewhat misleading. The heart does not fail, but rather that it does not contract as strongly as before, and does not pump enough blood around the body to meet the body's needs in terms of oxygen. This is caused by a buildup of fluid in the lungs that impedes the breathing or causes disturbances to the lower limbs. Again, these symptoms are not manifested in all cases.
Because of this inability to contract effectively, the rest of the vital organs receive inadequate amount of blood resulting to inadequate tissue perfusion. There are two types of left-sided HF; systolic and diastolic failure. Systolic failure happens when the left ventricle doesn’t have the enough energy to pump normally the blood to the general circulation. As for diastolic failure, the left ventricle loses the ability to fill itself with blood during resting period resulting to inadequate amount of blood to be pumped out to the circulation (Weinrauch, 2008). The diastolic dysfunction will eventually lead to right-sided heart failure.
1.Congestive Heart Failure also known as (heart failure) is a life threatening condition. Heart Failure is caused when someone has a weak heart. It usually happens when the bodies blood pump to the heart is not pumping blood to the heart correctly.
Systolic and Diastolic Heart Failure Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood for the body due to a weakened or damaged heart. The heart 's pumping action moves oxygen-rich blood as it travels from the lungs to the left atrium, then on to the left ventricle, which pumps it to the rest of the body. The left ventricle supplies most of the heart 's pumping power, so it 's larger than the other chambers and essential for normal function. (American Heart Association). In left-sided or left ventricular heart failure, the left side of the heart must work harder to pump the same amount of blood.
The exudative phase unfolds over the first 1 to 7 days after attack of lung injury. Accumulation in the alveoli of excessive fluid, protein and inflammatory cells that have move into the air spaces from the alveolar capillaries. Intrapulmonary shunt develop and blood passing cannot be oxygenated. Alveolar type I and type II cells are spoiled causing surfactant dysfunction. Alveoli become unstable and collapse and fibrotic changes take place.
The lung tissues may develop a pneumothorax. This causes the lungs to collapse by letting air escape into the chest cavity. This disease may affect the heart through aortic dilation. The aorta is a blood vessel that is responsible for transporting blood from the heart to the body. In aortic dilation, the aorta may overstretch or become weak.
Congestive Cardiac Failure Keywords: Congenital, heart disease, cyanosis, oxygenated blood, deoxygenated blood, structural defects, systemic circulation, pulmonary circulation, Mottling, Pallor, Pulmonary Rales 1. CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES (CCHD) CCHD is a group of congenital heart diseases that occur due to deoxygenated blood bypassing the lungs and entering the systemic circulation or a mixture of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood entering systemic circulation which is caused by structural defects of the heart or any condition which increases pulmonary vascular
Hypoxia: is the lack of adequate oxygen but hypoxic injury is due to low blood supply, which impacts the heart muscle (Huether & McCance, 2012, p. 63-65 ). After the cessation of blood supply to the heart muscle, the contraction stops due to decline in mitochondrial phosphorylation. This leads to low ATP production, which causes an increase in anaerobic metabolism, producing ATP from glycogen. Even when that is used up, the sodium and potassium pump on the plasma membrane and the sodium-calcium exchange fail to function. All of this causes cellular swelling and also lead to vacuolation, formation of vacuoles.
The patient was kept in the propped up position with the head end elevated to 450. 2. He was initially given 60% oxygen via a venturi mask 3. His vital parameters were monitored ECG, Heart rate ,SPO2, NIBP, Hourly urine output, temperature, GCS score 4. His initial arterial blood gas with 60% oxygen was pH-7.39 pO2-385 mm
Christina Markevich 10/29/2015 Congestive Heart Failure What is Congestive Heart Failure? Congestive Heart Failure is something that occurs when the heart is no longer able to pump enough blood to the rest of the body, or when is just is not able to pump blood as well as it should. Some people happen to have either of these problems, some people have both.
My current practice setting is primarily based out of the hospital and quality care measures as well as cost analyses are certainly of big concern this day and time. Providers are constantly making sure that all "quality indicators" are present on each and every cardiac consult that is encountered and making sure that the documentation supports the reason why a certain "quality indicator" is not indicated on the individual patient. What I find thought provoking is that although I may discharge a chronic systolic heart failure patient on all the core measure medications and they demonstrated improvement while in the hospital for the 3 to 4 days that they are allowed for that admission, they still bounce right back into the hospital for "congestive
The monitoring of weight is one of the most accurate forms for a nurses to monitor for fluid retention. Along with daily weights, the nurse will also be assessing the lungs sounds of a patient with ASD to monitor for fluid overload. The problem with fluid overload is that it stress the heart, causing it to grow in size, which is the way the body compensates for the complication. Fluid overload can affect many more areas of the body, such as the liver, kidneys and most importantly the lungs. These are some of the reasons it is important for the nurse to assess for murmur in the heart, adventitious lung sounds, as well as respiratory